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1 The materials of this chapter appear to have been principally taken from Aristotle, Varro, and Columella—B.
2 See B. iv. c. 12.
3 Varro, ubi supra, gives considerably different directions on this point; he says, "Intercourse is to be allowed, at the proper season of the year, twice a day, morning and evening."
4 This sentence in Columella, ubi supra, seems to illustrate the meaning, which is somewhat obscure "Veruntamen nec minus quam quindecim, nec plures quam viginti, unus debet implere"—"One male ought to be coupled with not more than twenty females, nor less than fifteen."
5 Cuvier states, that the hippomanes is a concretion occasionally found in the liquor amnii of the mare, and which it devours, from the same kind of instinctive feeling which causes quadrupeds generally to devour the afterbirth. He remarks, however, that this can have no connection with the attachment which the mother bears to her offspring; Ajasson, vol. vi. p. 459; Lemaire, vol. iii. p. 495. The hippomanes is said to have been employed by the sorceresses of antiquity, as an ingredient in their amatory potions. See Aristotle, Hist. Anim. B. viii. c. 24, and Ælian, Anim. Nat. B. xiv. c. 18.—B. See also B. xxviii. c. 11.
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