previous next
50. On leaving that country and traversing Asia,1 he learned that Domitius had been defeated by Pharnaces the son of Mithridates and had fled from Pontus with a few followers; also that Pharnaces, using his victory without stint, and occupying Bithynia and Cappadocia, was aiming to secure the country called Lesser Armenia, and was rousing to revolt all the princes and tetrarchs there. [2] At once, therefore, Caesar marched against him with three legions, fought a great battle with him near the city of Zela, drove him in flight out of Pontus, and annihilated his army. In announcing the swiftness and fierceness of this battle to one of his friends at Rome, Amantius, Caesar wrote three words ‘Came, saw, conquered’ 2 In Latin, however, the words have the same inflectional ending, and so a brevity which is most impressive.

1 In July of 47 B.C.

2 Veni, vidi, vici. According to Suetonius ( Div. Jul. 37), the words were displayed in Caesar's Pontic triumph.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Greek (Bernadotte Perrin, 1919)
hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (3):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Suetonius, Divus Julius, 37
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: