نَصَبَ ذ , aor. نَصُبَ , inf. n. نَصْبٌ; (S, K;) and ↓ نصّب ; (K;) He set up, put up, set upright, erected, a thing: (S:) he elevated, raised, reared, a thing. (K.) ― -b2- He set up, a stone as a sign, or mark. (Msb.) ― -b3- نَصَبَ رَأْسَهُ He raised his head. (TA.) ― -b4- نَصِبَ, aor. نَصَبَ , inf. n. نَصَبٌ, He (a goat) had erect ears. (S: the inf. n. only mentioned.) ― -b5- نَصَبْتُ فُلاَنًا لِكَذَا I set, or set up, such a one as an obstacle to such a thing, or as a butt for such a thing, like the butt of archers. (TA, art. عرض.) ― -b6- نُصِبَ فُلَانٌ لِعِمَارَةِ البَلَدِ (tropical:) [Such a one was set up, or appointed, for the putting, or keeping, of the town, or district, in a flourishing or prosperous state, with respect to building, culture, population, &c.]. (A.) ― -b7- نَصَبَ, aor. نَصُبَ , inf. n. نَصْبٌ, (S, K,) or نَصَبَ نَصْبَ العَرَبِ, (S,) (assumed tropical:) He sang, or chanted, a kind of song, or chant, peculiar to the Arabs, (S, K, &c.,) of the description termed حُدَاء, (K,) [by which camels are urged, or excited,] or a kind of song (K) resembling what is thus termed, (S,) but finer, or more delicate. (S, K.) What is termed نَصْبٌ is The kind of singing, or chanting, above described: (S, K:) or a kind of حُدَاء resembling singing: (AA:) or a kind of modulation: (Sh:) or a kind of song, or chant, of the Arabs: (ISd:) or, of the Arabs of the desert: (TA:) or poetry such as is commonly recited, well regulated and set to an air: (Nh:) so called because, in [singing or chanting] it, the voice is raised, or elevated. (The Fáïk.) ― -b8- نَصَبَ الحَرْفَ, [aor. نَصِبَ , (not نَصُبَ ,) inf. n. نَصْبٌ,] He wrote, or pronounced, the [final] letter with نَصْب; (S;) which is, in the case of the final inflection of a word, like فَتْح in the non-inflection: (S, K:) [i. e., he wrote it, or pronounced it, with Bً or نَصَبَ :) so called because the sound of a word of which the final letter is so pronounced rises to the highest cavity of the mouth. (Lth.) A conv. term of grammar. (S, K.) نَصَبَ الكَلِمَةَ [He wrote, or pronounced, the word with نَصْب, i. e., making its vowel of inflection Bً or نَصَبَ &c., according to the rules of grammar:] he made the word to have fet-hah as its vowel of inflection. (Msb.) ― -b9- نَصَبَ لَه الحَرْبَ, (inf. n. نَصْبٌ, TA,) He made war upon him: syn. وَضَعَ. (K.) ― -b10- Of anything that is raised, and with which one goes to meet, or encounter, a thing, one says نُصِبَ, and of the agent, نَصَبَ. (M, K.) ― -b11- نَصَبَ لَهُ, aor. نَصُبَ , inf. n. نَصْبٌ, (tropical:) He acted with hostility, or enmity, towards him. (S, K.) See also 3. ― -b12- نَصَبْتُ لَهُ رَأْيًا (tropical:) I gave him counsel from which he should not deviate. (A.) ― -b13- نَصَبَ, aor. نَصُبَ , (inf. n. نَصْبٌ, TA,) He put down a thing: syn. وَضَعَ. Thus the verb bears two contr. significations. (K.) ― -b14- [He set, or put, absolutely: often used in this sense.] ― -b15- نَصَبَهُ, aor. نَصِبَ ; and ↓ انصبه , (inf. n. إِِنْصَابٌ, TA,) It (disease) pained him; occasioned him pain. (K.) ― -b16- نَصَبَ السَّيْرَ, aor. نَصُبَ , (inf. n. نَصْبٌ, TA,) (assumed tropical:) He strove, or exerted himself, unusually in his pace: (K:) or نَصَبَ signifies he pursued his journey with diligence, or energy: (TA:) or he travelled on all the day, at a gentle pace: (S, K:) or he journeyed on all the night. (TA.) En-Nadr says, النَّصْبُ is the first pace; then, الدَّبَبُ, [but see وَسَجَ;] then, العَنَقُ; then, التَّزَيُّدُ; then, العَسْجُ; then, الرَّتْكُ; then, الوَخْدُ; then, الهَمْلَجَةُ. (TA.) -A2- نَصِبَ, aor. نَصَبَ , inf. n. نَصَبٌ, He was fatigued, tired, or wearied, (S, K.) ― -b2- نَصِبَ, inf. n. نَصَبٌ, He suffered difficulty, trouble, distress, or affliction. (TA.) ― -b3- نَصِبَ He strove; laboured; or toiled. (K.) ― -b4- فَإِِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَا@نْصَبْ [Kur, xciv. 7,] signifies And when thou shalt have finished thy prescribed prayers, fatigue thyself in supplication: (Katádeh, Jel:) or when thou shalt have finished the obligatory prayers, fatigue thyself in the performance of the voluntary. (TA.) See نَاصِبٌ. 2 نصّبت الخَيْلُ آذَانَهَا ذ The horses erected their ears often, or exceedingly. The teshdeed is to render the signification frequentative or intensive. (S.) ― -b2- See 1, and 3. 3 ناصبه الشَّرَّ ذ , (inf. n. مُنَاصَبَةٌ, TA,) (tropical:) He made an open show of evil conduct, mischief, or malevolence, to him; (K;) and in like manner, of enmity, (TA,) and of war; (S, TA;) as also ↓ نَصَبَهُ , (K,) unaugmented. (TA: in the CK, ↓ نصّبه .) See also نَصَبَ لَهُ. 4 انصبه ذ He fatigued, tired, or wearied, him: (S, K:) it (an affair) fatigued him, &c.: (TA:) it (grief, or anxiety,) fatigued, tired, or wearied, him; (CK, TA;) as also ↓ نَصِبَ لَهُ ; (TA;) and perhaps ↓ نَصَبَهُ is also used in this sense, with reference to grief, or anxiety. (K.) See 1. -A2- انصب الحَدِيثَ إِِلَى رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ He ascribed, or attributed, the tradition to the Apostle of God; syn. أَسْنَدَهُ إِِلَيْهِ and رَفَعَهُ. (TA.) -A3- انصبه He assigned him, or gave him, a نَصِيب; i. e., a lot, or portion. (K.) -A4- انصب السِّكِّينَ He made, or put, a handle (نِصَاب) to the knife. (S, K.) 5 تنصّبتِ الأُتُنُ حَوْلَ الحِمَارِ ذ The she-asses stood round the he-ass. (S, K.) ― -b2- See 8. 6 تناصبوه ذ They divided it into lots, or portions, among themselves. (TA.) 8 انتصب ذ and ↓ تنصّب , quasi-pass. of نَصَبَ and نَصَّبَ, He, or it, became set up, put up, set upright, or erected; stood up, or upright, or erect; became elevated, raised, or reared: (K:) became even and erect. (TA, art. نص.) ― -b2- He stood erect, raising his head. (TA.) ― -b3- [It was, or became, erect, vertical, or perpendicular.] ― -b4- [انتصب شَعَرُهُ His hair, being full-grown, stood out: see مُنْتَصِبٌ.] ― -b5- انتصب (TA) and ↓ تنصّب (K) (tropical:) It (dust) rose high. (K, TA.) ― -b6- إِِنْتَصِبْ Set up thy cooking-pot [upon the مِنْصَب, or trivet,] to cook, said to a cook. (IAar.) ― -b7- انتصبت