previous next


1 مَعِزَ الشَّىْءُ ذ , [and مَعِزَتِ الأَرْضُ, accord. to the explanation of the inf. n. in the S,] aor. مَعَزَ , (TK,) inf. n. مَعَزٌ, (S, K, TK,) The thing [and the ground] was, or became, hard. (S, * K, * TK.) -A2- مَعِزَ said of a man: see 4. -A3- مَعَزْتُ المِعْزَى, وَضَأَنْتُ الضَّأْنَ, aor. مَعَزَ , I set apart the goats from the sheep. (K.) 4 امعز ذ He, (a man, A,) or it, (a people, S,) became abundant in goats; his or its, goats became abundant, or numerous; (S, A, K;) as also, ↓ مَعِزَ , aor. مَعَزَ , (K,) inf. n. مَعَزٌ. (TK.) مَعْزٌ ذ , and ↓ مَعَزٌ , (S, A, Msb, K,) gen. ns., (S, Msb,) [or rather quasi-pl. ns., signifying Goats;] the kind of غَنَم opposed to ضَأْنٌ; (S, A, K;) the kind of عَنَم that have hair; (Msb, TA;) the ضأْن being those that have wool; (TA;) as also ↓ مِعْزًى , (S, Msb, K,) accord. to Sb, (S,) with tenween, (S, Msb,) when indeterminate, (Msb,) and perfectly decl., (S,) the ا [which is written ى] being a letter of quasicoördination, not a characteristic of the fem. gender, (S, Msb,) for the word is quasi-coördinate to دِرْهَمٌ, of the measure فِعْلَلٌ; for the ا of quasi-coördination follows the same rules as a letter belonging to the word itself, as is shown by their saying ↓ مُعَيْزٍ and أُرَيْطٍ [originally مُعَيْزِىٌ and أُرَيْطِىٌ] as the dim. forms of مِعْزًى and أَرْطًى with tenween, the letter next after the ى of diminution being with kesr, like as they say دُرَيْهِمٌ; for if the ا were to denote the fem. gender they would not change it into ى [in مُعَيْزِىٌ, the original form of مُعَيْزٍ,] like as they do not change it in the dims. of حُبْلَى and أَخْرَى [which are حُبَيْلَى and أُخَيْزَى]: (S:) it is sometimes made fem., [by being written or pronounced مِعْزَاةٌ,] and sometimes it is made imperfectly decl. [and therefore without tenween]: (K:) Fr says, that it is [itself] fem., but that some make it masc. [and therefore with tenween]: but A 'Obeyd says, that most of the Arabs pronounce ذِفْرَى without tenween, while some of them pronounce it with tenween, whereas all of them pronounce مِعْزًى with tenween: (S:) IAar says, that it is perfectly decl. when likened to the measure مِفْعَلٌ, and imperfectly decl. when held to accord. with the measure فِعْلَى: (TA:) accord. to Aboo-'Amr, Ibn-El-'Alà, it is from مَعَزٌ, [inf. n. of مَعِزَ,] and in like manner ذِفْرَى is from ذَفَرٌ: (As, S:) ↓ مَعِيزٌ also signifies the same as مَعْزٌ, (S, A, K,) or is pl. of مَعْزٌ, [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] like as عَبِيدٌ is of عَبْدٌ; (Msb;) and ↓ أُمْعُوزٌ also is syn. with مَعْزٌ, (S, K,) and so are ↓ مِعَازٌ (K) and ↓ مِعْزَآءٌ : (Sgh, K:) [respecting أُمْعُوزٌ, see also below:] مَعْزٌ [as well as its syns. mentioned above, like all quasi-pl. ns., is sometimes masc., but generally] is fem.: (Msb:) a male is called ↓ مَاعِزٌ , (S, A, Msb, K,) and so a female; (Msb, K;) or a female is called ↓ مَاعِزَةٌ (S, A, TA) [and ↓ مَعْزَةٌ (M, voce شَرْقَآءُ)] and ↓ مِعْزَاة ; (TA;) and شَاةٌ [or rather شَاةٌ مِنَ المَعْزِ] is also used as a sing., (Msb,) and is applied to a male and to a female: (Msb, art. شوه:) [see also ظَبْىٌ:] أَمْعُزٌ is a pl. [of pauc.] of مَعْزٌ, like as أَعْبُدٌ is of عَبْدٌ: (Msb:) the pl. of ↓ مَاعِزٌ , (K,) or of مَاعِزَةٌ, (S,) is مَوَاعِزُ; (S, K;) and ↓ مِعَازٌ and ↓ أُمْعُوزٌ are said to be quasi-pl. ns. (TA.) The goats of the Arabs of the desert have short hair, not long enough to be spun; but the goats of the cold countries, and of the people of the fertile regions, have abundant hair, and of this the Akrád [or Kurds] fabricate their tents. (T in art. بنى.) See also تَدْمُرِىٌّ in art. دمر; and see ضَائِنٌ in art. ضأن. مَعْزَةٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزًى ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزَآءٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مِعْزَاةٌ ذ a fem. sing. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (TA.) مِعَازٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مَعِيزٌ ذ : see their syn. مَعْزٌ. مُعَيْزٍ ذ dim. of مِعْزْى, syn. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (Sb, S.) مَعَّازٌ ذ A possessor, or master, of مِعْزًى [or goats]. (S, K.) مَاعِزٌ ذ and مَاعِزَةٌ sings. of مَعْزٌ, q. v. (S, K. *) ― -b2- The former also signifies Goats' skin. (S, K.) أَمْعَزُ ذ , and its fem. مَعْزَآءُ, applied respectively to a place (مَكَانٌ) and to land or ground (أَرْضٌ), (tropical:) Hard, (S, K,) and abounding with pebbles: (S:) or both, [used as substs.,] rugged and stony ground: (A:) or a place abounding with pebbles, and hard: or the latter, small pebbles: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) thus A 'Obeyd explains a sing. as having a pl. signification: (TA:) or the latter, a desert, (صَحْرَآء) in which is elevation and ruggedness, consisting of soil, or clay, and pebbles, mixed together, but hard ground, rough to the tread: (ISh, TA:) pl. مُعْزٌ, (K,) [a pl. of each as an epithet, or of each used as a subst.,] because imagined to have the character of an epithet; (TA;) and أَمَاعِزُ, [a pl. of the former,] because the character of a subst. predominates in it; and مَعْزَاوَاتٌ, a pl. of the latter. (TA.) أُمْعُوزٌ ذ : see its syn. مَعْزٌ. ― -b2- It also signifies, (K,) or is said to signify, (S,) A herd of gazelles, (S, K,) in number from thirty to forty; (S, TA;) or from thirty upwards: or a number of buckgazelles collected together: (TA:) or a number of أَوْعَال [or mountain-goats] collected together: (A, K:) or of اوعال such as are termed ثَيَاتِل: (Az, TA:) pl. أَمَاعِيزُ and أَمَاعِزُ. (K.)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: