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[17] However, it forms a genus in itself, and [p. 385] has several different species. One of these is the defence by anticipation, such as Cicero employs against Quintus Caecilius,1 where he points out that though previously he himself has always appeared for the defence, he is now undertaking a prosecution. Another is a form of confession, such as he introduces in his defence of Rabirius Postumus,2 where he admits that he himself regards his client as worthy of censure for lending money to the king. Another takes the form of prediction, as in the phrase, “For I will say without any intention of aggravating the charge.” Again, there is a form of self-correction, such as, “I beg you to pardon me, if I have been carried too far.” And, most frequent of all, there is preparation, whereby we state fully why we are going to do something or have done it.

1 Div. in Caec. i. 1.

2 Chs. i. and ix.

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