فَرِحَ ذ , (S, A, L, Msb, K, &c.,) [aor. فَرَحَ ,] inf. n. فَرَحٌ, (S, * L, * Msb, &c.,) He rejoiced; was joyful, or glad; or was happy; (S, A, L, Msb, K, &c.;) syn. سُرَّ: (S, A, Msb, * &c.:) or he experienced a sensation of lightness in his heart: (Th, TA:) or his bosom became dilated with delight, or pleasure, of short continuance, transitory, or fleeting, not lasting, as is the case in bodily and worldly pleasures; فَرَحٌ differing from سُرُورٌ in the manner expl. below, though each is sometimes used as syn. with the other. (Er-Rághib, TA.) You say, فَرِحَ بِهِ He rejoiced, was joyful, or glad, or was happy, by reason of him, or it; syn. سُرَّ. (S, A, Msb. *) ― -b2- And He was, or became, well pleased, or content. ― -b3- And He exulted, or rejoiced above measure; or he exulted greatly, and behaved insolently and unthankfully, or ungratefully. (S, Msb, K.) The verb is used in this sense in the Kur xxviii. 76. (TA.) 2 فَرَّحَ see the paragraph here following. 4 افرحهُ ذ , (S, A, Msb, K,) inf. n. إِِفْرَاحٌ; (S;) and ↓ فرّحهُ , (Msb, K,) inf. n. تَفْرِيحٌ; (S;) He, or it, rejoiced him; gladdened him; made him joyful, or glad; or made him happy: (S, A, Msb, K:) [or occasioned him a sensation of lightness of heart: or made his bosom to become dilated with delight, or pleasure, of short continuance, transitory, or fleeting, not lasting, as is the case in bodily and worldly pleasures. See فَرَحٌ.] ― -b2- And He, or it, made him to be well pleased, or content. (Msb.) ― -b3- And He, or it, made him to exult, or rejoice above measure; or to exult greatly, and to behave insolently and unthankfully, or ungratefully. (Msb, K.) -A2- Also He, or it, grieved him; or made him unhappy; lit. deprived him of joy; or of happiness: like as أَشْكَاهُ signifies “ he made his complaint to cease. ” (L.) [Thus it has two contr. meanings.] ― -b2- And It (a debt, AA, S, TA, or a thing, TA) burdened him, burdened him heavily, or overburdened him. (AA, S, K, TA.) فَرَحٌ ذ [inf. n. of فَرِحَ, q. v.: as a simple subst.,] Joy, mirth, or gladness; or happiness; (S, L, Msb, K;) syn. سُرُورٌ; (Msb, K;) contr. of حُزْنٌ, (L,) and of تَرَحٌ: (S and A in art ترح:) or a sensation of lightness of the heart: (Th, TA:) or dilatation of the bosom with delight, or pleasure, of short continuance, transitory, or fleeting, not lasting, as is the case in bodily and worldly pleasures; whereas سُرُورٌ is dilatation of the bosom with delight, or pleasure, wherein is quiet or tranquillity or rest of mind, of short or of long continuance; but each is sometimes used as syn. with the other. (Er-Rághib, TA.) ― -b2- And A state of being well pleased, or content, with a thing. (Msb.) ― -b3- And Exultation, or a rejoicing above measure; or a state of exulting greatly, and behaving insolently and unthankfully, or ungratefully. (S, Msb, K.) ― -b4- [Also A festivity, or merry-making; particularly, as used in the present day, on the occasion of a marriage. ― -b5- Pl. أَفْرَاحٌ.] ― -b6- In the saying of Muteea Ibn-Iyás, “ قَدْ ظَفِرَ الحُزْنُ بِالسُّرُورِ وَقَدْ
أُدِيلَ مَكْرُوهُنَا مِنَ الفَرَحِ
” [Sorrow, or sadness, has overcome happiness, and the object of our dislike, or hatred, has been given a turn to prevail over the object of our love], by مِنَ الفَرَحِ he means مِنَ المَفْرُوحِ بِهِ, i. e. المَحْبُوبِ. (Ham p. 391.) فَرُحٌ ذ : see the paragraph here following. فَرِحٌ ذ and ↓ فَرْحَانُ (Msb, K) and ↓ فَرُحٌ , as in some copies of the K and in the L and other lexicons, or ↓ فَرُوحٌ , as in other copies and mentioned by IJ, (TA,) and ↓ فَارِحٌ and ↓ مَفْرُوحٌ , (K,) the last mentioned by IJ; (TA;) fem. [of the first] فَرِحَةٌ and [of the second] فَرْحَى (Msb, K) and فَرْحَانَةٌ, (K,) but of the correctness of this last ISd was not certain: (TA:) pl. [of the first] فَرِحُونَ (S, Msb) and [of the second] فَرَاحَى and فَرْحَى: (K, TA:) Rejoicing, joyful, or glad; or happy: (Msb, K:) [or experiencing a sensation of lightness in the heart: or having the bosom dilated with delight, or pleasure, of short continuance, transitory, or fleeting, not lasting, as is the case in bodily and worldly pleasures. See فَرَحٌ.] Hence, in the Kur [iii. 164], فَرِحِينَ بِمَا آتَاهُمُ ا@للّٰهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ [Rejoicing by reason of that which God has given them of his bounty]. (Msb.) ― -b2- And Well pleased, or content: whence, in the Kur [xxiii. 