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Ὑστάσπης; in Persian, Goshtasp, Gustasp, Histasp, or Wistasp).

1. The son of Arsames, and father of Dareius I., was a member of the Persian royal house of the Achaemenidae. He was satrap of Persis under Cambyses, and probably under Cyrus also. He accompanied Cyrus on his expedition against the Massagetae; but he was sent back to Persis, to keep watch over his eldest son Dareius, whom Cyrus, in consequence of a dream, suspected of meditating treason. [DAREIUS.] Besides Dareius, Hystaspes had two sons, Artabanus and Artanes. (Hdt. 1.209, 210, 3.70, 4.83, 7.224.) Ammianus Marcellinus (23.6) makes him a chief of the Magians, and tells a story of his studying in India under the Brahmins. His name occurs in the inscriptions at Persepolis. (Grotefend, Beilage zu Heeren's Ideen.

hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (6):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.209
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.70
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.224
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.210
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.83
    • Ammianus Marcellinus, Rerum Gestarum, 23.6
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