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1 جَبُنَ جاب جبن جبنن , (S, Msb, K,) aor. جَبُنَ , inf. n. جُبْنٌ (Msb, K) and جُبُنٌ (K) and جَبَانَةٌ; (Msb, K;) and جَبَنَ, (S, ISd, Msb,) aor. جَبُنَ ; (Msb, TA;) He (a man) was, or became, such as is termed جَبَان (S, Msb, K) and جَبِين; (S, K;) i. e. cowardly, (K,) or weak hearted. (Msb.) And جَبُنَ عَنْهُ He held back, or refrained, from him, or it, through cowardice. (TA in art. عرس.) 2 جبَنهُ جاب جبن جبنه جبننه جبنة , inf. n. تَجْبِينٌ, He attributed to him cowardice (جُبْن). (S.) And هُوَ يُجَبَّنُ, inf. n. as above, He is accused of cowardice. (K.) 4 اجبنهُ أجاب أجبن أجبنه أجبنة اجبنه اجبنة جبن He found him to be such as is termed جَبَان; (S, Msb, K;) i. e. a coward, or cowardly, (K,) or weak-hearted: (Msb:) or he reckoned him a coward; (M, K;) as also ↓ اجتبنهُ . (K.) 5 تجبّن أجاب جاب جبن تجبن تجبنن وجب It (milk) became like جُبْن [i. e. cheese]. (K.) ― -b2- And hence, perhaps, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He (a man) became thick, gross, coarse, or big. (S, TA.) 8 اجتبنهُ اجتبنه اجتبنة He made cheese of it; i. e. of milk. (T, K.) -A2- See also 4. جُبْنٌ جاب جبن جبنن and ↓ جُبُنٌ and ↓ جُبُنٌّ , (S, Msb, K,) the first of which is the most approved, and the last the most rare, and said by some to be used only in a case of necessity in poetry, (Lth, Msb,) [Cheese;] a certain thing that is eaten, (S, Msb,) well known: (K:) n. un. جُبْنَةٌ, (TA,) a word having a more particular signification than جُبْنٌ, (S,) meaning a قُرص [or round, flattened, loaf] thereof, (Mgh,) [or a cheese, or piece of cheese,] as also جُبُنَةٌ (TA) and جُبُنَّةٌ. (S, TA.) -A2- Also جُبْنٌ and ↓ جُبُنٌ , [inf. ns. of جَبُنَ, used as simple substs.,] Cowardice; weak-heartedness;] the quality denoted by جَبَانٌ. (S.) جُبُنٌ جاب جبن جبنن : see جُبْنٌ, in two places. جُبُنٌّ جاب جبن جبنن : see جُبْنٌ. جُبْنِىٌّ جب جبن جبنى جبني A seller of جُبْن [i. e. cheese]. (TA.) ― -b2- And a rel. n. from سُوقُ الجُبْنِ [The cheesemarket] in Damascus. (K.) جَبَانٌ جب جبان , (S, Msb, K,) an epithet from جَبَنَ, (S,) applied to a man and to a woman, (S, Msb, K,) in the latter case like حَصَانٌ and رَزَانٌ, (Ibn-EsSarráj, S,) and with ة also applied to a woman; (M, Msb, K;) and ↓ جَبينٌ , (S, K,) from جَبُنَ, (S,) applied to a man and to a woman; and ↓ جَبَّانٌ ; (K;) A coward; or cowardly; i. e. wont to dread things, so as not to venture upon them boldly, (K, TA,) by night or by day; (TA;) weak-hearted: (Msb:) جَبَانٌ is contr. of شُجَاعٌ: (Msb in art. شجع:) pl. masc. جُبَنَآءُ, (Msb, K,) [properly of جَبِينٌ] and fem. جَبَانَاتٌ. (Lth, Msb, TA.) هُوَ جَبَانُ الكَلْبِ [He is one whose dog is cowardly,] means (tropical:) he is extremely generous: (K, TA:) because, by reason of guests' coming to him, his dog does not growl. (TA.) And you say, فُلَانٌ شُجَاعُ القَلْبِ جَبَانُ الوَجْهِ (tropical:) [app. meaning Such a one is courageous in heart, mild in face]. (TA. [Expl. by اجنى الوجه, which seems to be a mistranscription.]) جَبِينٌ جب جبى جبين : see جَبَانٌ. -A2- Also The part above the temple, on the right of the forehead, and on the left thereof; the two being called جَبِينَانِ: (S:) the side of the forehead, [so Bd in xxxvii. 