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صَلَحَ ذ , (S, Mgh, Msb, &c.,) aor. صَلُحَ , (S, MA, Mgh, Msb,) the well-known form, though omitted in the K, (TA,) and صَلَحَ , (MA, K, Msb,) [said by some to be] the more chaste, because agreeable with analogy, (TA,) [but the former is the more common,] inf. n. صُلُوحٌ (S, MA, Mgh, Msb, K * [in the CK الصَّلُوح is erroneously put for الصُّلُوح]) and صَلَاحٌ (S, * MA, Mgh, Msb, K *) and مَصْلَحَةٌ; (MA;) and صَلُحَ, aor. صَلُحَ , (S, MA, Mgh, Msb, K,) mentioned by Fr, on the authority of his companions, (S, TA,) but said by IDrd to be not well established, (TA,) inf. n. صَلَاحٌ and صَلَاحَةٌ, (MA,) or صَلَاحِيَةٌ; (TA;) said of a thing, (S, Mgh, Msb,) and of a man, (TA,) It, and he, was, or became, good, incorrupt, right, just, righteous, virtuous, or honest; it was or became, in a good, incorrupt, sound, right, or proper, state, or in a state of order; he, or it, throve; contr. of فسد [i. e. فَسَدَ and فَسُدَ]; (MA; [and S and A and Mgh and K by implication; see صَلَاحٌ below;]) in Pers. نيك شد; (MA;) [and ↓ استصلح signifies the same, for] صَلَاحٌ and اِسْتِصْلَاحٌ both signify in Pers. نيك شدن. (KL.) One says, صَلَحَتْ حَالُ فُلَانٍ [The state, or condition, of such a one became good, right, or proper]. (A, TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] هٰذَا أَدِيمٌ يَصْلُحُ لِلنَّعْلِ (tropical:) [This is leather that is suitable for the sandal]. (A.) And هٰذَا الشَّىْءُ يَصْلُحُ لَكَ (tropical:) This thing is suitable to thee; or fit, or meet, for thee. (S, K, * TA.) And فُلَانٌ لَا يَصْلُحُ لِصُحْبَتِكَ (tropical:) [Such a one is not fit for being thy companion]. (A.) 3 صالحهُ ذ , (A, Msb, K,) inf. n. صَلَاحٌ (S, Msb, K) and مُصَالَحَةٌ, (S, K,) the former of which is made fem. in a verse of Bishr Ibn-Abee-Házim, (TA,) [He made peace, or became at peace or reconciled, with him; or he reconciled himself with him: for] مُصَالَحَةٌ is the contr. of مُخَاصَمَةٌ. (Mgh.) And صالحهُ عَلَى كَذَا He made peace, or reconciliation, [or a compromise,] with him on the condition of such a thing. (MA.) And صالحهُ عَلَى بَعْضِ مَا لَهُ [He compounded with him for part of what was owed to him; he made a compromise with him on the condition of receiving part of what was due to him]; said of a creditor and debtor. (Mgh in art. ضغط.) And صَالَحْتُ بَيْنَ القَوْمِ, inf. n. مُصَالَحَةٌ, I made peace, or a reconciliation, between the people, or party; syn. لَآءَمْتُ. (Msb in art. لأم. [See also 4.]) 4 اصلحهُ ذ , (A, Mgh, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِِصْلَاحٌ, (S, A,) and quasi-inf. n. صَلَاحٌ, (L in art. لقح,) said of a man, (A, Msb,) and of God, (TA,) [and of a thing,] He, and it, made, or rendered, it, or him, good, incorrupt, right, just, righteous, virtuous, or honest; constituted it, disposed it, arranged it, or qualified it, well, rightly, or properly; rectified, corrected, redressed, or reformed, it; put it into a good, incorrupt, sound, right, or proper, state; or restored it to such a state; put it to rights, or in a state of order; set it right, set it in order, ordered it, managed it well, cultured it; adjusted, dressed, or trimmed, it; prepared it properly for use; repaired, mended, amended, or improved, it; made it, or him, to thrive; contr. of أَفْسَدَهُ. (S, * K. [And so by implication in the Mgh &c.]) One says, أَصْلَحْتُ القِدْرَ بِالتَّابَلِ [I made good, qualified properly, or seasoned, (the contents of) the cooking-pot with the seeds that are used in cooking]. (Msb in art. تبل.) And أَصْلَحْتُ السِّقَآءَ بِالرُّبِّ [I seasoned the skin with rob, or inspissated juice]. (S in art. رب.) And أَصْلَحْتُ بَيْنَ القَوْمِ [in which الأَمْرَ is understood, so that the meaning is I rectified, or reformed, or amended, the circumstances subsisting between the people, or party; or] I made peace, or I effected a rectification of affairs, an agreement, a harmony, a