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2522. Attraction.—A relative pronoun is often attracted from its proper case into the case of its antecedent, especially from the accusative into the genitive or dative. A demonstrative pronoun to whose case the relative is attracted, is usually omitted if unemphatic. Cp. “Vengeance is his, or whose he sole appoints:” Milton.

a. Genitive.—ἄξιοι τῆς ἐλευθερία_ς ἧς (for ἣν) ““κέκτησθεworthy of the freedom which you possessX. A. 1.7.3, πρὸ τῶν κακῶν ὧν (for ) ““οἶδαinstead of the evils which I knowP. A. 29b, ἀφ᾽ ὧν (for τούτων ) ““ἴστεfrom what you knowD. 19.216, Μήδων ὅσων (for ὅσους) ἑώρα_κα . . . ἐμὸς πάππος κάλλιστος my grandfather is the handsomest of all the Medes I have seen X. C. 1.3.2, μὴ ὑποκειμένων οἵων δεῖ θεμελίων (for τοιούτων οἷα δεῖ ὑποκεῖσθαι) if the foundations were not as they ought to be X. Eq. 1.2.

b. Dative.—φοβοίμην ἂν τῷ ἡγεμόνι (for δ̀ν) ““δοίη ἕπεσθαιI should fear to follow the leader whom he might giveX. A. 1.3.17, ἐπαινῶ σε ἐφ᾽ οἷς (for ἐπὶ τούτοις ) λέγεις I commend you for what you say 3. 1. 45, οἷς (for τούτοις ) ““ηὐτυχήκεσαν ἐν Λεύκτροις οὐ μετρίως ἐκέχρηντοthey had not used with moderation the success they gained at LeuctraD. 18.18.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.3
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