أَشْنَانُهُ إِِلَى قُدَّامٍ [Its teeth stood out forwards: see مُنْتَصِبٌ:] said of a mouth. (TA, art. دفق.) ― -b8- [اِنْتِصَابٌ is often used absolutely as meaning An erection of the penis.] ― -b9- انتصب الحَرْفُ The letter [meaning the final letter of a word] was written, or pronounced, with نَصْب: [see نَصَبَ الحَرْفَ]. (S.) نَصْبٌ ذ : see نَصَبَ, (of which it is the inf. n.,) throughout. ― -b2- نَصْبٌ and ↓ نَصَبَ and ↓ نُصُبٌ and ↓ نَصِيبَةٌ A sign, or mark, set up to show the way; or a standard set up: syn. عَلَمٌ مَنْصُوبٌ: (K:) i. e., set up [as a sign] to a people: (TA:) or نُصُبٌ is pl. of نَصِيبَةٌ, like as سُفُنٌ is of سَفِينَةٌ. (Lth, TA.) Also, ↓ نُصْبَةٌ , A pole, or mast; syn. سَارِيَةٌ; (K;) set up to show the way: (TA:) also, ↓ أَنَاصِيبُ and ↓ تَنَاصِيبُ (pls. which have no sings., TA,) Signs, or marks, or stones, set up to show the way; syn. أَعْلَامٌ and صُوًى: (K:) stones set up on the tops of isolated small mountains, whereby travellers are to be directed: (TA:) also, ↓ يَنْصُوبٌ [pl. يَنَاصِيبُ] signifies A sign, or mark, set up to show the way in a desert. (Fr.) In the Kur, lxx., last verse but one, some read نَصْبٍ, meaning as above: others نُصُبٍ, meaning “ idols. ” (Zj.) ― -b3- نَصْبٌ also signifies A goal; or limit; syn. غَايَةٌ: (K:) or rather, some say that it has this signification [in the verse of the Kur. above referred to]; but the former meaning, of “ a sign, &c., ” is the more correct. (TA.) ― -b4- See also نُصْبٌ and نُصُبٌ, below. ― -b5- نَصْبٌ, with respect to rhyme in a verse, is The being free from anything that would mar it, (Akh, K,) when the verse itself is not curtailed; for when the verse is curtailed, the term نصب is not applicable, though the rhyme be perfect: accord. to an explanation received from the Arabs: not one of the terms of Kh. (Akh.) Derived from الاِنْتِصَابُ, as signifying “ the standing erect; being tall; making one's self tall, by stretching the neck; ” and therefore not applied to verse that is curtailed. (IJ, ISd.) ― -b6- نَصْبٌ One who is set, or set up, as an obstacle to a thing, or as a butt for a thing, like the butt of archers. (TA, art. عرض.) See 1. ― -b7- نَصْبٌ [A peculiar mode of singing, or chanting: or a peculiar kind of song, or chant]: (See 1.) هٰذَا نُصْبُ عَيْنِى ذ , and عينى ↓ نَصْبُ , or the latter is a barbarism, (K,) disallowed by Kt; but it is allowed by Mtr; and said to have been heard from the Arabs [of the classical ages]; This is a conspicuous object of my eye; a thing in full view of my eye: said of a thing that is manifest, or conspicuous, [standing before one,] and even when it is lying, or thrown down. (TA.) ― -b2- جَعَلْتُهُ نصبَ عينى I made him, or it, a conspicuous object, or a thing in full view, of my eye. (TA.) ― -b3- Mtr says, that نَصْب, in this case, is an inf. n. used in the sense of a pass. part. n., and means an object [as it were set, or set up,] conspicuously seen of the eye, so as not to be forgotten, nor to be unheeded, nor to be placed