CHAP. 17.—AT WHAT PERIODS THERE WAS THE GREATEST QUANTITY OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE TREASURY OF THE ROMAN PEOPLE.
In the consulship of Sextus Julius and Lucius Aurelius,1
seven years before the commencement of the Third Punic War,
there was in the treasury of the Roman people seventeen thousand
four hundred and ten pounds' weight of uncoined gold,
twenty-two thousand and seventy pounds' weight of silver, and
in specie, six million one hundred and thirty-five thousand
four hundred sesterces.
In the consulship of Sextus Julius and Lucius Marcius,
that is to say, at the commencement of the Social War,2
was in the public treasury one million3
six hundred and twenty
thousand eight hundred and thirty-one pounds' weight of gold.
Caius Cæsar, at his first entry into Rome, during the civil
war which bears his name, withdrew from the treasury fifteen
thousand pounds' weight in gold ingots, thirty thousand pounds'
weight in uncoined silver, and in specie, three hundred thousand
sesterces: indeed, at no4
period was the republic more
wealthy. Æmilius Paulus, too, after the defeat of King Perseus,
paid into the public treasury, from the spoil obtained in
Macedonia, three hundred millions5
of sesterces, and from this
period the Roman people ceased to pay tribute.