نَقَرَ ذ , (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. نَقُرَ , inf. n. نَقْرٌ, (S, Msb,) He (a bird) pecked, or picked up, (S, A, Msb, K,) a grain, (S,) or grains, (A, Msb,) from this place and that, (A, K,) بِمِنْقَارِهِ with his beak. (A.) [Accord. to the TA, the addition “ from this place and that, ” which is found in the K and A, and in one place in the S, seems to be unnecessary. And ↓ انتقر signifies the same: see 8, in art. قب.] ― -b2- [Hence, because of the sure aim with which a bird pecks a thing,] the same verb, having the same [aor. and] inf. n. signifies, (tropical:) It (an arrow) hit the butt. (Msb.) And He (an archer) hit the butt, without making his arrow to pass through, partly or wholly. (TA.) ― -b3- [Hence also,] (assumed tropical:) He took [or picked] a thing, as, for instance, food, with the finger. (TA.) ― -b4- Also, (M, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M, TA,) He struck a thing (IKtt, K, * TA,) with a thing: (IKtt, TA:) [generally, he struck, knocked, or pecked, a thing with a pointed instrument, like as a bird strikes a thing with its beak:] he struck [or pecked] a mill-stone, or a stone, &c., with a مِنْقَار [which is a pick, or a kind of pickaxe; i. e., he wrought it into shape, and roughened it in its surface, with a pick]. (M, TA.) ― -b5- [Hence,] (tropical:) He wrote [or engraved writing] فِى حَجَرٍ upon a stone. (A, K.) Whence the saying, التَّعْلِيمُ فِى الصِّغَرِ كَالنَّقْرِ عَلَى الحَجَرِ [or, as in a verse of Niftaweyh, فِى الحَجَرِ, i. e., Teaching in infancy is like engraving writing upon stone]. (TA.) ― -b6- He struck [or fillipped] a man's head, and in like manner a lute, and a tambourine, with his finger. (TA.) You say also أُذُنَهُ ↓ أَنْقَرَ , meaning, He struck [or fillipped] his ear with his finger. (AA, in TA, art. نطب.) ― -b7- [Hence,] نَقَرَ, [aor. نَقُرَ , inf. n. نَقْرٌ, as appears from what follows;] and ↓ أَنْقَرَ ; (tropical:) [He made a snapping with his thumb and middle finger;] he struck his thumb against the end of the middle finger and made a sound with them. (A.) [And in like manner the former verb used transitively; as in the following instance:] وَضَعَ طَرَفَ إِِبْهَامِهِ عَلَى بَاطِنِ سَبَّابَتِهِ ثُمَّ نَقَرَهَا [(tropical:) He put the end of his thumb against the inner side of his first finger, then made a snapping with it]. (TA.) See also نَقْرٌ, below. ― -b8- [Hence also,] نَقَرَ بِالدَّابَّةِ, (T, A, TS,) or بِالفَرَسِ, (S,) aor. نَقُرَ , (TA,) inf. n. نَقْرٌ; (T, S, TS;) and ↓ أَنْقَرَ , (A, TS,) inf. n. إِِنْقَارٌ; (TS;) (tropical:) He made a [smacking or] slight sound, to put in motion the [beast or] horse, by making his tongue adhere to his palate and then opening [or suddenly drawing it away]: (S:) or he struck with his tongue the place of utterance of the letter ن and made a [smacking] sound [by suddenly withdrawing his tongue]: (A:) نَقْرٌ signifies the making the end of the tongue to adhere to the palate, then making a sound [by suddenly withdrawing it]: (M, K:) or one's putting his tongue above his central incisors, at the part next the palate, then making a smacking sound [so I render ثُمَّ يَنْقُر]: (TA:) [the sounds thus described, which are nearly the same, are commonly made by the Arabs in the present day, in urging beasts of carriage:] or an agitation of the tongue (K, TA) in