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1840. Prohibitions are expressed by μή with the present or aorist subjunctive in the first person plural; by μή with the present imperative or the aorist subjunctive in the second and third person singular or plural (cp. 1800). The aorist imperative is rare in prohibitions.

A. I Person.—μὴ γράφωμεν (μὴ γράψωμεν): ““μὴ μαινώμεθα μηδ᾽ αἰσχρῶς ἀπολώμεθαlet us not act like madmen nor perish disgracefullyX. A. 7.1.29.

B. 2 Person.—μὴ γράφε (μὴ γράφετε): ““μὴ θαύμαζεdon't be astonishedP. G. 482a, ““μὴ θορυβεῖτεdon't raise a disturbanceP. A. 21a, ““τὰ μὲν ποίει, τὰ δὲ μὴ ποίειdo this and refrain from doing thatP. Pr. 325d, ““μὴ μέγα λέγεdon't boast soP. Ph. 95b.—μὴ γράψῃς (μὴ γράψητε): ““μηδὲ θαυμάσῃς τόδεand do not wonder at thisA. Ag. 879, ““μὴ θορυβήσητεdon't raise a disturbanceP. A. 20e, ““μὴ ἄλλως ποιήσῃςdon't do otherwiseP. Lach. 201b, μηδαμῶς ἄλλως ποιήσῃς Ar. Av. 133.

N.—The type μὴ γράφῃς is never used. μὴ γράψον occurs rarely in poetry (Δ 410, Σ 134.—ω 248, S. fr. 453 parodied in Ar. Thesm. 870).

C. 3 Person.—μὴ γραφέτω (μὴ γραφόντων): ““μηδεὶς διδασκέτωlet no one tell meT. 1.86, ““μηδεὶς τοῦτ᾽ ἀγνοείτωlet no one be ignorant of this factAes. 3.6. μὴ γραψάτω (μὴ γραψάντων): ““μηδεὶς νομισάτωlet no one thinkX. C. 7.5.73, ““μήτ᾽ ἀπογνώτω μηδὲν μήτε καταγνώτωlet him neither acquit nor condemn in any wayAes. 3.60; and in five other passages giving the actual usage of the orators. In the third person the aorist imperative is much less common than the present imperative.

N.—The type μὴ γράφῃ is used only when the third person represents the first person (1800 c). μὴ γράψῃ is much more common than μὴ γραψάτω in the orators, e.g. ““μηδεὶς θαυμάσῃlet no one be astonishedD. 18.199, ““μηδεὶς νομίσῃlet no one thinkT. 3.13, D. 23.1.

D. The perfect imperative is rare in prohibitions (μὴ πεφόβησθε T 6. 17) and is usually poetical. Cp. 698, 712.

hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
    • Jeffrey A. Rydberg-Cox, Overview of Greek Syntax, Verbs: Mood
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