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صَامَ ذ , (S, M, &c.,) aor. يَصُومُ, (Msb,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, and صِيَامٌ; (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K;) and ↓ اِصْطَامَ ; (M, K;) He abstained, (Msb, TA,) in an absolute sense: (Msb:) this is the primary signification: (TA:) [or] this is said to be the signification in the proper language of the Arabs: (Msb:) and in the language of the law, (Msb, TA,) he observed a particular kind of abstinence; (Msb;) i. e. (TA) he abstained from food (S, M, K, TA) and drink (M, K, TA) and coïtus: (M, K:) and (S, * M, &c.) by a tropical application, (TA,) (tropical:) from speech: (S, * M, Mgh, Msb, * K, TA:) or صَوْمٌ in the proper language of the Arabs signifies a man's abstaining from eating: and by a secondary application, a particular serving of God [by fasting]; (Mgh;) [i. e.] the abstaining from eating and drinking and coïtus from daybreak to sunset: (KT:) accord. to Kh, it signifies [properly] the standing without work. (S.) صام الشَّهْرَ means صام فِى الشَّهْرِ [He fasted during the month]: agreeably with what is said in the Kur ii. 181. (TA.) And it is said (S, M) by I'Ab (S) that the saying, in the Kur [xix. 27], (S, M,) إِِنِّى نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ صَوْمًا means (assumed tropical:) [Verily I have vowed unto the Compassionate] an abstaining from speech. (S, M, Msb.) One says also, صام الفَرَسُ, inf. n. صَوْمٌ (S, M) and صِيَامٌ, (M,) (assumed tropical:) The horse stood without eating of fodder; (S;) or abstained from the eating of fodder. (M, A, Mgh.) And صام عَنِ السَّيْرِ (tropical:) He abstained from going along, or journeying. (TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] صامت الشَّمْسُ (assumed tropical:) The sun became [apparently] stationary [in the mid-heaven]: (T, TA:) or attained its full height. (M, TA.) ― -b3- And صام النَّهَارُ, (inf. n. صَوْمٌ, S,) (tropical:) The day reached its midpoint. (S, M, Mgh, K, TA.) ― -b4- And صامت الرِّيحُ, (M, TA,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) The wind became still, or calm. (S, M, K, TA.) ― -b5- And صام المَآءُ, [inf. n. صِيَامٌ (see صُلَاقَةٌ) and probably صَوْمٌ also,] (assumed tropical:) The water became still, or motionless; syn. قَامَ and دَامَ. (TA.) ― -b6- And صام النَّعَامُ, (M, K,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, (M,) (tropical:) The ostrich cast forth its dung; (M, K, TA;) and in the same sense the verb is used in relation to the domestic fowl; because each stands still in doing this, or because each becomes tranquil by reason of the passing forth of that which occasions annoyance: and accord. to [some one or more of the copies of] the M, صام النَّهَارُ, inf. n. صَوْمٌ, The نهار, by which is here meant the young one of the كَرَوَان, [or rather of the bustard called حُبَارَى,] cast forth what was in its belly. (TA.) -A2- صام مَنِيَّتَهُ i. q. ذَاقَهَا [He tasted, or experienced, his death]. (K.) -A3- And صَامَ He (a man) shaded himself by means of the tree called صَوْم. (K.) 8 إِِصْتَوَمَ see 1, first sentence. صَوْمٌ ذ an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (S, M, &c.) ― -b2- [Hence,] الصَّوْمُ [app. for وَقْتُ الصَّوْمِ] means also (tropical:) [The month of] Ramadán: (K, TA:) whence the saying of Aboo-Zeyd, أَقَمْتُ بِالبَصْرَةِ صَوْمَيْنِ, meaning [I remained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in El-Basrah] two Ramadáns. (TA.) ― -b3- And [in like manner] صَوْمٌ also means (assumed tropical:) A Christian church; syn. بِيعَةٌ: (S, K, TA:) as though for مَحَلُّ الصَّوْمِ i. e. الوَقْفِ [the place of station: for, as Hooker says, speaking of the ancient usage of the Church, “ their manner was to stand at prayer, whereupon their meetings unto that purpose had the names of stations given them ”]. (TA.) -A2- See also صَائِمٌ. -A3- Also (assumed tropical:) The dung of the ostrich. (S, M, K.) -A4- And, in the dial. of Hudheyl, (S,) Certain trees, (S, M,) or a certain tree, (K,) [but] the n. un. is with ة, of the form of the figure of a human being, (M,) ugly in appearance, (M, K,) very much so, the fruits of which are called رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِينِ, i. e. [the heads] of the serpents, [see شَيْطَانٌ and زَقُّومٌ,] not having leaves: AHn says that they have [what are termed] هَدَب [q. v.], their branches do not spread forth, they grow in the manner of the [species of tamarisk called] أَثْل, but are not so tall, and mostly grow in the districts of Benoo-Shebábeh. (M.) صَامَةٌ ذ , for صَوْمَةٌ, inf. n. of un. of صَامَ: see a verse cited voce تَابَ, in art. توب. صَوْمَانُ ذ : see صَائِمٌ. أَرْضٌ صَوَامٌ ذ Dry land or ground, in which is no water. (K.) صَوَّامٌ ذ is like صَائِمٌ but having an intensive signification [i. e. meaning Abstaining, &c., much or often]. (Msb.) One says رَجُلٌ صَوَّامٌ قَوَّامٌ, meaning A man who fasts (يَصُومُ) [often] in the day, and who rises [often] in the night [to pray]. (TA.) صَائِمٌ ذ Abstaining, in an absolute sense: this is said to be the signification in the proper language of the Arabs: and in the language of the law, observing a particular kind of abstinence; (Msb;) [i. e.] abstaining from food (S, M, K) and drink and coïtus: and, [by a tropical application, (see 1, first sentence,)] (tropical:) from speech: (M, K:) it is applied to a man: (S, M, Msb:) and ↓ صَوْمَانُ signifies the same, (S, K,) so applied; (S;) as also ↓ صَوْمٌ , (M, K,) applied to a man, (M,) and to a woman, and to two men, (TA,) and to a pl. number; (M, K;) being an inf. n. used as an epithet; (TA;) or it is a pl., [or rather quasi-pl. n.,] like زَوْرٌ: (M voce ضَيْفٌ:) or, in the proper language of the Arabs, صَائِمٌ signifies abstaining from eating: and by a secondary application, serving God in a particular manner [by fasting: see again 1, first sentence]: (Mgh:) accord. to AO, it signifies any creature abstaining from food, or (assumed tropical:) from speech, or (assumed tropical:) from going along or journeying: (S, Msb:) pl. صِيَامٌ and صُوَّمٌ (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) and صُيَّمٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and صِيَّمٌ and صُوَّامٌ and صُيَّامٌ and صَيَامَى, (M, K,) the last of which [written in the CK صُيَامَى] is extr. (M.) ― -b2- Applied to a horse, (assumed tropical:) Standing still (S, (M, Msb) without eating of fodder (S, Msb) or without eating anything: (M:) or abstaining from the eating of fodder: (Mgh:) or standing upon his four legs. (Az in art. صون, and TA.) ― -b3- And بَكْرَةٌ صَائِمَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A sheave of a pulley that remains still, (Mgh, TA,) that will not revolve. (S, Mgh, TA.) ― -b4- And مَآءٌ صَائِمٌ (assumed tropical:) Water that is still, or motionless; syn. قَائِمٌ and دَائِمٌ. (Mgh, TA.) مَصَامٌ ذ (tropical:) The station, or standing-place, of a horse; as also ↓ مَصَامَةٌ . (S, K, TA.) ― -b2- And مَصَامُ النَّجْمِ (assumed tropical:) The [imaginary] place of suspension of the asterism [meaning the Pleiades]. (M.) Imra-el-Keys says, “ كَأَنَّ الثُّرَيَّا عُلّقَتْ فِى مَصَامِهَا
بِأَمْرَاسِ كَتَّانٍ إِِلَى صُمِّ جَنْدَلِ
” [As though the Pleiades were hung, in their place of suspension, by means of ropes of flax, to hard and solid rocks: i. e. they seemed as though they were stationary: he means that the night was tedious to him]. (S. [See EM p. 36, where a reading of the former hemistich different from that above is given, with the same and another reading of the latter hemistich.]) ― -b3- One says also, جِئْتُهُ وَالشَّمْسُ فِى مَصَامِهَا, meaning (assumed tropical:) [I came to him when the sun was] in the middle of the sky. (TA.) مَصَامَةٌ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph.
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