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1 Hardouin remarks here, that Pliny, Strabo, Mela, and Pausanias use the term "Myrtoan Sea," as meaning that portion of it which lies between Crete and Attica, while Ptolemy so calls the sea which lies off the coast of Caria.
2 Now called Spitilus, and the group of Micronisia, or "Little Islands," according to Hardouin.
4 Now Andro. It gives name to one of the comedies of Terence. The ruins of the ancient city were found by the German traveller Ross, who has published a hymn to Isis, in hexameter verse, which he discovered here. It was famous for its wines.
5 Now Tino.
7 Now Mycono, south-east of Tenos and east of Delos. It was famous in ancient mythology as one of the places where Hercules was said to have defeated the Giants. It was also remarkable for the great proportion of bald persons among its inhabitants.
9 Wheeler says that the distance is but three miles; Tournefort, six.
10 Once famous for its gold and silver mines, but equally notorious for the bad character of its people. It is now called Siphno.
11 Now Serpho, lying between Cythnos and Siphnus.
12 Now Fermina, according to Hardouin.
13 Between Ceos and Seriphus. It is now called Thermia. Cydias the painter was born here, and it was famous for its cheeses. Its modern name is derived from its hot springs, which are much frequented.
14 Still called Delos; and, though so celebrated, nothing more than a mere rock, five miles in circumference.
15 That is, according to Varro, whose statement is ridiculed by Seneca. Some of the editors, however, punctuate this passage differently, making it to mean, "the only island that has never experienced an earthquake. Mucianus however has informed us, that down to the time of M. Varro, it has been twice so visited."
17 From ὄρτυξ, "a quail"; the legend being, that Latona was changed into that bird by Jupiter, in order to effect her escape thither from the anger of Juno. Its name of Asteria was derived from ἄστρον, "a star," either in consequence of its being devoted to the worship of the great luminary Apollo, or of its being considered by the gods the star of the earth. It was also called Lagia, from λαγὼς, "a hare," that animal abounding there; and Cynæthus, from κύων, "a dog," it being famous for its hounds.
18 A bare granite rock, not more than 500 feet in height. The island is now a mass of ruins; a great part of its remains having been carried away in the middle ages to Venice and Constantinople.
19 Divided by a strait of four stadia in width from Delos. Nicias connected the two islands by a bridge. Its name of Celadussa was said to be derived from the noise of the waves, κέλαδος, and of Artemite, from Artemis, or Diana.
20 Now Syra; famous for its wine and corn.
21 Now Antiparos; famous for its stalactite grotto, which is not mentioned by the ancient writers.
22 Now Paro; south of Delos and west of Naxos. The ruins of its town are still to be seen at the modern Paroikia. The Parian Chronicle, inscribed on marble, and containing a chronicle of Grecian history from Cecrops, B.C. 1582, to B.C. 264, was found here. It is preserved at Oxford.
23 Chiefly obtained from a mountain called Marpessa.
24 Now Naxia, famous both in ancient and modern times for its re- markable fertility.
25 From στρογγύλος, "round," its shape being somewhat inclined to circular, though by Eustathius it is compared to the shape of a vine-leaf. It is commonly called Dia by the poets. Tournefort says that it is distant forty miles from Delos.
27 Or "Fine City." It took its other name from the fact of its rivalling the fertility of Sicily.
28 According to Brotier, the Jesuit Babin, on visiting it, found its circumference estimated at thirty-six miles only.
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