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1 for others paid a like attention to these points, and so do the declaimers; for we do not always speak as advocates, but frequently as actual parties to the suit.

[39] But even in these cases in which we appear as advocates, differences of character require careful observation. For we introduce fictitious personages and speak through other's lips, and we must therefore allot the appropriate character to those to whom we lend a voice. For example, Publius Clodius will be represented in one way, Appius Caecus2 in another, while Caecilius3 makes the father in his comedy speak in quite a different manner from the father in the comedy of Terence. [40] What can be more brutal than the words of Verres' lictor, “To see him you will pay so much”?4 or braver than those of the man from whom the scourge could wring but one cry, “I am a Roman citizen!”5 Again, read the words which Cicero places in the mouth of Milo in his peroration: are they not worthy of the man who to save the state had so oft repressed a seditious citizen, and had triumphed by his valour over the ambush that was laid for him?6

1 3. viii. 51.

2 Clodius, the unscrupulous enemy of Cicero. Appins Caccus, his ancestor, the great senator, who secured the rejection of the terms of Pyrrhus.

3 See Pro Cael. xvi.

4 I.e. to visit a relative in prison, Verr. v. xlv. 118; cp. Quint. IX. iv. 71.

5 Verr. V. lxii. 162.

6 Cp.

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  • Cross-references to this page (5):
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), NORMA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), PERSO´NA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), SUDARIUM
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), TOGA
    • Smith's Bio, Gallus, L. Plo'tius
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