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1094. Adverbs are of two kinds

a. Ordinary adverbs, denoting manner, degree, time, place, etc. Ordinary adverbs qualify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, and (rarely) substantives: ““ὄπισθεν γενόμενοςgetting behindX. A. 1.8.24, εὐθὺς ἐβόα_ straightway he shouted 1. 8. 1, ““φανερὸν ἤδηalready clearL. 4.6, ““πολὺ θᾶττονmuch more quicklyX. A. 1.5.2, εὖ μάλα very easily 6. 1. 1, ““εἰκότως τρόπον τινάin a way reasonablyD. 8.41, ““μάλα συμφορά_a great misfortuneX. C. 4.2.5, ““μάλα στρατηγόςan excellent generalX. H. 6.2.39.

b. Sentence adverbs (or particles) are adverbs that affect the sentence as a whole or give emphasis to particular words of any kind. Greek has many sentence adverbs, some of which are treated more fully under Particles.

Such are words of interrogation (, ἆρα, μῶν); of affirmation and confidence (δή now, indeed, δῆτα surely, γέ at least, even, really, μήν in truth, νή surely, τοί surely); of uncertainty (ἴσως, πού, τάχα perhaps); of negation (οὐ, μή, οὔτοι, μήτοι, etc.); of limitation (ἄν 1761 ff.).

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
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