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معز

1 مَعِزَ الشَّىْءُ ذ , [and مَعِزَتِ الأَرْضُ, accord. to the explanation of the inf. n. in the S,] aor. مَعَزَ , (TK,) inf. n. مَعَزٌ, (S, K, TK,) The thing [and the ground] was, or became, hard. (S, * K, * TK.) -A2- مَعِزَ said of a man: see 4. -A3- مَعَزْتُ المِعْزَى, وَضَأَنْتُ الضَّأْنَ, aor. مَعَزَ , I set apart the goats from the sheep. (K.) 4 امعز ذ He, (a man, A,) or it, (a people, S,) became abundant in goats; his or its, goats became abundant, or numerous; (S, A, K;) as also, ↓ مَعِزَ , aor. مَعَزَ , (K,) inf. n. مَعَزٌ. (TK.) مَعْزٌ ذ , and ↓ مَعَزٌ , (S, A, Msb, K,) gen. ns., (S, Msb,) [or rather quasi-pl. ns., signifying Goats;] the kind of غَنَم opposed to ضَأْنٌ; (S, A, K;) the kind of عَنَم that have hair; (Msb, TA;) the ضأْن being those that have wool; (TA;) as also ↓ مِعْزًى , (S, Msb, K,) accord. to Sb, (S,) with tenween, (S, Msb,) when indeterminate, (Msb,) and perfectly decl., (S,) the ا [which is written ى] being a letter of quasicoördination, not a characteristic of the fem. gender, (S, Msb,) for the word is quasi-coördinate to دِرْهَمٌ, of the measure فِعْلَلٌ; for the ا of quasi-coördination follows the same rules as a letter belonging to the word itself, as is shown by their saying ↓ مُعَيْزٍ and أُرَيْطٍ [originally مُعَيْزِىٌ and أُرَيْطِىٌ] as the dim. forms of مِعْزًى and أَرْطًى with tenween, the letter next after the ى of diminution being with kesr, like as they say دُرَيْهِمٌ; for if the ا were to denote the fem. gender they would not change it into ى [in مُعَيْزِىٌ, the original form of مُعَيْزٍ,] like as they do not change it in the dims. of حُبْلَى and أَخْرَى [which are حُبَيْلَى and أُخَيْزَى]: (S:) it is sometimes made fem., [by being written or pronounced مِعْزَاةٌ,] and sometimes it is made imperfectly decl. [and therefore without tenween]: (K:) Fr says, that it is [itself] fem., but that some make it masc. [and therefore with tenween]: but A 'Obeyd says, that most of the Arabs pronounce ذِفْرَى without tenween, while some of them pronounce it with tenween, whereas all of them pronounce مِعْزًى with tenween: (S:) IAar says, that it is perfectly decl. when likened to the measure مِفْعَلٌ, and imperfectly decl. when held to accord. with the measure فِعْلَى: (TA:) accord. to Aboo-'Amr, Ibn-El-'Alà, it is from مَعَزٌ, [inf. n. of مَعِزَ,] and in like manner ذِفْرَى is from ذَفَرٌ: (As, S:) ↓ مَعِيزٌ also signifies the same as مَعْزٌ, (S, A, K,) or is pl. of مَعْزٌ, [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] like as عَبِيدٌ is of عَبْدٌ; (Msb;) and ↓ أُمْعُوزٌ also is syn. with مَعْزٌ, (S, K,) and so are ↓ مِعَازٌ (K) and ↓ مِعْزَآءٌ : (Sgh, K:) [respecting أُمْعُوزٌ, see also below:] مَعْزٌ [as well as its syns. mentioned above, like all quasi-pl. ns., is sometimes masc., but generally] is fem.: (Msb:) a male is called ↓ مَاعِزٌ , (S, A, Msb, K,) and so a female; (Msb, K;) or a female is called ↓ مَاعِزَةٌ (S, A, TA) [and ↓ مَعْزَةٌ (M, voce شَرْقَآءُ)] and ↓ مِعْزَاة ; (TA;) and شَاةٌ [or rather شَاةٌ مِنَ المَعْزِ] is also used as a sing., (Msb,) and is applied to a male and to a female: (Msb, art. شوه:) [see also ظَبْىٌ:] أَمْعُزٌ is a pl. [of pauc.] of مَعْزٌ, like as أَعْبُدٌ is of عَبْدٌ: (Msb:) the pl. of ↓ مَاعِزٌ , (K,) or of مَاعِزَةٌ, (S,) is مَوَاعِزُ; (S, K;) and ↓ مِعَازٌ and ↓ أُمْعُوزٌ are said to be quasi-pl. ns. (TA.) The goats of the Arabs of the desert have short hair, not long enough to be spun; but the goats of the cold countries, and of the people of the fertile regions, have abundant hair, and of this the Akrád [or Kurds] fabricate their tents. (T in art. بنى.) See also تَدْمُرِىٌّ in art. دمر; and see ضَائِنٌ in art. ضأن. مَعْزَةٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزًى ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزَآءٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزَاةٌ ذ a fem. sing. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (TA.) مِعَازٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مَعِيزٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مُعَيْزٍ ذ dim. of مِعْزْى, syn. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (Sb, S.) مَعَّازٌ ذ A possessor, or master, of مِعْزًى [or goats]. (S, K.) مَاعِزٌ ذ and مَاعِزَةٌ sings. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (S, K. *) ― -b2- The former also signifies Goats' skin. (S, K.) أَمْعَزُ ذ , and its fem. مَعْزَآءُ, applied respectively to a place (مَكَانٌ) and to land or ground (أَرْضٌ), (tropical:) Hard, (S, K,) and abounding with pebbles: (S:) or both, [used as substs.,] rugged and stony ground: (A:) or a place abounding with pebbles, and hard: or the latter, small pebbles: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) thus A 'Obeyd explains a sing. as having a pl. signification: (TA:) or the latter, a desert, (صَحْرَآء) in which is elevation and ruggedness, consisting of soil, or clay, and pebbles, mixed together, but hard ground, rough to the tread: (ISh, TA:) pl. مُعْزٌ, (K,) [a pl. of each as an epithet, or of each used as a subst.,] because imagined to have the character of an epithet; (TA;) and أَمَاعِزُ, [a pl. of the former,] because the character of a subst. predominates in it; and مَعْزَاوَاتٌ, a pl. of the latter. (TA.) أُمْعُوزٌ ذ : see its syn. مَعْزٌ. ― -b2- It also signifies, (K,) or is said to signify, (S,) A herd of gazelles, (S, K,) in number from thirty to forty; (S, TA;) or from thirty upwards: or a number of buckgazelles collected together: (TA:) or a number of أَوْعَال [or mountain-goats] collected together: (A, K:) or of اوعال such as are termed ثَيَاتِل: (Az, TA:) pl. أَمَاعِيزُ and أَمَاعِزُ. (K.)

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