the mouth, upwards and downwards: (TA:) or a sound, (so in some copies of the K and in the TA,) or slight sound, (so in the TS [as mentioned in the TA] and in some copies of the K) by which a horse is put in motion: (TS, K:) or نَقَرَ بِلِسَانِهِ, accord. to IKtt, signifies he struck his palate with his tongue to quiet the horse: but this is at variance with what is said by Az, J, and ISd, and requires consideration. (TA.) A poet, (S,) Fedekee El-Minkaree, (K,) i. e., 'Obeyd Ibn-Máweeyeh, of the tribe of Teiyi, (TA,) uses النَّقُرْ for النَّقْرْ, meaning النَّقْرُ بِا@لْخَيْلِ [The smacking with the tongue to urge the horses]: pausing after the word, at the end of a hemistich, he transfers the vowel of the ر to the ق, (S, K,) agreeably with the dial. of certain of the Arabs, (TA,) that the hearer may know it to be the vowel of the [final] letter when there is no pause; (S;) like as you say, هٰذَا بَكْرُ and مَرَرْتُ بِبَكِرْ: but this is not done when the word is in the accus. case (S, K:) and if you choose, you may make the final letter quiescent in pausing, though it is preceded by a quiescent letter. (S.) ― -b9- Hence also, فَإِِذَا نُقِرَ فِى النَّاقُورِ [Kur, lxxiv. 8,] (tropical:) For when the horn shall be blown: (S, * A, * Bd, K:) from نَقْرٌ signifying (tropical:) the making a sound: originally, striking, which is the cause of sound. (Bd.) See also نَاقُورٌ, below. ― -b10- Also, نَقَرَ He bored, perforated, or made a hole through or in or into, a thing: (TA:) or he did so with a مِنْقَار: (S:) and, inf. n. نَقْرٌ, he hollowed out, or excavated, a piece of wood. (Mgh, Msb.) نُقِرٌ and ↓ اِنْتَقَرَ , (so in some copies of the K,) or ↓ أُنْتُقِرَ , (so in other copies of the K and in the TA,) both in the pass. form, (TA,) said of stone and of wood and the like, signify alike, (K,) It was bored, or perforated, or it had a hole made through or in or into it: (TA:) [and it was hollowed out.] You say, نَقَرَ البَيْضَةَ عَنِ الفَرْخِ, (K,) aor. نَقُرَ , inf. n. نَقْرٌ, (TA.) He made a hole in the egg [so as to disclose the young bird]. (K.) And نَقَرَت الخَيْلُ, (A,) and بحوافرها نُقَرًا ↓ انتقرت , (Lth, K,) The horses made hollows in the ground with their hoofs. (Lth, A, K.) And in like manner, ↓ انتقرت السُّيُولُ نُقَرًا The torrents left hollows in the ground, in which water was retained. (TA.) ― -b11- Hence, نَقَرَ عَنِ الأَمْرِ; (Msb;) and عَنْهُ ↓ نقّر , (S, K,) inf. n. تَنْقِيرٌ; (S;) and ↓ نقّرهُ ; and ↓ تنقّرهُ : and ↓ انتقرهُ ; (K;) (tropical:) He searched or inquired into the thing; investigated, scrutinized, or examined, it; (S, Msb, K, TA;) and endeavoured to know it: (TA;) and so نَقَرَ عَنِ لخَبَرِ (tropical:) he investigated the news, and endeavoured to know it. (A.) [And hence,] السَّهْمَ بَيْنَ إِِصْبَعَيْهِ ↓ نقّر . (K, in art. حن,) or عَلَى الإِِبْهَامِ, inf. n. تَنْقِيرٌ, (K, in art. دوم,) [He tried the sonorific quality of the arrow by turning it round between his fingers, or upon his thumb: see حَنَّانٌ, and دَرَّ السَّهْمُ, and see also 4, in art. دوم: or] نقّر السَّهْمَ signifies he made the arrow to produce a sharp sound [by turning it round between his fingers, or] upon his thumb. (TK, in art. دوم.) 2 نَقَّرَ see 1, last two sentences. 