55 and xxx. 31], كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ [Every sect is well pleased, or content, with that religion which it has]. (Msb.) ― -b3- And Exulting, or rejoicing above measure; or exulting greatly, and behaving insolently and unthankfully, or ungratefully: (S, Msb, K:) whence, in the Kur [xxviii. 76], إِِنَّ ا@للّٰهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الفَرِحِينَ [Verily God does not love those who exult, or rejoice above measure; &c.]. (S, Msb.) فَرْحَةٌ ذ [A joy, or gladness; or a happiness]: see an ex. voce تَرْحَةٌ. ― -b2- See also the next paragraph, in two places. فُرْحَةٌ ذ A cause of joy or gladness, or of happiness; a thing whereby one is made joyful or glad, or happy; as also ↓ فَرْحَةٌ ; syn. مَسَرَّةٌ. (K.) ― -b2- And A thing that thou givest to him that rejoices thee; (L, K;) a recompense that thou givest him; (L;) [as also ↓ فَرْحَةٌ ; for] you say, لَكَ عِنْدِى فَرْحَةٌ إِِنْ بَشَّرْتَنِى, (S, A, [in one of my copies of the S أَىْ بَشَّرْتَنِى, as though this were an explanation, but the former is the right reading,]) and فُرْحَةٌ, (S,) meaning بُشْرَى [i. e. There is for thee, with me, a gift for announcing a joyful event, if thou announce to me such an event]. (A.) فَرْحَانُ ذ ; fem. فَرْحَى, and accord. to the K فَرْحَانَةٌ also: see فَرِحٌ. فَرْحَانَةٌ ذ White كَمْأَة [or truffles]: (K:) from Kr: but ISd states the word transmitted to him to be with ق [i. e. قُرْحَانٌ, of which قُرْحَانَةٌ is mentioned as a n. un.]. (L, TA.) فَرُوحٌ ذ : see فَرِحٌ. فَارِحٌ ذ : see فَرِحٌ. مُفْرَحٌ ذ A man burdened, or burdened heavily, or overburdened, by debt, (A'Obeyd, S, TA,) or by a fine, or the like, and unable to pay it: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or needy, or in want; overcome; and poor: (K:) or poor, possessing no property: (TA:) one who is not known to have any kinsfolk or near relations; (K, TA;) but in a trad. in which it occurs in this sense as related by some, it is, as others relate the trad., with ج; and so in the sense next following: (TA:) and a slain person found between two towns or villages. (K.) In the trad. in which it is said لاَ يُتْرَكُ فِى الإِِسْلَامِ مُفْرَحٌ it has the first of the significations mentioned above accord. to A'Obeyd [i. e. the saying means One who is burdened, or burdened heavily, or overburdened, by debt, &c., shall not be left unbefriended among the Muslims]. (TA.) And in the writing that the Apostle of God wrote [as a covenant] between the Muhájirs and the Ansár were the words, لاَيَتْرُكُوا مُفْرَحاً حَتَّى يُعِينُوهُ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْ عَقْلٍ أَوْ فِدَآءٍ, in which مُفْرَحاً means مَفْدُوحاً, (Ez-Zuhree, As, S,) i. e. [They shall not leave] one who is burdened, or burdened heavily, or overburdened, by debt, [until they aid him to acquit himself of what has become incumbent on him, of a bloodwit or a ransom,] meaning that his debt shall be paid for him from the treasury of the state: so says As; and he disallowed the saying [in this case] مُفْرَجٌ, [q. v.,] with ج. (S.) مُفْرِحٌ ذ A thing that makes joyful or glad, or that makes happy: (T, L:) [and بِهِ ↓ مَفْرُوحٌ a thing by which one is made joyful or glad, or by which one is made happy:] one says, مَا يَسُرُّنِى بِهِ مُفْرِحٌ, (As, T, S, L,) and بِهِ ↓ مَفْرُوحٌ , for which one should not say مَفْرُوحٌ [alone], (As, S,) [i. e. Nothing that makes joyful &c., and by which one is made joyful &c., renders me happy by means of it,] relating to an affair, or event. (S.) [See also فُرْحَةٌ.] مُفَرِّحٌ ذ A certain well-known [exhilarating] medicine; (S, K;) a certain medicine which is given to drink to him who is in grief, and in consequence of which he becomes happy; thus called by the physicians, and by others called سُلْوَانٌ. (S in art. سلو.) مِفْرَاحٌ ذ One who rejoices much, or often: (K:) or one who rejoices [app. much] whenever fortune renders him happy. (S.) مَفْرُوحٌ ذ : see مُفْرِحٌ, in two places: -A2- and see فَرِحٌ.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.