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دفق

1 دَفَقَهُ دفق دفقه دفقة , aor. دَفُقَ (S, Msb, K, &c.) and دَفِقَ , (Jm, K,) inf. n. دَفْقٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) and by poetic license دَفَقٌ, (TA,) He poured it forth, or out: (S, K:) or he poured it forth, or out, with vehemence: (Mgh, Msb:) namely, water [&c.]. (S, Mgh, Msb.) And دُفِقَ المَآءُ The water poured out, or forth: one should not say دَفَقَ المَآءُ: (S:) or this last, aor. دَفُقَ , inf. n. دَفْقٌ, signifies the water poured forth, or out, with vehemence: but As disallowed its being used in an intrans. sense: (Msb:) [the forms of the verb commonly used intransitively are 7 and 5:] accord. to Lth, alone, (K,) i. e. in the 'Eyn, (TA,) دَفَقَ المآءُ, (K, TA,) and الدَّمْعُ, aor. دَفُقَ , (TA,) inf. n. دَفْقٌ and دُفُوقٌ, signify the water, (K, TA,) and the tears, (TA,) poured forth, or out, at once: (K. TA:) but Az disallows this. (TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] دَفَقَ ا@للّٰهُ رُوحَهُ (assumed tropical:) [God poured forth his spirit; i. e.] God caused him to die: (K:) or it means may he die. (S.) As says, I alighted at the abode of an Arab woman of the desert, and she said to a daughter of hers, Bring to him the drinking-bowl (العُسّ): and she brought me a drinking-bowl in which was milk, and spilled it; whereupon she said to her دَفَقَتْ مُهْجَتُكِ [May thy blood, or heart's blood, be poured forth: or, as appears from a statement above, the right reading is probably دُفِقَتْ]. (TA. [See also مُهْجَةٌ.]) ― -b3- One says also, of a river, or rivulet, and of a valley, دَفَقَ, [app. for دَفَقَ المَآءَ,] meaning, It became full so that the water poured forth, or overflowed, or so that it poured forth the water, from its sides. (TA.) ― -b4- And دَفَقَ الكُوزَ He poured forth, (JK,) or scattered, (K,) the contents of the mug at once; (JK, K;) as also ↓ ادفقهُ . (K.) ― -b5- The verb is also used transitively and intransitively in relation to a beast: you say, دَفَقْتُ الدَّابَّةَ (assumed tropical:) I made the beast to hasten, or go quickly: ― -b6- and دَفَقَتِ الدَّابَّةُ (assumed tropical:) The beast hastened, or went quickly: (Msb:) and [in like manner] one says of a quick camel, فِى مِشْيِهِيَتَدَفَّقُ (assumed tropical:) [He hastens, speeds, or presses forward, in his pace, or going]: and الأُتُنُتَدَفَّقَتِ The wild she-asses hastened, or went quickly. (TA.) -A2- دَفِقَ, [aor. دَفَقَ ,] (TA,) inf. n. دَفَقٌ, (JK, S, TA,) He (a camel) had his teeth standing outwards: (S, TA:) or had his elbows far apart from his sides. (JK. [See also رَفِقَ.]) 2 دَفَّقَ [دفّقهُ He poured it forth, or out, copiously, or abundantly; namely, water &c. See an ex. of the inf. n. used as a pass. part. n. voce دَحِيقٌ.] ― -b2- [Hence,] دَفَّقَتْ كَفَّاهُ النَّدَى, (S, K,) inf. n. تَدْفِيقٌ, (K,) His two hands poured forth largess (S, K) [copiously, or abundantly, for] it is with teshdeed to denote muchness. (S.) 4 أَدْفَقَ see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph. 5 تدفّق دفق تدفق i. q. تَصَبَّبَ (S, K) [meaning (as the former is explained in the KL) It poured forth or out, or became poured forth or out, copiously, or abundantly; for it is quasi-pass. of دَفَّقَهُ; though تَصَبَّبَ is said to be quasi-pass. of صَبَّهُ like اِنْصَبَّ, and though it is said in the TA that تدفّق is quasi-pass. of دَفَقَهُ like اندفق]. ― -b2- See also 1, latter part, in two places. ― -b3- [Hence,] هُوَ يَتَدَفَّقُ فِى البَاطِلِ (tropical:) He hastens to do that which is false, vain, or unprofitable. (TA.) ― -b4- And تدفّق حِلْمُهُ (tropical:) His forbearance, or clemency, departed. (TA.) 7 اندفق أندفق اندفق ٱندفق i. q. انصبّ [It poured forth or out, or became poured forth or out: see also دَفَقَ, which, if allowable, is less usual]. (S, K.) 10 استدفق الكُوزُ استدفق الكوز The mug had its contents poured forth or out (اِنْصَبَّ) at once. (TA.) دَفْقَةٌ دفق دفقه دفقة A single act of pouring forth or out [in any manner, or at once, (see 1,) or] with vehemence: pl. دَفَقَاتٌ. (Msb.) دُفْقَةٌ دفق دفقه دفقة A quantity poured forth or out (Msb) at once, like دُفْعَةٌ, (S and K in art. دفع, q. v.,) [or] with vehemence; (Msb;) of rain, [i. e. a shower, fall, or storm, as meaning the quantity that falls without intermission,] (S and Msb and K in art. دفع,) and [a gush] of blood, (Msb in that art.,) &c.: (S and Msb in that art.:) pl. دُفَقٌ and دُفَقَاتٌ and دُفُقَاتٌ and دُفْقَاتٌ. (Msb.) ― -b2- [Hence,] جَآءَ القَوْمُ دُفْقَةً وَاحِدَةً (tropical:) The party came at once, (S, K, * TA, *) or together. (Msb.) دِفَقٌّ دفق (assumed tropical:) Quick, swift, or fleet; applied to a hecamel; (JK, S, K;) as also ↓ أَدْفَقُ : (JK:) and so, applied to a she-camel, دِفَقَّةٌ (JK) and ↓ دِفَاقٌ , (JK, S, K,) which is likewise applied to a hecamel, (JK, TA,) and ↓ دُفَاقٌ (K) and ↓ دَفُوقٌ and ↓ دَفْقَآءُ (JK, TA) and ↓ دَيْفَقٌ (JK, K) and ↓ دِفِقَّى . (TA.) (assumed tropical:) A camel going in the manner termed دِفِقَّى; as also ↓ دِفَاقٌ . (K.) (assumed tropical:) And, applied to a horse, Fleet, or swift; as also ↓ دِفقٌّ : and so, applied to a mare, دِفَقَّةٌ and ↓ دَفوُقٌ and ↓ دِفَاقٌ and ↓ دِفَقَّى and ↓ دِفِقَّى . (K.) دِفِقٌّ دفق : see what next precedes. دِفَقَّى دفق دفقى دفقي : see دِفَقٌّ: and see also what next follows, in two places. دِفِقَّى دفق دفقى دفقي and ↓ دِفَقَّى (tropical:) A she-camel quick, swift, or fleet, and of generous race: or that has never brought forth. (K, TA.) See also, for the former, دِفَقٌّ, in two places. ― -b2- مَشَى الدِّفِقَّى, (K,) and ↓ الدِّفَقَّى , (TA, and so in copies of the S,) the latter on the authority of IAmb, (TA,) said of a man, (S,) (assumed tropical:) He walked, or went quickly, or swiftly: (S, K:) or he went with slow steps (تَمَشَّى), inclining at one time to one side and at another time to another side: or he went with wide steps, (K, TA,) and quickly. (TA.) And يَعْدُو الدِّفِقَّى (assumed tropical:) [He runs quickly: &c.]. (TA.) دُفَاقٌ دفاق , applied to a torrent, (S, O, L, K,) That fills the valley: (S, O:) or that fills the two sides of the valley: (L:) or swift. (K.) ― -b2- See also دِفَقٌّ. دِفَاقٌ دفاق : see دِفَقٌّ, in three places. دَفُوقٌ دفوق : see دِفَقٌّ, in two places. دَفَّاقٌ دفاق [Pouring forth, or out, copiously, or abundantly: or] extensive, and copious, or abundant, rain: applied also [in the former sense] to the mouth of a leathern water-bag: and to a river, or rivulet; and so ↓ مُدْفِقٌ . (TA.) دَافِقٌ دافق [act. part. n. of دَفَقَهُ; Pouring forth or out, &c.]. دَافِقُ خَيْرٍ [May it be pouring forth good] is said in prognostication on the occasion of the pouring forth of the contents of such a thing as a mug. (Lth, TA.) ― -b2- مَآءٌ دَافِقٌ means مَدْفُوقٌ [i. e. Water poured forth or out, &c.]; (IKoot, S, Msb, K;) because دَفَقَ is trans. [only] accord. to the generality (K, TA) of the leading lexicologists; (TA;) like سِرٌّ كَاتِمْ meaning مَكْتُومٌ, (IKoot, S, Msb,) and عَارِفٌ meaning مَعْرُوفٌ, and عَاصِمٌ meaning مَعْصُومٌ, (IKoot, Msb,) after a manner obtaining among the people of El-Hijáz, who change the مَفْعُولٌ into فَاعِل when it is used as an epithet: (Fr, Msb, TA:) or it means ذُو دَفْقٍ [having a pouring forth or out, &c.]; (Mgh, Msb, TA;) accord. to Kh and Sb (TA) and Zj; (Msb, TA;) and in like manner they say that سِرٌّ كَاتِمٌ means ذُو كِتْمَانٍ: or, accord. to Lth, [i. e.] in the 'Eyn, it means water pouring forth, or out, at once: (TA:) it occurs in the Kur lxxxvi. 6; where دَافِق is said by Kh and Sb to signify مُنْدَفِق [i. e. pouring forth or out]: (Az, TA:) and it [there] means the sperma genitale. (JK.) دَيْفَقٌ ديفق : see دِفَقٌّ. أَدْفَقُ ذ , and its fem. دَفْقَآءُ: see دِفَقٌّ. ― -b2- The former is also applied to a pace, or rate of going, as meaning Quick, or swift: (S, K:) or, accord. to AO, it means أَقْصَى العَنَقِ [the utmost of the pace called العَنَق]. (S, TA. [In my copies of the S, erroneously, العُنُقِ: in the TA without any vowel signs, app. because needless to any but the tyro in Arabic.]) -A2- Also, i. e. the former, A man bowed, or bent, (IAar, K,) in his back, (IAar,) by age or grief. (IAar, K.) ― -b2- And i. q. أَعْوَجُ [here meaning Oblique]: (Aboo-Málik, K:) applied to a هِلَال [or new moon]: (Aboo-Málik:) Aboo-Málik says that the هلال thus termed is better, or more auspicious, than that termed حَاقِنٌ, which means “ having its two extremities elevated, and its back decumbent: ” and AZ says the like: (TA:) [or] ادفق applied to a هلال signifies erect (مُسْتَوٍ [which must here mean nearly, not exactly, erect,] and white, not turning sideways upon one of its two extremities: (K:) [and this also is esteemed more auspicious than that termed حاقن, q. v.:] so in the “ Nawádir. ” (TA.) ― -b3- Also, applied to a camel, (S, K,) and to a mouth, (JK, TA,) Having the teeth standing out, or forwards: (JK, S, K:) or, applied to a camel, having the elbows far apart from the sides. (K. [See also أَرْفَقُ.]) مُدْفِقٌ مدفق : see دَفَّاقٌ.

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