4 أَنْقَرَ see 1, in three places, in the first half. -A2- انقر عَنْهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. إِِنْفَارٌ, (TA,) He refrained, forbore, abstained, or desisted, from it or him; he left or relinquished, it or him. (S, * K.) Hence the saying, ضَرَبَهُ فَمَا أَنْقَرَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى قَتَلَهُ He beat him and left him not until be killed him. (TA.) And hence the saying of I'Ab, مَاكَانَ ا@للّٰهُ لِيُنْقِرَ عَنْ قَاتِلِ ا@لْمُؤْمِنِ, i. e., God will not leave the slayer of the believer until He destroy him (S, TA.) 5 تَنَقَّرَ see 1, last signification 8 إِِنْتَقَرَ see 1, latter part, in four places. نَقْرٌ ذ (tropical:) A slight sound that is heard in consequence of striking the thumb against the middle finger [and then letting them fly apart in opposite directions, passing each other]: (S, K:) [or the snapping with the fingers or with the thumb and middle finger, or with the thumb and first finger; as also ↓ نَقيرٌ : n. an. of the former with ة.] One says, مَا أَثَابَهُ نَقْرَةٌ (tropical:) [He did not reward him with even a snap of the fingers;] meaning, with anything: (S, K [in the former of which it is implied that نقرة thus used is from نَقْرٌ in the first of the senses explained above;]) not used thus save in [a negative phrase. (S.) A poet says, “ وَهُنّ حَرَى أَلَّا يُثِبْنَكَ نقْرَةٌ
وَأَنْتَ حَرُى بِالنَّار حِينَ تُثِيبُ
” (tropical:) [And they are fit, or worthy, not to reward thee with anything, and thou art fit for, or worthy of, the fire of hell when thou rewardest]. (S.) Or the right reading in both these instances is ↓ نُقْرَةً , with damm. (TA.) [See نُقْرَةٌ.] One says also, لَمْ يَكْتَرِتْ لِى بِقَدُر نَقْرَة إِِصْبَعٍ (tropical:) [He did not care for me so much as a snap of a finger]. (A.) [See also an (??) in a verse cited in the first paragraph of art. شأو.] I'Ab, in explanation of the words of the Kur, [iv. 123,] وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا, put the end of the thumb against the inner side of his first finger, then made a snapping with it (ثُمَّ نَقَرَهَا), and said, This is what is termed ↓ نَقِيرٌ ; [denoting the lit. meaning to be (tropical:) And they shall not be wronged a snap of the fingers.] (TA.) But see نُقْرَةٌ, below. ― -b2- Also, A sound, or slight sound, by which a horse is put in motion: (TS, K:) as also ↓ نَقِيرٌ : (TA:) or the former has one or other of the different significations assigned to it above, in the explanations under the head of نَقَرَ بِالدَّابَّةِ. (K, &c.) نِقْرٌ ذ : see نُقْرَةٌ. نَقْرَةٌ ذ : see نَقْرٌ, in four places. نُقْرَةٌ ذ A small hollow or cavity in the ground: (S:) or a hollow or cavity in the ground, not large: (Msb:) or a hollow or cavity in the ground in which water stagnates: (TA:) or a round وَهْدَة [or hollow] in the ground, (K, TA,) not large, in which water stagnates: (TA:) pl. نُقَرٌ (A, K) and نِقَارٌ: (K:) ↓ نَقِيرٌ also signifies a hollow, or cavity, in the ground; and its pl. is أَنْقِرَةٌ. (S.) ― -b2- Hence, (S.) The place where the قَمَحْدُوَة [or occiput] ends, in the back part of the neck; (K;) i. e., the hollow in the back of the neck; (TA;) what is called نُقْرَةُ القَفَا; (S, A, Msb;) i. e., the hollow where (??) brain ends: the cupping in that part occasions forgetfulness: (Msb.) [and any similar hollow as the pit of the stomach: and a dimple: accord. to present usage; and in this sense it is used in the A, K, and TA, voce