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2735. οὐ and μή are used with substantives and substantivized adjectives with the same difference as with participles. Here the generic μή is much more common than οὐ.

““ τῶν γεφυ_ρῶν . . . οὐ διάλυσιςthe non-destruction of the bridgesT. 1.137, κατὰ τὴν τῶν χωρίων ἀλλήλοις οὐκ ἀπόδοσιν because of their non-surrender of the places to each other 5. 35 ( = ὅτι οὐκ ἀπέδοσαν), διὰ τὴν τῶν Κορινθίων οὐκέτι ἐπαναγωγήν because the Corinthians no longer sailed out against them 7. 36. Cp. non-regardance (Shakesp.), nonresidences (Milton). So even with concrete nouns: οἱ οὐχὶ δοῦλοι E. fr. 831.

““ μὴ ἐμπειρία_lack of experienceAr. Eccl. 115, μὴ ἰ_α_τρός he who is not a physician (the non-physician) P. G. 459b, οἱ μὴ πλούσιοι whoever are not rich (the non-rich) P. R. 330a, ““οὐκ ἔστιν ἐν τοῖς μὴ καλοῖς βουλεύμασιν οὐδ᾽ ἐλπίςin schemes that are unwise there is no place even for hopeS. Tr. 725.

a. The use of the negative here compensates for the absence of negative compounds. Cp. αἱ οὐκ ἀναγκαῖαι πόσεις unnecessary potations X. R. L. 5.4.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
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