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جَثَمَ جاثم جثم , aor. جَثِمَ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جَثُمَ , (S, K,) inf. جُثُومٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and جَثْمٌ, (K,) said of a bird, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) and of a hare, and sometimes of a gazelle, (Msb,) or of a [young gazelle such as is termed] خَشْف, (K,) and of a camel, (Msb, K,) and a jerboa, (K,) and a man, (S, K,) He clave to the ground: (S, K:) or kept to his place, not quitting it: (K:) or fell upon his breast: (Msb, * K:) جُثُومٌ in the case of a bird and a hare is like بُرُوكٌ in the case of a camel: (Msb:) or in the case of a bird it is like جُلُوسٌ in the case of a man [so that the verb means he sat]. (Mgh.) ― -b2- Also, (K,) aor. جَثِمَ , (TA,) said of seed-produce, It rose a little from the ground. (K, * TA.) ― -b3- Also, (AHn, K,) aor. جَثُمَ , (AHn, TA,) inf. n. جُثُومٌ, said of a raceme of a palm-tree, Its unripe, or ripening, dates became somewhat large: (AHn, K: *) or it became large, and kept its place. (T, TA.) ― -b4- Also, inf. n. جُثُومٌ, said of the night, (assumed tropical:) It became half spent. (Th, K, TA.) -A2- جَثَمَ also signifies He collected clay, or mould, and earth, or dust, and ashes. (K.) 2 جثّم جاثم جثم , (S, Mgh,) inf. n. تَجْثِيمٌ, (KL,) [He made a bird, and a hare, and the like, to cleave to the ground, then to be shot at, or cast at, and so killed: see مُجَثَّةٌ:] he kept, or held, a bird confined, that it might [be shot at, or cast at, and] die: (KL:) he turned an animal on his side to be slaughtered. (Golius, as from the KL, but not in my copy of that work.) 5 تجثّم جثم تجثم He (a bird) mounted his female for the purpose of copulation. (TA.) جَثْمٌ جاثم جثم Seed-produce rising a little from the ground; as also ↓ جَثَمٌ . (K, * TA.) ― -b2- A raceme of a palm-tree having its unripe, or ripening, dates becoming somewhat large. (K, * TA.) جَثَمٌ جاثم جثم : see the next preceding paragraph. جُثَمٌ جاثم جثم : see جَثَّامَةٌ: ― -b2- and جُثَامٌ. جَثْمَةٌ جاثم جثم جثمه جثمة : see جُثُومٌ. جُثْمَةٌ جاثم جثم جثمه جثمة Clay, or mould, and earth, or dust, and ashes, collected. (K.) جَثَمَةٌ جاثم جثم جثمه جثمة : see جُثُومٌ. جُثَمَةٌ جاثم جثم جثمه جثمة : see جَثَّامَةٌ: ― -b2- and جُثَامٌ. جُثْمَانٌ جثمان The body, with the limbs or members; syn. جِسْمٌ: and i. q. شَخْصٌ [app. as meaning a person; not, as J seems to have held, a corporeal, or material, form or thing or substance, such as is seen from a distance; see جِسْمٌ]: (K:) or, accord. to As, it has the latter meaning, i. q. شَخْصٌ; and جُسْمَانٌ has the former meaning, that of جِسْمٌ (S, Msb) and جَسَدٌ: (Msb:) or, accord. to AZ, جُثْمَانٌ is syn. with جُسْمَانٌ, (S, Msb,) i. e. جَسَدٌ. (S.) One says, مَا أَحْسَنَ جُثْمَانَ الرَّجُلِ and جُسْمَانَهُ, meaning [How goodly, or beautiful, is] the body, or person, of the man ! (AZ, S.) J cites, as an ex. of this word in the sense of شخص, from a verse of Bishr, “ سَنَامٌ كَجُثْمَانِ البَنِيِّةِ أَتْلَعَا
” observing that by البنيّة is meant the Kaabeh: but IB says that the right reading, as found in his poetry, is البَلِيَّةِ, and أَتْلَعُ; and that the meaning is, A [long] hump like the جثمان [or body] of the she-camel that is placed [and confined without food or water until she dies] at the grave of a dead man. (TA.) One says also, جَآءَنَا بِثَرِيدٍ كَجُثْمَانِ المَآءِ [He brought us crumbled bread moistened with broth and piled up, like the body of the bird of the kind called قَطًا]. (S.) جُثْمَانِيَّةُ المَآءِ جثمانية المآء , as used in the saying of ElFarajeeyeh, (K,) so in the copies of the K, [or El-Faraheeyeh, accord. to the CK,] but correctly of El-Farezdak, (TA,) “ وَبَاتَتْ بِجُثْمَانِيَّةِ المَآءِ نِيبُهَا
إِِلَى ذَاتِ رَحْلٍ كَا@لْمَآتِمِ حُسَّرَا
” means The water itself: or the middle thereof: or the place where it collected. (K TA.) [The poet says, And her aged she-camels passed the night in the water, &c., . . . . like the companies of mourning women having the head, or the face, &c., uncovered: but what is meant by الي ذات رحل, unless it be with one having a saddle upon her, إِِلَى being sometimes used in the sense of مَعَ I am unable to conjecture. In the CK, نَيْبَها and كالمٰاثِمِ are erroneously put for نِيبُهَا and كَالمَآتِمِ.] جُثَامٌ جثام Incubus, or nightmare; (T, K;) what comes upon a man when he is sleeping; (T, TA;) what comes upon a man in the night, preventing him from speaking; i. q. نَيْدُلَانٌ; (IAar, TA;) as also ↓ جَاثُومٌ (T, K) and ↓ جَثَّامَةٌ and ↓ جُثَمٌ and ↓ جُثَمَةٌ . (T, TA.) جَثُومٌ جثوم : see جَاثِمٌ. ― -b2- Hence, (assumed tropical:) A hare. (TA.) جُثُومٌ جثوم pl. of جاثِمٌ [q. v.]. (TA.) -A2- Also A hill such as is called أَكَمَةٌ; and so ↓ جَثَمَةٌ (K) and ↓ جَثْمَةٌ (TA.) جَثَّامٌ جثام : see جَاثِمٌ. جَثَّامَةٌ جثام جثامه جثامة : see جَاثِمٌ. ― -b2- Hence, (tropical:) A man who keeps to the region of cities, towns, villages, or cultivated land, and does not travel: (Msb:) a man who sleeps much, and does not travel; as also ↓ جُثَمَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ جُثَمٌ and ↓ جَاثُومٌ : (K:) [see also جَاثِمَةٌ:] stupid, dull, wanting in intelligence; or not penetrating, sharp, vigorous, or effective, in the performing of affairs: and a forbearing, or clement, personage, chief, or man of rank or quality. (K.) ― -b3- See also جُثَامٌ. جَاثِمٌ جاثم A bird, (Msb, K,) and a hare, and sometimes a gazelle, (Msb,) or a [young gazelle such as is termed] خِشْف, (K,) and a camel, (Msb, K,) and a jerboa, and a man, (K,) cleaving to the ground: or keeping to his place, not quitting it: (K:) or falling upon his breast: (Msb, * K:) as also ↓ جَثُومٌ : (K:) [or the latter] and ↓ جَثَّامٌ doing so much, or often: and ↓ جَثَّامَةٌ doing so very much, or very often: (Msb:) and the first, also, sitting upon his legs like a bird: pl. جُثُومٌ (TA) [and جُثَّمٌ, accord. to Freytag]. فَأَصْبَحُوا فِى دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ ذ , in the Kur [vii. 76, &c.], means [And they became, in their abode,] bodies cast upon the ground: (TA:) or extinct, or motionless; and dead. (Bd.) ― -b2- الجُثثومُ (tropical:) The stars composing the constellation of the Scorpion; also called البُرُكُ: see بَرْكْ. (L and TA in art. برك.) جَاثِمَةٌ جاثم جاثمه جاثمة One who does not quit his house, or tent. (Lth, TA.) [See also جَثَّامَةٌ.] جَاثُوُمٌ جاثوم جثام : see جَثَّامَةٌ: ― -b2- and جُثَامٌ. مَجْثَمٌ مجثم [and مَجْثِمٌ A place where a bird, &c., cleaves to the ground: or to which it keeps: or where it falls upon its breast. And particularly,] The seat, or form, of a hare: (TA:) [pl. مَجَاثِمُ.] مُجَثَّمَةٌ 1 A bird, and a hare, and the like, that is confined or set up, to be killed; (A'Obeyd, S, Mgh;) that is made to cleave to the ground (تُجَثَّمُ), and then shot at, or cast at, until it is killed; (S, Mgh;) which manner of killing is forbidden: (S:) or any animal that is set up and shot at, or cast at, and [so] killed: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or a sheep, or goat, that is shot at with arrows: ('Ikrimeh, Mgh:) or a sheep, or goat, that is stoned (Sh, Mgh, TA) until it dies, and is then eaten. (TA.)
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