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1 Its ruins are supposed to be those seen eight miles from Egripo. Lukisi has also been suggested.
2 Its ruins are still to be seen on the S.W. slope of Mount Faga.
3 On the S.E. slope of Mount Helicon. Its ruins are to be seen at the modern Eremo or Rimokastro.
4 Now Livadhia. The celebrated cave of Trophonius stood in its vicinity.
5 Extensive remains of it are still to be seen; but the modern town of Theba or Stiva stands only on the site of its ancient Cadmea or citadel.
6 To distinguish it from places of the same name in Egypt, Phthiotis, and Lucania.
7 On the range of mountains of that name separating Bœotia from Megaris and Attica. The forest abounded in game, and the vicinity was a favourite scene of the poetic legends. Paleovuni is the highest summit of the Heliconian range. Leake fixes the Grove of the Muses at the present church of Saint Nicholas, at the foot of Mount Marandali, one of the summits of Helicon.
8 These fountains or springs are very difficult to identify, but Hippocrene, or the "Iorse-Spring" (said to have been produced by Pegasus striking the ground with his feet), was probably at the present Makariotissa; while Aganippe is the fountain that flows midway between Paleo-panaghia and Pyrgaki.
9 This place was originally a member of the Bœotian confederacy, but joined the Athenians, though it did not become an Attic Demus. Leake thinks that its ruins are those seen at Myupoli. Ross thinks that it stood to the east of Ghyfto-kastro, while other writers are of opinion that it stood more to the west, near the modern village of Kundara.
10 Razed to the ground by the Roman prætor Lucretius, for having espoused the cause of king Perseus. Its remains are seen about a mile from the village of Mazi, on the road from Thebes to Lebadæa.
11 Memorable for the defeat of the Persians under Mardonius, B.C. 479.
12 Distant twenty stadia from Orchomenus. Leake places it at the modern Izamali, Forchhammer at Avro-Kastro.
13 Its site is uncertain. Leake supposes it to be at Paleokastro, between the north end of Lake Hylica and the foot of Mount Palea. Ulrichs places it at the south end of the lake.
14 The modern Kakosia occupies its site.
15 At the foot of Mount Cithæron. Leake places it eastward of Katzula, at the foot of the rocks there.
16 Leake identifies it with the ruins on the torrent of Plataniki, below the mountain of Siamata. Pausanias says it was situate seven stadia beyond Teumessus, and at the foot of Hypatus, now Siamata.
17 On Lake Copaïs. The modern village of Topolia occupies its site.
18 The waters of the Cephisus here burst forth from their subterraneous channel.
19 On Lake Copaïs. Its ruins are at a short distance to the south of the modern Kardhitza.
20 South of Mount Helicon. Its principal remains are those of its theatre, a temple of Hera, and the agora or market-place.
21 On the borders of Phocis; famous for the battles fought in its vicinity between the Athenians and Bœotians, B.C. 447, and between Philip of Macedon and the Athenians and Bœotians, B.C. 338, and that in which Sylla defeated the generals of Mithridates B.C. 86. It stood on the site of the modern village of Kapurna.
22 On the river Copais, at the foot of Mount Tilphusion.
23 On the river of that name, and on the road from Thebes to Anthedon.
24 Its site appears to be unknown.
25 Enumerated by Homer with Aulis. Ancient critics have, without sufficient reason, identified it with Hysiæ.
26 It was sacked by the Athenians, B.C. 413, and in ruins in the time of Pausanias.
27 The modern Grimadha or Grimala occupies its site.
28 The modern channel of Egripo.
30 So called from dwelling near Mount Cnemis.
31 Its ruins are to be seen three miles from the modern Talanti.
32 Now the Golfo di Talanti.
33 On the Eubœan Sea, which here extended to the Corinthian Gulf. It was in ruins in the time of Strabo. Cynus was the chief sea-port of the Locri Opuntii. Its site is marked by a tower called Palæopyrgo, and some ruins to the south of the village of Livanates.
34 The modern village of Lefti stands on its site, and there are some ruins to be seen.
35 In C. iv. of this Book.
36 Or Cnemides, a fortress built on the range of Mount Cnemis, near the modern Nikoraki.
37 Ravaged by Philip of Macedon. Its ruins are near the modern village of Vogdhani.
38 The Lower Larymna. Its ruins are seen between the modern Matzumadi and Martini.
39 Its ruins are to be seen near the modern Andera.
40 Between Daphnus and Cynus. Gell found its ruins on a hill near the sea-shore.
41 Its ruins are to be seen three miles from those of Thronium.
42 Now called the Gulf of Zeitoun. The people from whom it received its name were the Malienses.
43 Its ruins are two leagues from the modern town of Zeitoun.
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