reconciliation, an accomodation, or an adjustment; [or I adjusted the affair;] between the people, or party. (Msb.) And سَعَى فِى إِِصْلاَحِ ذَاتِ البَيْنِ [He laboured in rectifying, or improving, the bad, or the good, state of circumstances, or the disunion or union, subsisting between people]. (A.) One says also, اصلح الدَّابَّةَ, (TA,) and اصلح إِِلَى الدَّابَّةِ, (T, A, Mgh, TA,) the latter because اصلح implies the meaning of أَحْسَنَ, (Mgh,) (tropical:) He acted well to the beast, (T, A, TA,) and put it into a good, or right, or proper, state, or took care of it, or paid frequent attention to it. (A, TA.) And اصلح إِِلَيْهِ (tropical:) He acted well to him, did good to him, or benefited him. (K, TA.) And اصلح [alone] (assumed tropical:) He did that which was good, right, or just. (Msb.) 6 تصالحا ذ and اِصَّالَحَا &c.: see 8, in four places. 7 انصلح ذ [quasi-pass. of أَصْلَحَهُ; thus signifying It became rectified, &c.: see تَشَعَّبَ]. (K in art. شعب.) 8 اصطلحا ذ (S, A, K) and اصتلحا, (K,) and ↓ تصالحا (S, A, K) and ↓ اِصَّالَحَا , (S, K,) [the last a var. of تصالحا,] all signify the same, (TA,) and القَوْمُ ↓ تصالح , and اصطلحوا, (Mgh,) [They two, (i. e. two persons or two parties,) and] the people, or party, made peace, or became at peace or reconciled, [each with the other, and] one with another: (Msb:) [اِصْطِلَاحٌ is the contr. of اِخْتِصَامٌ and] ↓ تَصَالُحٌ is the contr. of تَخَاصُمٌ. (Mgh.) ― -b2- And اصطلحوا عَلَى أَمْرٍ They (a particular class of persons) agreed together, or among themselves, respecting a particular thing. (ElKhafájee, MF.) ― -b3- [Hence,] اِصْطِلَاحٌ signifies also The agreement of a people to name a thing by any name turned from the primary application. (KT.) ― -b4- And [as an inf. n. used in the sense of a pass. part. n., for مُصْطَلَحٌ عَلَيْهِ,] Conventional [or technical] language: and a conventional [or technical] term: opposed to [لُغَةٌ and] تَوْقِيفٌ. (Mz 1st نوع.) 10 استصلح ذ is the contr. of استفسد: (S, L, K:) [i. e. it signifies He regarded, or esteemed, a thing good, incorrupt, right, just, or the like; as expl. in the TK; and in like manner, a man. ― -b2- He wished, or desired, a thing to be good, incorrupt, right, just, &c.; as in the TK; and in like manner, a man. ― -b3- And He sought to render good, incorrupt, &c. ― -b4- And hence, He treated in such a manner as to render well affected, or obedient.] -A2- Also He sought to do good or to act well [إِِلَى فُلَانٍ to such a one]. (KL.) ― -b2- And He sought peace, or concord. (KL.) ― -b3- And It happened well. (KL.) ― -b4- See also 1. صُلْحٌ ذ a subst. from مُصَالَحَةٌ, (S, Msb, KT,) syn. with the latter; (Mgh;) masc. and fem.; (S, K;) Peace, reconciliation, or agreement, (Mgh, Msb, K, KT, TA,) after contention: and in the law it means a compact to give over, or relinquish, contention. (KT.) One says, وَقَعَ بَيْنَهُمَا صُلْحٌ (A, TA) Peace, or reconciliation, took place between them two. (TA.) [And أُخِذَ صُلْحًا It (a fortress or the like) was taken peacefully, or by surrender.] ― -b2- Also That in respect of which there has been made a peaceful compact: or which has been taken in the way of peace. (Mgh.) ― -b3- And A party at peace with others. (TA.) You say, هُمْ لَنَا صُلْحٌ They are [a party] at peace with us. (A, TA.) And you say also ↓ قَوْمٌ صُلُوحٌ A people, or party, who are at peace: the latter word in this case being app. an inf. n. used as an epithet. (TA. [See also صَالِحٌ.]) صَلْحٌ ذ : see صَالِحٌ. صَلَاحٌ ذ an inf. n. of صَلَحَ (MA, Mgh, Msb) and of صَلُحَ: (MA:) [used as a simple subst, it signifies Goodness, incorruptness, rightness or rectitude, justness, righteousness, virtue, honesty; &c.: see 1:] contr. of فَسَادٌ; (S, A, Mgh, K;) as also ↓ صُلُوحٌ : (K, TA: [الصَّلُوح in the CK being a mistake for الصُّلُوح:]) accord. to some, it is not used as an attribute of a prophet nor of an apostle, but only of a person inferior to these: