The Life of Marcus Brutus
- I. Parentage of BRUTUS.
- 2. His studies.
- 3. He sides with POMPEY.
- 4. He is saved by JULIUS Caesar at the battle of PHARSALIA.
- 5. Caesar makes him governor of GALLIA CISALPINA. He contends with CASSIUS for the Praetorship of the city.
- 6. He is distrusted by Caesar.
- 7. CASSIUS endeavours to gain over BRUTUS to conspire against CAESAR.
- 8. BRUTUS and CASSIUS induce many tojoin them in their conspiracy.
- 9. Magnanimity of PORTIA, the daughter of CATO, and wife of BRUTUS.
- I0. Dangers besetting the conspirators.
- 11. PORTIA'S terrors.
- 12. Assassination of CAESAR.
- 13. Why ANTONIUS was not also slain.
- 14. BRUTUS makes an oration in the Capitol.
- 15. Oration of ANTONIUS at CAESAR'S funeral.
- 16. Murder of CINNA the Poet, and flight of the conspirators.
- 17. Arrival of OCTAVIUS CAESAR at Rome.
- 18. BRUTUS leaves ITALY, to the great grief of PORTIA, and arrives at ATHENS.
- 19. He is attacked by the disease called bulimy. He captures CAIUS ANTONIUS.
- 20. Formation of the first triumvirate.
- 21. Function of the armies of BRUTUS and CASSIUS.
- 22. A comparison of their characters.
- 23. Burning of the city of XANTHUS.
- 24. Noble acts of BRUTUS.
- 25. Quarrel of BRUTUS and CASSIUS.
- 26. Apparition of a spirit to BRUTUS, and appearance of two eagles.
- 27. Preparations for battle.
- 28. The battle of PHILIPPI.
- 29. Defeat and death of CASSIUS.
- 30. Conduct of BRUTUS after the f rst battle.
- 31. Second battle, and defeat of BRUTUS.
- 32. Death of STATILIUS, and suicide of BRUTUS and of PORTIA.
The parentage of Brutus.
Servilia M. Brutus' mother.
Servilia, Cato's sister.
Brutus followed the old Academics.
Empylus, an orator, wrote a book of Caesar's death, and entitled it Brutus.
Brutus' manner of writing his epistles in Greek.
A brief letter to the Samians.
Brutus followed Cato into Cyprus.
Brutus taketh part with Pompey.
Brutus studied in Pompey's camp.
Julius Caesar loved Servilia, Brutus' mother.
Brutus saved by Julius Caesar after the battle of Pharsalia.
Caesar made Brutus governor of Gaul on this side of the mountains.
Brutus and Cassius contend for the Praetorship of the city.
Cassius married Junia, Brutus' sister.
The first cause of Cassius' malice against Caesar.
Caesar suspected Brutus.
Caesar's saying of Brutus.
Cassius incenseth Brutus against Caesar.
Cassius' lions in Megara.
Cassius enemy of tyrants.
How Brutus was incensed against Caesar.
Brutus first to help him to put down the tyrant.
Brutus maketh Ligarius one of the conspiracy.
They do hide the conspiracy against Caesar from Cicero.
Civil war worse than tyrannical government.
The wonderful faith and secrecy of the conspirators of Caesar's death.
Porcia, Cato's daughter, wife unto Brutus. Bibulus' book of Brutus' acts. Porcia studied in philosophy.
The courage of Porcia.
Great difference between a wife and a harlot. Porcia's words unto her husband Brutus.
The wonderful constancy of the conspirators in the killing of Caesar.
Sundry misfortunes to have broken off the enterprise.
The weakness of Porcia, notwithstanding her former courage.
Brutus with his countenance encouraged his fearful consorts.
The murder of Caesar. Casca the first that wounded him.
Why Antonius was not slain with Caesar.
Brutus with his consorts went into the Capitol.
Honours decreed for the murderers of Caesar.
Caesar's will and funerals.
Brutus committed two great faults after Caesar's death.
Antonius' funeral oration for Caesar.
The strange dream of Cinna the poet.
The murder of Cinna the poet, being mistaken for another of that name.
Brutus and his consorts do fly from Rome.
Brutus' plays and sports at Rome in his absence.
Octavius Caesar's coming to Rome.
Brutus reproved Cicero for taking part with Octavius Caesar.
Porcia's sorrowful return to Rome, for the absence of her husband Brutus.
the story of Hector and Andromache set forth in painted tablets.
"Thou Hector art my father, and my mother, and my brother,Then Brutus smiling, answered again: "But yet," said he, "I cannot for my part say unto Porcia, as Hector answered Andromache in the same place of the poet:
And husband eke, and all in all: I mind not any other."
Tush, meddle thou with duly weighing outFor indeed the weak constitution of her body doth not suffer her to perform in shew the valiant acts that we are able to do: but for courage and constant mind, she shewed herself as stout in the defence of her country, as any of us." Bibulus, the son of Porcia, reporteth this story thus.
Thy maids their task, anld pricking on a clout.
How Brutus bestowed his time at Athens.
Brutus prepareth himself to war.
Brutus commendeth Cicero's son.