behind the back, or uncared for, or disregarded. (MF.) ― -b4- نُصْبٌ (S, K) and ↓ نَصْبٌ and ↓ نُصُبٌ (K) Evil; (S;) trial; affliction; misfortune: (S, K:) so in the Kur, xxxviii., 40: (S:) disease: (K:) affliction occasioned by disease. (Lth.) See also نَصَب. نِصْبٌ ذ : see نَصِيبٌ. نَصَبٌ ذ [as a subst.] Fatigue; weariness; toil. ― -b2- Difficulty; trouble; distress; affliction. (TA.) See the verb: and see نَصْبٌ. نَصِبٌ ذ Diseased; sick; and in pain. (K.) نُصُبٌ ذ : see نَصْبٌ. ― -b2- نُصُبٌ (K, Msb) and ↓ نُصْبٌ (K: accord. to the S, the latter is sometimes written نُصُبٌ: [but it seems that نُصُبٌ is the more common of the two words:]) and ↓ نَصْبٌ (S, Msb) What is set up and worshipped to the exclusion of, or in preference to, the true God: (S:) or anything that is so worshipped: (K:) or a stone that is set up and so worshipped: (Msb:) the pl. of نُصُبٌ is أَنْصَابٌ: (S, Msb:) or نُصُبٌ is a pl. of نَصْبٌ, like as سُقُفٌ is of سَقْفٌ: (Msb:) or it is a pl. of which the sing. is نِصَابٌ; and it may be a sing., the pl. of which is أَنْصَابٌ: (Zj:) which last word, accord. to some, is syn. with أَصْنَامٌ: but others deny this; because اصنام are figured and sculptured or painted; whereas انصاب are of an opposite description. (Msb.) [See a verse cited in art. مور.] ― -b3- Also, الأَنْصَابُ Certain stones which were set up around the Kaabeh, over which it was customary for the name of some deity to be pronounced in the killing of animals (يُهَلُّ عَلَيْهَا), and upon which victims were slain in sacrifice to another, or others, than the true God: (ISd, K:) pl. of نُصُبٌ, as أَعْنَاقٌ is of عُنُقٌ; or of نُصْبق, as أَقْفَالٌ is of قُفْلٌ. (TA.) ― -b4- نُصُبٌ, as occurring in the Kur, v. 4, signifies An idol; or a stone which the pagan Arabs set up, to sacrifice, or slay animals, before it, or by it, and which became red with the blood: (Kt:) or pl. of نِصَابٌ, and signifying idols. (Jel.) ― -b5- أَنْصَابُ الحَرَمِ The limits of the sacred territory [of Mekkeh]; (K;) i. e., signs, or marks, set up there, whereby it might be known. (TA.) See also نَصْبٌ. نَصْبَةٌ ذ A laying of a snare; meaning a plot, a stratagem, or an artifice. (TA.) نُصْبَةٌ ذ : see نَصْبٌ. نِصَابٌ ذ The place of sun-set; مَغِيبُ الشَّمْسِ; (K;) the place to which it returns. (TA.) ― -b2- See مَنْصِبٌ: and نُصُبٌ ― -b3- نِصَابٌ The handle of a knife; (S, K;) in which the سِيلَان is set: (TA:) pl. نُصُبٌ. (K.) ― -b4- نِصَابٌ, of property, (tropical:) The amount which renders it incumbent on the possessor to pay the alms, or tax, called الزَّكَاة: (S, K:) as two hundred dirhems, or five camels, (S,) [or twenty deenárs, or forty sheep or goats. (IbrD.)] So called as being the “ source ” whence the tax comes. (Msb.) نَصِيبٌ ذ (S, K) and ↓ نِصْبٌ (K) (tropical:) A share, or portion, or lot, syn. حَظٌّ; (S, K;) of a thing; (S;) or of anything; (TA;) a set portion: (A:) [hence it appears to be in the sense of مَنْصُوبٌ what is set:] pl. of the former أَنْصِبَآءُ and أَنْصِبَةٌ (K, Msb) [the latter a pl. of pauc.], and نُصُبٌ. (Msb.) ― -b2- نَصِيبٌ A tank, or cistern. (S, K.) ― -b3- A snare, or fowler's net, set, or set up: (S, K:) thus in the sense of مَنْصُوبٌ. (TA.) See also مَنْصُوبَةٌ. نَصِيبَةٌ ذ , (S,) or نَصَائِبُ, (K,) which latter is the pl. of the former, (TA,) Stones which are set up around a tank, or cistern, and the interstices of which are filled up with kneaded clay. (S, K.) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, “ هَرَقْنَاهُ فِى بَادِى النَّشِيْئَةِ داثِرٍ
قَدِيمٍ بِعَهْدِ المَآءِ بُقْعٍ نَصَائِبُهْ
” [We poured it out into an old cistern of which the water was dried up and the bottom apparent, which for a long time had contained no water, the stones set up around which, having their interstices filled up mith kneaded clay, were black and white]. (S.) The pron. in هرقناه refers to a large bucket mentioned before. (TA.) ― -b2- نَصَائِبُ is also explained by A'Obeyd as signifying Stones that are set up around a tank, or cistern, to mark the quantity of water with which the camels will be satisfied. (TA.) See نَصْبٌ. هَمٌّ نَاصِبٌ ذ i. q. مُنْصِبٌ, Grief, or anxiety, that fatigues, tires, or wearies: (K:) after the manner of a rel. n.: (Sb, K:) meaning ذُو نَصَبٍ; like تَامِرٌ and لَابِنٌ: or ناصب is here an act. part. n. used in the sense of the pass. part. n. [مَنْصُوبٌ] followed by فِيهِ; i. e. يُنْصَبُ فِيهِ, in which one is fatigued, tired, or wearied; like لَيْلٌ نَائِمٌ, meaning يُنَامُ فِيهِ, &c.: (S:) or the phrase نَصَبَهُ الهَمُّ, in the sense of أَتْعَبَهُ, has been heard; (K;) and ناصب is its act. part. n. (TA.) ― -b2- نَصَبٌ نَاصِبٌ is also said to be a phrase of the same kind as مَوْتٌ مَائِتٌ, and شِعْرٌ شَاعِرٌ; [therefore meaning Severe fatigue, or difficulty, or trouble, and the like]. (TA.) ― -b3- Also عَيْشٌ نَاصِبٌ, and ↓ ذُو مَنْصَبَةٍ , A fatiguing, laborious, or troublesome, life. (K.) ― -b4- النَّوَاصِبُ, and ↓ النَّاصِبِيَّةُ , and أَهْلُ النَّصْبِ, Appellations of a sect who made it a matter of religious obligation to bear a violent hatred to 'Alee (K) the son of Aboo-Tálib: (TA:) [so called] لِأَنَّهُمْ نَصَبُوا لَهُ because they acted with hostility, or enmity, towards him, (K,) and openly opposed him: they were a sect of the Khawárij, الخَوَارِجُ. (TA.) نَاصِبَةُ الشُّجَاعِ ذ The eye of the serpent called شجاع, which it raises to look. (TA in art. شجع.) ― -b2- By the expression كَنَاصِبَةِ الشُّجَاعِ in the following words of the poet, “ بَصَرٌ كَنَاصِبَةِ الشُّجَاعِ المُرْصِدِ
” is meant Like the eye of the brave man, which he raises (يَنْصُبُهَا) to look at, or see, something. (TA.) النَّاصِبِيَّةُ ذ : see نَاصِبٌ. أَنْصَبُ ذ A goat having erect horns: (S, K:) fem. نَصْبَآءُ. (S.) ― -b2- نَصْبَآءُ A she-camel having an elevated breast. (S, K.) ― -b3- أَذُنٌ نَصْبَآءُ An ear that is erect, and approaches the other ear. (TA.) مَنْصِبٌ ذ [so accord. to the copies of the S and K in my hands, and the Msb, which states it to be of the same measure as مَسْجِدٌ, and the TA: written by Golius and Freytag مَنْصَبٌ:] and ↓ نِصَابٌ (tropical:) Origin; source; (S, K, Msb;) of anything; (TA;) that to which a person or thing is referred, as his or its source; syn. مَرْجِعٌ; (K;) place where, or whence, a thing grows; (Msb;) place where a person or thing is set, or set up. (TA.) Pl. [of the former, مَنَاصِبُ, and] of the latter, نُصُبٌ and أَنْصِبَةٌ. (Az, Msb.) ― -b2- لَهُ مَنْصِبُ صِدْقٍ He has an excellent origin. (Msb.) ― -b3- هُوَ يرْجِع إِِلَى منصبِ صِدْقٍ and ↓ نِصابِ صدق, He traces back his lineage to an excellent origin. (TA.) ― -b4- مَنْصِبٌ (assumed tropical:) Rank, or quality, nobility, or eminence, and the like, absolutely, or derived from ancestry: syn. حَسَبٌ and شَرَفٌ: from the same word as signifying “ origin, source, &c. ” (Esh-Shiháb.) ― -b5- لِفُلَانٍ مَنْصِبٌ To such a one pertains eminence of rank or station. (Msb.) ― -b6- إِِمْرَأَةٌ ذَاتُ منصبٍ A woman of rank or quality &c., (حَسَب,) and of beauty: or of beauty alone; because alone it exalts her. (Msb.) ― -b7- مَنْصِبٌ, in the language of those of post-classical times, [and commonly pronounced, in the present day, مَنْصَبٌ,] (assumed tropical:) A post, an office, a function, or a magistracy; as though meaning the place in which a man is set, set up, or elevated; (Shifà el-Ghaleel;) or in which he is set, or set up, to see, or observe, [or supervise]: (MF:) pl. مَنَاصِبُ. (TA.) ― -b8- [أَرْبَابُ المَنَاصِبِ (assumed tropical:) Functionaries; magistrates.] ― -b9- See مِنْصَبٌ. مِنْصَبٌ ذ An iron thing (an iron trivet, TA,) upon which a cooking-pot is set up: (IAar, K:) as also ↓ مَنْصِبٌ . (MF.) مَنْصَبَةٌ ذ Fatigue, labour, or trouble: [or a cause of fatigue, &c.]. (K.) See نَاصِبٌ. مَنْصُوبَةٌ ذ , as an epithet, applied to a شَبَكَة or حِبَالَة (A net or snare) set, or set up. And hence, as a subst., like دَابَّةٌ and عَجُوزٌ, (assumed tropical:) An artifice, a stratagem, a trick, a plot, a resource, or an expedient: or a stratagem in the game of chess. You say سَوَّى فُلَانٌ منصوبةً [Such a one framed a stratagem, or plot]. (Z.) مُنَصَّبٌ ذ A horse of which the prevailing characteristic of his whole make is the erect position of his bones, so that he stands erect without needing to bend [his joints]. (TA.) ― -b2- صَفِيحٌ مُنَصَّبٌ [Broad and thin stones] set up, one upon another. (S.) ― -b3- ثَغْرٌ مُنَصَّبٌ Teeth, or fore teeth, of even growth; (K;) as though set up and made even. (TA.) [See an ex. in a verse cited voce شَنَبٌ.] ― -b4- ثَرًى مُنَصَّبٌ, accord. to the K, i. q. مُجَعَّدٌ; but this is a mistake; and the correct word is جَعْدٌ, Soft moist earth; as in other books. (TA.) مُنْتَصِبٌ ذ (tropical:) Dust rising high. (S.) ― -b2- (assumed tropical:) Hair full grown, and standing out. (TA, art. سبكر.) ― -b3- أَسْنَانٌ مُنْتَصِبَةٌ إِِلَى خَارِجٍ (S in art. دفق) or الى قُدَّامٍ (JK in that art.) Teeth standing out or forwards]. يَنْصُوبٌ ذ : see نَصْبٌ. أَنَاصِيبُ ذ : see نَصْبٌ. تَنَاصِيبُ ذ : see نَصْبٌ.
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