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صَاحَ ذ , (S, A, O, Msb, &c.,) aor. يَصِيحُ, (S, O, Msb,) inf. n. صِيَاحٌ and صَيْحَةٌ (S, A, * O, Msb, K *) and صَيْحٌ and صُيَاحٌ and صَيَحَانٌ, (S, O, K, *) He raised his voice, voiced, called or called out, cried or cried out: (S, A, O, Msb, K:) or did so vehemently, cried aloud, uttered a loud cry or crying, shouted, exclaimed, or vociferated: (T, S, * A, * O, * Msb, * TA:) or did so with his utmost force or power; (K, TA;) as also ↓ صيّح : (A, * TA:) it is said of a man, and of other things: (TA:) or of anything: (T, TA:) originally, of an animal, and often of a bird of the crow-kind, but rarely of a bird unrestrictedly, and sometimes of a spear as being likened to an animal. (Ham p. 187.) One says, صَاحَ صَيْحَةً شَدِيدَةً [He called, or cried, &c., with a vehement calling or crying &c., or with a vehement call or cry &c.]. (A.) And صاج بِهِ He called or cried, or called out or cried out, to it [or to him]. (Msb.) And صِحْ لِى بِفُلَانٍ Call thou to me such a one. (A, TA.) And بِهِ ↓ صَايَحَ and صَايَحَهُ, (A, TA,) and ↓ صَيَّحَ بِهِ and صَيَّحَهُ, (A,) He called, hailed, or summoned, him; called out, cried out, or shouted, to him. (A, TA.) ― -b2- And صِيحَ بِهِمْ (assumed tropical:) They were frightened, or terrified. (K.) And صِيحَ فِيهِمْ (assumed tropical:) They perished. (K.) ― -b3- One says also, لَقِيتُهُ قَبْلَ كُلِّ صَيْحٍ وَنَفْرٍ I met him before every calling, or crying, and dispersing; meaning (assumed tropical:) I met him before daybreak: (S, TA:) so in the Proverbs of Meyd. (TA.) Or أَتَيْتُهُ قَبْلَ صَيْحٍ وَنَفْرٍ (tropical:) I came to him before everything. (A.) And غَضِبَ مِنْ غَيْرِ صَيْحٍ وَلَا نَفْرٍ (tropical:) He was angry for neither little nor much: (ISk, S, K:) or for nothing. (A.) ― -b4- And صَاحَتِ الشَّجَرَةُ, (A, Msb,) or النَّخْلَةُ, (K,) (tropical:) The tree, (A, Msb,) or the palm-tree, (K,) became tall. (A, Msb, K.) And صاح العُنْقُودُ (tropical:) The raceme came forth completely from its envelope, and became long, and in a fresh and tender state. (K.) And صاح الكَافُورُ (tropical:) [app. meaning The spathe of the palm-tree put forth its spadix, or its raceme, to its full length]. (A.) 2 صَيَّحَ see 1, in two places. -A2- صيّحت البَقْلَ said of the sun, (S, K,) and of the wind, (S,) i. q. صَوَّحَتْهُ [q. v.]. (S, K.) ― -b2- And صَيَّحْتُ الشَّىْءَ I broke and split the thing much. (TA in art. صوح.) 3 مُصَايَحَةٌ ذ and ↓ تَصَايُحٌ signify The calling or crying, or calling out or crying out, &c., of people, one to another. (S, K.) One says, صايح القَوْمُ (TK) and ↓ تصايحوا The people, or party, called or cried, &c., one to another. (A, TK.) ― -b2- See also 1. 5 تصيّح البَقْلُ ذ i. q. تصوّح [q. v.]. (S, K.) ― -b2- And تصيّح الشَّعَرُ i. q. تصوّح [q. v.]. (K in art. صوح.) ― -b3- And تصيّح الشَّىْءُ The thing became much broken and cloven or split or slit. (TA in this art. and art. صوح.) See also 7. 6 تَصَاْيَحَ see 3, in two places. ― -b2- تصايح said of the scabbard, or sheath, of a sword (A, K, TA) (tropical:) It became much split or slit: (K, TA:) it is like the phrase تَدَاعَى البُنْيَانُ [q. v.]. (A, TA.) 7 انصاح ذ said of a garment, or piece of cloth, It became slit, or rent, or much slit or rent. (A, Msb. [See also 7 in art. صوح.]) And انصاحت العَصَا The staff became much split or cracked; as also ↓ تصيّحت . (A.) ― -b2- [Hence,] انصاح is also said of the dawn and of lightning (tropical:) [meaning It showed its light: originally, became cleft: as expl. in art. صوح]. (A.) صَيْحَةٌ ذ an inf. n. [and also an inf. n. un.] of صَاحَ. (S, Msb, &c.) [Hence,] one says, مَا يَنْتَظِرُونَ إِِلَّا مِثْلَ صَيْحَةِ الحُبْلَى [They expect not, or wait not for, aught but the like of the cryingout, or cry, of the pregnant woman]; meaning, evil, or mischief, that shall come upon them suddenly. (TA.) ― -b2- Hence also (S) Punishment, castigation, or chastisement. (S, A, K.) ― -b3- And A hostile, or predatory, incursion, by which the tribe are surprised. (TA.) صَيْحَانٌ ذ : see what next follows. صَيْحَانِىٌّ ذ , (T, S, A, Mgh, K,) or ↓ صَيْحَانٌ , (Msb,) A sort of dates of El-Medeeneh, (T, S, A, Mgh, Msb, K,) black, and hard to chew: (T, Mgh, TA:) said to be so called in relation to a certain ram, named صَيْحَانُ, that was tied to a palm-tree, (A, Msb, K, *) which was hence called نَخْلَةٌ صَيْحَانِيَّةٌ: (A, Msb:) or the name of the ram was الصَّيَّاحُ, and صَيْحَانِىٌّ is a rel. n. changed from its proper form, like صَنْعَانِىٌّ, (K, TA,) from صَنْعَآءُ. (TA.) صَيَّاحٌ ذ A clamorous man: and anything noisy, or sounding much. (The Lexicons passim.) ― -b2- الصَّيَّاحُ is another name for العَوَّآءُ [i. e. The constellation Bootes]. (Kzw.) ― -b3- And (tropical:) A certain perfume, or fragrant substance: (K, TA:) or a wash for the head, (A, K, *) consisting of خَلُوق [q. v.], and the like. (A, TA.) صَائِحَةٌ ذ The crying, or clamour, of the place of the wailing of women. (K.)
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