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In addition to these, there are various other kinds of earth, endowed with peculiar properties of their own, and which have been already mentioned on former occasions.1 We may, however, take the present opportunity of again remarking the following properties. The earth of the island of Galata and of the vicinity of Clypea, in Africa, is fatal to scorpions; and that of the Balearic Islands and of Ebusus kills serpents.

SUMMARY.—Remedies, narratives, and observations, nine hundred and fifty-six.

ROMAN AUTHORS QUOTED.—Messala2 the Orator, the Elder Messala,3 Fenestella,4 Atticus,5 M. Varro,6 Verrius,7 Cornelius Nepos,8 Deculo,9 Mucianus,10 Melissus,11 Vitruvius,12 Cassius Severus Longulanus,13 Fabius Vestalis,14 who wrote on Painting.

FOREIGN AUTHORS QUOTED.—Pasiteles,15 Apelles,16 Melanthius17 Asclepiodorus,18 Euphranor,19 Heliodorus,20 who wrote on the Votive Offerings of the Athenians, Metrodorus,21 who wrote on Architecture, Democritus,22 Theophrastus,23 Apion24 the grammarian, who wrote on the Medicines derived from Metals, Nymphodorus,25 Iollas,26 Apollodorus,27 Andreas,28 Heraclides,29 Diagoras,30 Botrys,31 Archidemus,32 Dionysius,33 Aristogenes,34 Democles,35 Mnesides,36 Xenocrates37 the son of Zeno, Theomnestus.38

1 As to the earths of Galata and Clypea, see B. v. c. 7. The others are mentioned in B. iii. c. 11.

2 See end of B. ix.

3 See end of B. xxxiv.

4 See end of B. viii.

5 See end of Books vii. and xiv.

6 See end of B. ii.

7 See end of B. iii.

8 See end of B. ii.

9 See end of B. x.

10 See end of B. ii.

11 See end of B. vii.

12 See end of B. xvi.

13 A native of Longula in Latium. Though of dissolute character, he was famous as an orator and satirical writer. It was he who accused Nonius Asprenas of poisoning, as mentioned in Chapter 46 of this Book. He died in exile at the island of Seriphos, about A.D. 33. His works were at first proscribed, but were afterwards permitted by Caligula to be read.

14 See end of B. vii.

15 See end of B. xxxiii.

16 The painter, mentioned at great length in Chapter 36 of this Book, and elsewhere.

17 A painter of Sicyon, mentioned in Chapters 32 and 36 of this Book.

18 Probably the painter of that name, mentioned in Chapter 36 of this Book.

19 The artist mentioned in B. xxxiv. c. 19, and in Chapter 40 of the present Book.

20 See end of B. xxxiii.

21 Possibly the painter of that name, mentioned in Chapter 40 of this Book.

22 See end of B. ii.

23 See end of B. iii.

24 See end of B. xxx.

25 See end of B. iii.

26 See end of B. xii.

27 See end of Books iv., viii., xi., and xx.

28 See end of B. xx.

29 See end of Books iv. and xii.

30 See end of B. xii.

31 See end of B. xiii.

32 See end of B. xii.

33 See end of B. xii.

34 See end of B. xxix.

35 See end of B. xii.

36 See end of B. xii.

37 See end of B. xxxiii.

38 See end of B. xxxiii.

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