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1 Supposed by Ajasson to be the Euclase, a brittle green stone, composed of silica, alumina, and glucina. Haüy gave it this name from the Greek words ευ, "easily," and κλάω, "to break." According to Dana, however, Euclase was first brought from Peru: if such is the fact, we must, perhaps, look for its identification in Epidote, a green silicate of alumina.
2 "Brazen smaragdus." It was probably Dioptase, combined with copper Pyrites. See Notes 26, 28, and 29, above.
3 With reference to this statement and the others in this Chapter, Ajasson remarks that these stones can have been nothing but prases, green jaspers, fusible spaths, emerald quartz, and fluates of lime.
4 Herodotus mentions this smaragdus and the temple, B. ii. c. 44, as having been seen by himself.
5 "Iaspis." See Chapter 37 of this Book.
6 Meaning "the conqueror of many," probably; in reference to his contentious disposition. See end of B. xxx.
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