; in Persian, Goshtasp, Gustasp, Histasp, or Wistasp).
1. The son of Arsames, and father of Dareius I., was a member of the Persian royal house of the Achaemenidae.
He was satrap of Persis under Cambyses, and probably under Cyrus also.
He accompanied Cyrus on his expedition against the Massagetae; but he was sent back to Persis, to keep watch over his eldest son Dareius, whom Cyrus, in consequence of a dream, suspected of meditating treason. [DAREIUS.] Besides Dareius, Hystaspes had two sons, Artabanus and Artanes. (Hdt. 1.209
.) Ammianus Marcellinus (23.6
) makes him a chief of the Magians, and tells a story of his studying in India under the Brahmins. His name occurs in the inscriptions at Persepolis. (Grotefend, Beilage zu Heeren's Ideen.