CHAP. 34.—REMEDIES FOR INFLAMED TUMOURS, AND FOR DISEASES
OF THE GENERATIVE ORGANS. THE SCIÆNA: ONE REMEDY.
THE PERCH: FOUR REMEDIES. THE SQUATINA: THREE REMEDIES.
THE SMARIS: THREE REMEDIES.
The pickle of the coracinus1
disperses inflammatory tumours;
an effect which is equally produced by using the cal-
cined intestines and scales of the sciæna.2
too, is used for the same purpose, boiled in wine, and applied
as a fomentation to the part affected. Shells of sea-urchins,
bruised and applied with water, act as a check upon incipient
inflammatory tumours. Ashes of the murex, or of the purple,
are employed in either case, whether it is wanted to disperse
inflammatory tumours in an incipient state, or to bring them
to a head and break them. Some authorities prescribe the following
preparation: of wax and frankincense twenty drachmæ,
of litharge forty drachmæ, of calcined murex ten drachmæ,
and of old oil, one semisextarius. Salt fish, boiled and applied
by itself, is highly useful for the above purposes.
River crabs, bruised and applied, disperse pustules on the
generative organs: the same, too, with calcined heads of
or the flesh of that fish, boiled and applied. Heads
of salted perch,5
reduced to ashes, and applied with honey, are
equally useful for the purpose; or else calcined heads of pelamides,6
or skin of the squatina reduced to ashes.7
It is the
skin of this fish that is used, as already8
stated, for giving a
polish to wood; for the sea even, we find, furnishes its aid to our
artificers. For a similar purpose the fishes called "smarides"9
are applied topically; as also ashes of the shell of the murex
or of the purple, applied with honey; which last are still more
efficacious when the flesh has been burnt with the shell.
Salt fish, boiled with honey, is particularly good for the
cure of carbuncles upon the generative organs. For relaxation
of the testes, the slime10
of snails is recommended, applied in
the form of a liniment.
The flesh of hippocampi,11
grilled and taken frequently as
food, is a cure for incontinence of urine; the ophidion,12
a little fish similar to the conger in appearance, eaten with a
lily root; or the small fry found in the bellies of larger fish
that have swallowed them, reduced to ashes and taken in
water. It is recommended, too, to burn13
African snails, both
shells and flesh, and to administer the ashes with wine14