103,] from the part over against the place where the hair falls off, to the temple, on the right of the forehead, and on the left thereof: so say Az and IF and others: the forehead (الجَبْتَة) is between the جَبِينَانِ: (Msb:) or the جَبِينَانِ are the two borders of the forehead, on either side thereof, in the part between the two eyebrows (فِيمَا بَيْنَ الحَاجِبَيْنِ [so in the copies of the K, a mistake for فيما يَلِى الحاجبين in the part next to the two eyebrows]), rising to the place where the growth of the hair terminates: (K:) or between the place where the growth of the hair terminates and the eyebrows: (TA:) or the جبين is the borders (in the T, the border, TA) of the forehead, between the two temples, uniting with the نَاصِيَة [or place where the hair grows in the fore part of the head, or the hair of that part]: (K, TA:) and it sometimes occurs as meaning the forehead: (MF, TA:) [see an ex. voce تَرِبَ, where it is used in this last sense, and is fem., perhaps because syn. with جَبْهَة, for] Lh says that it is always masc.: (TA:) pl. [of mult.] جُبُنٌ and [of pauc.] أَجْبِنَةٌ (Msb, K) and أَجْبُنٌ. (K.) جَبَّانٌ جب جبان : see جَبَانٌ. -A2- Also One who keeps, or guards, the produce of land in the desert. (TA.) -A3- See also what next follows. جَبَّانَةٌ جبان جبانه جبانة (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and ↓ جَبَّانٌ , (S, Msb, K,) the former of which is the more common, (Msb,) A place of prayer, (Msb,) or common place of prayer, (Mgh,) in a صَحْرَآء [or desert tract]. (Mgh, Msb.) ― -b2- A burial-ground: (K:) this is sometimes called جبّانة because the place of prayer is generally in the burial-ground: (Msb:) accord. to Kh, these two words, in this sense, are from الجَبُّ and الجَبُوبُ; but others derive them from جبن. (TA in art. جب.) ― -b3- A [desert tract such as is termed] صَحْرَآء. (S, K.) ― -b4- A place that produces much herbage: and level, elevated land: (AHn, K:) or the latter, level, elevated land, that produces much herbage: (Aboo-Kheyreh, TA:) accord. to ISh, it is smooth, without trees; but it may have in it hills, and a tract abounding with trees: and sometimes the جبّانة is level, without hills and without any tract abounding with trees; but it is not in sand nor in mountains, though it may be in [high grounds such as are termed] قِفَاف [pl. of قُفٌّ] and in [what are termed] شَقَائِق [pl. of شَقِيقَةٌ]. (TA.) جَبّانِىٌّ جب جبان جبانى جباني جبانيي جبى A dweller in the جَبَّان, meaning صَحْرَآء. (TA.) أَجْبَنُ ذ [More, and most, cowardly, or weakhearted]. (TA.) You say أَجْبَنُ مِنْ صَافِرٍ, i. e. [More cowardly] than a whistling bird: (S in art. صفر:) or, as some say, than a thief. (TA in that art. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 326.]) مَجْبَنَةٌ مجبنه مجبنة [A cause of cowardice, or weak-heartedness]. One says, الوَلَدُ مَجْبَنَةٌ مَبْخَلَةٌ [Children are a cause of cowardice and a cause of niggardliness]; because one loves continuance of life, and property, on account of them. (S, TA.)

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