), a board of officers, chosen by lot, at Athens. Their
business was partly to watch the arrival of the corn ships, take account of
the quantity imported, and see that the import laws were duly observed;
partly to control the sales of corn in the market, and take care that the
prices were fair and reasonable, and none but legal weights and measures
used by the factors; in which respect their duties were much the same as
those of the AGORANOMI
with regard to
other saleable articles. Their number, according to the most probable
correction of the words of Aristotle (ap. Harpocrat. s. v.), was the same as
that of the other bodies with analogous, functions; namely ten, five for the
city and five for the Peiraeus (Vömel, Zeitschr. f.
1852, p. 32; Gilbert, Staatsalterth.
1.247; Fränkel, n. 145 on Boeckh). Another reading, followed by
Boeckh and the authors of the Att. Process
(p. 105 Lips.),
gives ten for the city and five for the Peiraeus, or fifteen in all. The
notion that there were originally only three rests on a false reading in
22, κατὰ τῶν
§ 8, where Scheibe rightly corrects τέσσαρες
: see his note, and Fränkel
). According to Lysias (ib. § 16),
been punished with death for mere inability to check the
proceedings of the σιτοπῶλαι,
passionate unfairness of this speech indisposes us to accept so
extraordinary a statement on its sole authority.
Demosthenes refers to the entry in the books of the Sitophylaces (τὴν παρὰ τοῖς σιτοφύλαξιν ἀπολραφὴν
prove the quantity of corn imported from Pontus, which (he says) was equal
to all that came from elsewhere, owing to, the liberality of Leucon, king of
the Bosporus, who allowed corn to be exported from Theudosia to Athens free
of duty (Dem. c. Lept.
p. 467.32). These books were probably
kept by the five who acted for the Peiraeus, whose especial business it
would be to inspect the cargoes that were unladen. (Harpocr. s. v. Σιτοφύλακες
: Boeckh, P. E.
3 1.105.) [C.R.K
view as to their number, five for the city and five for the Peiraeus, is
shown to be correct (Ἀθ. πολ.