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43. So, then, all were alike ready and willing; but only sixty, they say, were with Alexander when he burst into the camp of the enemy. There, indeed, they rode over much gold and silver that was thrown away, passed by many waggons full of women and children which were coursing hither and thither without their drivers, and pursued those who were foremost in flight, thinking that Dareius was among them. But at last they found him lying in a waggon, his body all full of javelins, at the point of death. [2] Nevertheless, he asked for something to drink, and when he had drunk some cold water which Polystratus gave him, he said to him: ‘My man, this is the extremity of all my ill-fortune, that I receive good at thy hands and am not able to return it; but Alexander will requite thee for thy good offices, and the gods will reward Alexander for his kindness to my mother, wife, and children; to him, through thee, I give this right hand.’ With these words he took the hand of Polystratus and then expired. 1 [3] When Alexander came up, he was manifestly distressed by what had happened, and unfastening his own cloak threw it upon the body and covered it. And when, at a later time, 2 he found Bessus, he had him rent asunder. Two straight trees were bent together and a part of his body fastened to each; then when each was released and sprang vigorously back, the part of the body that was attached to it followed after. Now, however, he sent the body of Dareius, laid out in royal state, to his mother, 3 and admitted his brother, Exathres, into the number of his companions.

1 These details of the death of Dareius are not to be found in Arrian ( Anab. iii. 21 fin.), but in Curtius (v. 13, 28) and Diodorus (xvii. 73).

2 In the spring of 329 B.C. Cf. Arrian, Anab. iii. 30, 5; iv. 7, 3 ff.

3 ‘To Persepolis, with orders that it should be buried in the royal sepulchre’ (Arrian, Anab. iii. 22, 1).

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