فَحْصَةٌ ― -b3- The cavity, or socket, of the eye. (K.) ― -b4- Foramen and; syn. ثَقْبُ الاِسْتِ: (K:) but in the (??) it is said that نُقْرَةُ الوَرِكِ signifies the hole, or perforation, that is the middle of the haunch; [app. meaning the sacro-ischiatic foramen: see الفَائِلُ, in art. فيل: but perhaps it may sometimes mean the socket of the thigh-bone; for نُقْرةٌ signifies any socket of a bone.] (TA.) ― -b5- The little spot [or embryo] upon the back of a date stone, (AHeyth, K,) which is as though it were hollowed. (TA,) and from which the palm-tree grows forth: (AHeyth;) as also ↓ نَقيرٌ (S, A, Msb, K) and ↓ نِقْرٌ (K) and ↓ أُنْقُورٌ . (Sgh, K) You say, مَا أَثَابَهُ نُقْرَةٌ, (El-Basáir, TA,) and ↓ نَقِيرًا , (A,) lit., [He did not reward hour] (??) even a little spot on the back of a date-stone; (A, El-Basáïr;) meaning, (tropical:) with the meanest thing. (El Basáïr.) In the S and K, ما اثابه نَقْرَةٌ: see نَقْرٌ.] And مَا أَعْنَى عَنِّى نُقْرَةٌ (tropical:) He did not stand me in stead of the meanest (??) (A.) Lebeed says, bewailing the death of his brother Arbad. “ ↓ وَلَيْسَ النَّاسُ بَعْدَكَ فِى نَقِيرٍ
” lit., [And the people, after thee, are not worth] a little spot on the back of a date-stone; meaning, لَبْسُوا بَعْدَكَ فِى شَىْءٍ (tropical:) [after thee they are not worth anything]. (S.) And hence, accord. to ISk [and the Jel], the saying in the Kur, [iv. 123.] وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا [And they shall not be wronged even as to a little spot on the back of a date-stone.] (TA.) Hence also, [in verse 56 of the same chap.,] لَا يُؤْتُونَ النَّاسَ نَقِيرًا (tropical:) They would not give men a thing as inconsiderable as the little hollow in the back of a date-stone. (Jel.) See also نَقْرٌ. ― -b6- The place in which a bird lays its eggs: (K:) pl. نُقَرٌ. (TA.) نَقِيرٌ ذ : see نَقْرٌ, in three places. -A2- What is bored, or perforated; and what is hollowed out, or excavated; (مَا نُقِبَ, TA, and مَا نُقِرَ, K, TA;) of stone, and of wood, and the like. (K, TA.) ― -b2- A piece of wood, (Msb,) or a block of wood, (أَصْلُ خَشَبَةٍ, S, K,) or a stump, or the lower part, (أَصْل,) of a palm-tree, (T,) which is hollowed out, and in which the beverage called نَبِيذ is made; (T, S, Msb, K;) the نبيذ whereof becomes strong: (S, K:) or a stump, or the lower part, (اصل,) of a palm-tree, which it was a custom of the people of El-Yemámeh to hollow out, then they crushed in it ripe dates and unripe dates, which [with water poured upon them] they left until fermentation had taken place therein and subsided: (A 'Obeyd:) or a stump, or the lower part, (اصل,) of a palm-tree, whereof the middle was hollowed out, then dates were put in them, with water, which became intoxicating نبيذ: (IAth:) the word is of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ. (Msb.) It is said in a trad., that Mohammad forbade النَّقِير, (S, * Msb, * TA,) meaning, the نبيذ thereof. (TA.) ― -b3- A trunk of a palm-tree, hollowed out, and having the like of steps made in it, by which one ascends to غُرف [or upper chambers]. (K. [See also عَجَلَةٌ.]) ― -b4- See also نُقْرَةٌ, throughout. نُقَارَةٌ ذ The quantity [of grain] which a bird pecks, or picks up. (K.) See 8, in art. قب. ― -b2- What remains from the boring, or excavating, (نَقْر,) of stones: like نُجَارَةٌ and