"My destiny and Phoebus are agreedAnd for proof hereof it is reported, that, the same day he fought his last battle by the city of Philippes 103, as he came out of his tent, he gave them for the word and signal of battle, 'Phoebus': so that it was thought ever since, that this his sudden crying out at the feast was a prognostication of his misfortune that should happen. After this, Antistius gave him, of the money he carried into Italy, fifty myriads. Furthermore, all Pompey's soldiers, that straggled up and down Thessaly, came with very good will unto him. He took from Cinna also five hundred horsemen, which he carried into Asia unto Dolabella. After that, he went by sea unto the city of Demetriade 104, and there took a great deal of armour and munition which was going to Antonius: and the which had been made and forged there by Julius Caesar's commandment, for the wars against the Parthians. Furthermore Hortensius, governor of Macedon, did resign the government thereof unto him. Besides, all the princes, kings, and noblemen thereabouts, came and joined with him, when it was told him, that Caius (Antonius' brother) coming out of Italy, had passed the sea, and came with great speed towards the city of Dyrrachium, and Apollonia, to get the soldiers into his hands which Gabinius had there. Brutus therefore, to prevent 105 him, went presently with a few of his men in the midst of winter when it did snow hard, and took his way through hard and foul countries, and made such speed indeed, that he was there long before Antonius' sumpters that carried the victuals. 19.
To bring me to my final end with speed."
A strange disease took Brutus at Dyrrachium. Why by snow this hungry disease taketh men that are wearied with travel.
Brutus' thankfulness and clemency.
C. Antonius yielded unto Brutus.
Octavius Caesar joineth with Antonius.
Brutus accused and condemned by Octavius Caesar's means, for the death of Julius Caesar.
C. Antonius murdered.
Brutus and Cassius do join armies together.
The sharp and cruel conditions of Cassius.
Brutus' gentle and fair conditions.
Brutus' intent good, if he had overcome.
Antonius' testimony of Brutus.
Brutus' noble mind to his country
Brutus a true prophet of Antonius.
Cassius won the city of Rhodes.
Brutus' gests in Lycia.
The city of Xanthus set on fire.
The desperate end of the Xanthians.
the Patareians do yield themselves unto Brutus.
The extreme covetousness and cruelty of Cassius to the Rhodians.
Brutus' clemency unto the Lycians.
Theodotus, born in Chio, a rhetorician, schoolmaster to Ptolemy the young king of Egypt.
Theodotus Chian, the rhetorician that gave counsel to kill Pompey, was put to death by Brutus.
Brutus and Cassius do meet at the city of Sardis.
Brutus' and Cassius' complaints one unto the other.
M. Phaonius a follower of Cato.
Cynic philosophers counted dogs.
Julius Caesar slain at the Ides of March.
The wonderful constancy of Brutus in matters of justice and equity. Brutus' care and watching.
A spirit appeared unto Brutus in the city of Sardis.
Cassius' opinion of spirits after the Epicurean sect.
The cause of dreams.
A wonderful sign by two eagles.
Brutus' and Cassius' camps before the city of Philippi, against Octavius Caesar and Antonius. Brutus' soldiers bravely armed.
Brutus' opinion for the bravery of soldiers in their armour and weapons.
Unlucky signs unto Cassius.
Cassius' and Brutus' opinions about the battle.
Atellius' opinion for the battle.
Cassius' words unto Messala the night before the battle.
Brutus and Cassius talk before the battle.
Brutus' answer to Cassius.
The battle at Philippi against Octavius Caesar and Antonius.
Octavius Caesar falsely reported to be slain at the battle of Philippi. Cassius' misfortune.
Cassius offended with the sundry errors Brutus and his men committed in battle.
Cassius' valiantness in wars.
The importance of error and mistaking in wars.
Cassius slain by his man Pindarus.
The death of Titinnius.
The number of men slain at the battle of Philippi.
Brutus' clemency and courtesy.
Brutus' fault wisely excused by Plutarch.
Brutus' victory by sea.
Wonderful famine among Caesar's soldiers by sea.
the ignorance of Brutus' victory by sea was his utter destruction.
The evil spirit appeared again unto Brutus.
Strange sights before Brutus' second battle.
Brutus' second battle.
Brutus' valiantness and geat skill in war.
The death of the valiant young man Cato, the son of Marcus Cato.
The fidelity of Lucilius unto Brutus.
Let not the wight from whom this mischief vent,and saith that he had forgotten the other. Within a little while after, naming his friends that he had seen slain in battle before his eyes, he fetched a greater sigh than before, specially when he came to name Labio and Flavius, of whom the one was his lieutenant, and the other captain of the pioners 223 of his camp. In the meantime one of the company being athirst, and seeing Brutus athirst also, he ran to the river for water, and brought it in his sallet 224. At the same time they heard a noise on the other side of the river: whereupon Volumnius took Dardanus, Brutus' servant, with him, to see what it was: and returning straight again, asked if there were any water left. Brutus smiling, gently told him, "All is drunk 225, but they shall bring you some more." Thereupon he sent him again that went for water before, who was in great danger of being taken by the enemies, and hardly escaped, being sore hurt. 32. Furthermore, Brutus thought that there was no great number of men slain in battle: and to know the truth of it, there was one called Statilius, that promised to go through his enemies, for otherwise it was impossible to go see their camp: and from thence, if all were well, that he would lift up a torch-light in the air, and then return again with speed to him. The torchlight was lift 226 up as he had promised, for Statilius went thither.
O Jove, escape without due punishment:—
The death of Statilius.
Brutus' saying of flying with hands and not with feet.
Strato received into Caesar's friendship.
Messala Corvinus, Brutus' friend.
Porcia, Brutus' wife, killed herself with burning coals.