34.The same winter the Athenians, according to their ancient custom, solemnized a public funeral of the first slain in this war in this manner.
Having set up a tent, they put into it the bones of the dead three days before the funeral;and everyone bringeth whatsoever he thinks good to his own.
When the day comes of carrying them to their burial, certain cypress coffins are carried along in carts, for every tribe one, in which are the bones of the men of every tribe by themselves.There is likewise borne an empty hearse covered over for such as appear not nor were found amongst the rest when they were taken up.
The funeral is accompanied by any that will, whether citizen or stranger;and the women of their kindred are also by at the burial lamenting and mourning.
Then they put them into a public monument which standeth in the fairest suburbs of the city, in which place they have ever interred all that died in the wars except those that were slain in the field of Marathon, who, because their virtue was thought extraordinary, were therefore buried thereright.
And when the earth is thrown over them, someone thought to exceed the rest in wisdom and dignity, chosen by the city, maketh an oration wherein he giveth them such praises as are fit;which done, the company depart.And this is the form of that burial;
and for the whole time of the war, whensoever there was occasion, they observed the same.
For these first the man chosen to make the oration was Pericles the son of Xantippus, who, when the time served, going out of the place of burial into a high pulpit to be heard the farther off by the multitude about him, spake unto them in this manner:
The English works of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury. Thucydides. Thomas Hobbes. translator. London. Bohn. 1843.
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