accord. to others, however, this restriction is wrong. (MF.) ― -b2- Also quasi-inf. n. of 4. (L in art. لقح.) ― -b3- And [hence,] A thing that is good, and right. (Msb.) See also مَصْلَحَةٌ. -A2- صَلَاحِ, like قَطَامِ, is a name of Mekkeh; (S, A, K;) either from الصُّلْحُ or from الصَّلَاحُ; (TA;) and sometimes it is perfectly decl. [pronounced صَلَاحٌ]. (S, K.) صُلُوحٌ ذ : see صُلْحٌ, and صَلَاحٌ: ― -b2- and see also صَالِحٌ. صَلِيحٌ ذ : see what next follows. صَالِحٌ ذ , (MA, L, Msb, K,) from صَلَحَ; (MA;) and ↓ صَلِيحٌ , (IAar, L, K,) from صَلُحَ; (MA;) and ↓ صِلْحٌ ; (K;) applied to a thing, (Msb,) and to a man, (MA,) Good, incorrupt, right, just, righteous, virtuous, or honest; &c.; [see 1; contr. of فَاسِدٌ:] (MA, L, K:) pl. صُلَحَآءُ [accord. to general analogy of صَلِيحٌ, and app. applied only to rational beings, like صَالِحُونَ,] and ↓ صُلُوحٌ [q. v.; this being said by some to be a pl. of صَالِحٌ; and by others, to be originally an inf. n.; like as is said of شُهُودٌ]. (L.) One says رَجُلٌ صَالِحٌ فِى نَفْسِهِ [A man good, incorrupt, &c., in himself], مِنْ قَوْمٍ صُلَحَآءَ [of a people good, incorrupt, &c.]. (L.) And هُوَ عَلَى حَالَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ [He is in a good, right, or proper, state or condition]. (TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] صَالِحٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) Suitable, fit, or meet: so in the saying, هُوَ صَالِحٌ لِلْوِلَايَةِ (assumed tropical:) [He is fit for the office of prefect, or the like]. (Msb.) ― -b3- And (tropical:) Much, copious, or frequent: one says مَطْرَةٌ صَالِحَةٌ (tropical:) A copious rain. (Yaakoob, L, TA.) And hence the saying of IJ, أُبْدِلَتِ التَّآءُ مِنَ الوَاوِ إِِبْدَالًا صَالِحًا, meaning (tropical:) [ت is substituted for و] frequently. (TA.) ― -b4- The ا in صَالِحٌ is [often] omitted in writing [though not in pronunciation] when it is used as a proper name [so that the name is written صلح, or more properly صٰلِحٌ]. (Durrat el-Ghowwás in De Sacy's Anthol. Gram. Ar. p. 66 of the Arabic text.) صَالِحَةٌ ذ [a subst. from صَالِحٌ, made so by the affix ة; A good deed or action; an act of beneficence; a benefit]. One says, لَا تُعَدُّ صَالِحَاتُهُ [His good deeds, or beneficent actions, are not to be numbered]. (A, TA.) And أَتَتْنِى صَالِحَةٌ مِنْ فُلَانٍ [A benefit came to me from such a one]. (TA.) اِصْطِلَاحٌ ذ [for مُصْطَلَحٌ عَلَيْهِ: see 8, last sentence]. اِصْطِلَاحِىٌّ ذ Conventional [or technical] language: opposed to [لُغَوِىٌّ and] تَوْقِيفِىٌّ. (Mz 1st نوع.) مُصْلِحٌ ذ [act. part. n. of 4, q. v.]. One says, رَجُلٌ مُصْلِحٌ فِى أُمُورِهِ وَأَعْمَالِهِ [A man who does well, rightly, justly, or properly, in his affairs and his actions]. (L.) مَصْلَحَةٌ ذ A cause, a means, or an occasion, of good; a thing, an affair, or a business, conducive to good, or that is for good; [and hence it may often be rendered simply an affair, when the context shows it to mean what is conducive to good or done for a good purpose;] contr. of مَفْسَدَةٌ; (S and Msb and K in art. فسد;) a good, right, or virtuous, affair; (KL;) a thing that is good and right; syn. ↓ صَلَاحٌ [q. v.]: pl. مَصَالِحُ. (S, A, Msb, K.) One says, نَظَرَ فِى مَصالِحِ النَّاسِ [He considered the things that were for the good of the people]. (A, TA.) And هُمْ مِنْ أَهْلِ المَفَاسِدِ لَا المَصَالِحِ [They are of the people who occupy themselves in the things conducive to evil, not the things conducive to good]. (A, TA. *) And فِى الأَمْرِ مَصْلَحَةٌ In the affair is that which is good: (Msb:) [or a cause of good.] And رَأَى الإِِمَامُ المَصْلَحَةَ فِى كَذَا The Imám saw what was good and right [or what was conducive to good] in such a thing. (TA.) ― -b2- It is also an inf. n. of صَلَحَ. (MA.) مُتَصَلَّحٌ ذ A place, of a garment [&c.], that is to be repaired, or mended; syn. مُتَرَدَّمٌ. (T in art. ردم.)
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