نُحَاتَةٌ. (TA.) نَقَّارٌ ذ An engraver: or, accord. to Az, one who engraves stirrups and bits and the like: and one who bores (يَنْقُرُ) mill-stones. (TA.) ― -b2- (tropical:) One who investigates, scrutinizes, or examines, and endeavours to know, affairs, and news. (TA.) ناَقِرٌ ذ act. part. n. of نَقَرَ. ― -b2- (tropical:) An arrow that hits, (Msb,) or has hit, (S, A, K,) the butt, (S, K,) or the eye of the target: (A:) if it do not hit the butt it is not so called: (S, TA:) [but see a phrase following:] pl. نَوَاقِرُ. (A, Msb.) ― -b3- [Hence,] أَخْطَأَتْ نَوَاقِرُهُ (tropical:) [lit., His arrows that were wont to hit the butt missed]; meaning, he did not continue in the right course. (TA.) [And hence,] نَاقِرَةٌ (tropical:) A calamity; (K, TA;) pl. نَوَاقِرُ. (TA.) One says, رَمَاهُ الدَّهْرُ بِنَاقِرَةٍ, and بِنَوَاقِرَ, (tropical:) Fortune smote him with a calamity, and with calamities. (TA.) ― -b4- Also, نَاقِرَةٌ (tropical:) A right argument, allegation, evidence, or the like; syn. حُجَّةٌ مُصِيبَةٌ: in the K, a و is incorrectly inserted between these two words: but the pl., نَوَاقِرُ, is afterwards correctly rendered in the K. (TA.) One says, أَتَتْنِى عَنْهُ نَوَاقِرُ (tropical:) There came to me, from him, speech which displeased me, or grieved me: or right arguments, or the like, (K, TA,) like arrows hitting the mark. (TA.) In the L, رَمَاهُ بِنَوَاقِرَ (tropical:) He cast at him words that hit the mark. (TA.) نَاقُورٌ ذ (tropical:) A horn in which one blows; syn. صُورٌ: (S, K:) in the Kur, lxxiv. 8, the horn in which the angel shall blow for the congregating at the resurrection: the blast there mentioned is said to be the second blast: Fr. says that it is the first of the two blasts. (TA.) أُِنْقُورٌ ذ : see نُقْرَةٌ. مِنْقَرٌ ذ : see مِنْقَارٌ. مُنَقَّرُ العَيْنِ ذ , (K,) and ↓ مُنْتَقَرُهَا , (Sgh, K,) or ↓ مُنْتَقِرُهَا , (CK,) Having the eye sunken. (K.) مِنْقَارٌ ذ The beak of a bird; that which is to a bird as the mouth to a man; (Msb;) because it pecks, or picks up, with it: (TA:) or of a bird which is not one of prey; that of a bird of prey being called مِنْسَرٌ: (Fs, and S in art. نسر, and MF:) therefore the explanation in the K, which is, the مِنْسَر of a bird, is incorrect: (MF:) [and the dual signifies the two mandibles of a bird; used in this sense in the TA, art. صغو:] pl. مَنَاقِيرُ. (S.) ― -b2- Hence, (TA,) The fore part of the خُفّ [app. meaning the foot of a camel, not a boot]. (K.) ― -b3- [A kind of pickaxe; or a pick, by which a mill-stone, or the like, is pecked, or wrought into shape, and roughened in its surface; (see 1;)] an iron instrument like the فَأْس, (A, K,) slender, round, and having a خَلْف [or pointed head], (TA,) with which one pecks, (يُنْقَرُبِهَا, A, K, TA,) and cuts stones, and hard earth; (TA;) used [also] by a carpenter: (S:) and ↓ مِنْقَرٌ signifies [app. the same, or nearly the same,] i. q. مِعْوَلٌ: (S, K:) [the former is applied in the present day to a chisel:] pl. of the former, مَنَاقِيرُ; (S;) and of the latter, مَنَاقِرُ. (TA.) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, “ كَأَرْحَآءِ رَقْدٍ زَلَّمَتْهَا المَنَاقِرُ
” [Like mill-stones of Rakd (a mountain so called) which the minkars have rounded]. (TA.) See زَلَّمَ. مُنْتَقَرُ العَيْنِ ذ , or مُنْتَقِرُهَا: see مُنَقَّر.
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