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1 نَثَرَ ذ , aor. نَثُرَ , (S, M, A, Msb, K,) and نَثِرَ , (M, Msb, K,) inf. n. نَثْرٌ (S, M, A, Msb, K) and نِثَارٌ, (M, K,) or the latter is a simple subst., (S, A, Msb,) He scattered a thing, sprinkled it, strewed it, dispersed it, or threw it dispersedly, (Lth, T, M, A, Msb, K, TA,) with his hand; (Lth, T;) as, for instance, grain, (Lth, T,) and fruit and the like, (Msb,) walnuts and almonds and sugar, (Lth, T,) and pearls, &c.; (A;) as also ↓ نثّر , (M, K,) inf. n. تَنْثِيرٌ; (TA;) [or the latter is with teshdeed to denote muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action; or its application to many objects: see مَنْثُورٌ.] ― -b2- نَثَرَتِ النَّخْلَةُ (tropical:) The palm-tree [scattered or] shook off its unripe dates. (A.) ― -b3- وَجَأَهُ فَنَثَرَ أَمْعَآءَهُ (tropical:) He smote him with a knife and scattered his intestines]. (M, A.) ― -b4- لَأَنْثُرَنَّكَ نَثْرَ الكَرِشِ (tropical:) [I will assuredly scatter thine intestines like as one scatters the contents of the stomach of a ruminant beast]: said in threatening. (A.) ― -b5- نَثَرَ وَلَدًا (tropical:) He (a man, M) had many children born to him. (M, K, TA.) And نَثَرَتِ المَرْأَةُ بَطْنَهَا, (T, A, Mgh TA,) and ذَا بَطْنِهَا, (T, Mgh, TA,) and كَرِشَهَا, (A, in art. كرش,) (tropical:) The woman brought forth many children; (T, A, in art. كرش;) scattered children; للزَّوْجِ to the husband. (Mgh.) ― -b6- نَتَرَ الكَلَامَ (tropical:) He spoke, or talked, much. (M, K, TA.) ― -b7- نَثَرَ قِرَاءَتَهُ (tropical:) He hastened, or was quick, in his reading, or reciting. (A.) ― -b8- نَثَرَ, aor. نَثِرَ , inf. n. نَثِيرٌ, (tropical:) He (a beast of carriage, M, K, and a camel, M, and an ass, T) sneezed [app. so as to scatter the moisture in his nostrils]: (T, M, K, TA:) or did with his nose what is like sneezing: (T:) he (an ass, and a sheep or goat) sneezed, and expelled what annoyed or hurt him, from his nose: (A:) or نَثَرَتْ she (a ewe or goat) ejected from her nose what annoyed or hurt her. (S.) And نَثَرَ, (Fr, T, IAth, Mgh, Msb,) aor. نَثِرَ , (T, IAth,) inf. n. نَثْرٌ (T, Mgh) [and app. نَثِيرٌ, as above], (tropical:) He [a man] blew his nose; ejected the mucus from his nose; syn. امْتَخَطَ; (IAth;) as also ↓ استنثر : (S, K, art. مخط:) and he ejected what was in his nose, of mucus, and of that which annoyed or hurt him, in performing the ablution termed وُضُوْء; (Sgh, TA;) as also ↓ أَنْثَرَ , accord. to some: (TA:) or ↓ أَنْثَرَ signifies he ejected what was in his nose; or he emitted his breath from his nose; or he introduced the water into his nose; as also ↓ انتثر and ↓ استنثر : (K:) but this last explanation is outweighed in authority; the form ↓ انثر is disallowed by the leading lexicologists; and the author of the K, in respect of this form, follows Sgh, without due consideration: (TA:) [accord. to the more approved opinion,) نَثَرَ signifies he scattered what was in his nose by the breath; as also ↓ انتثر and ↓ استنثر : (S:) or, as some of the learned say, he snuffed up water, and then ejected what was in it, of anything annoying or hurting, or of mucus; as also ↓ استنثر : (IAar, T, Mgh:) or ↓ استنثر (T, M, IAth, K) and ↓ انتثر , (K,) he snuffed up water, and then ejected it (T, M, IAth, K) by the breath of the nose: (T, M, K:) accord. to some, نَثَرَ and ↓ استنثر signify he (a person performing وُضُوْء) snuffed up water: but others say that the latter signifies he ejected what was in his nose, of mucus &c.; agreeably with a trad. to be cited below: (Msb:) IAar says, that ↓ استنثر signifies he snuffed up water, and put in motion the نَثْرَة, or end of the nose, in purification: (T [in the Mgh, this explanation is ascribed to Fr:]) and Fr, that نَثَرَ and ↓ انتثر and ↓ استنثر signify he put in motion the نَثْرَة, in purification. (T.) It is said of Mohammad, كَانَ يَسْتَنْشِقُ ثَلَاثًا فِى كُلِّ مَرَّةٍ يَسْتَنْثِرُ [He used to snuff up water three times, every time ejecting it; &c.] and this indicates that ↓ استنثر differs from استنشق. (T, Mgh, Msb.) And it is said in a trad., إِِذَا ا@سْتَنْشَقْتَ فَا@نْثُرْ, (S, Msb,) and فَا@نْثِرْ, with the conjunctive ا, and with damm and kesr to the ث, (Msb,) When thou snuffest up water, scatter what is in thy nose by the breath; (S;) or eject what is in thy nose, of mucus, &c.: (Msb:) or, as A'Obeyd relates it, ↓ فَأَنْثِرْ ; inf. n. إِِنْثَارٌ: (Msb:) or, as he relates it إِِذَا تَوَضَّاتَ فَأَنْثِرْ, with the disjunctive ا; and he does not explain it; but the lexicologists do not allow ↓ أَنْثَرَ , from الإِِنْثَارُ; one only says, نَثَرَ and ↓ انتثر and ↓ استنثر . (T.) No instance of ↓ استنثر used transitively has been heard, except in a trad. of El-Hasan Ibn-'Alee, أَنْفَهُاِسْتَنْثَرَ [He ejected the contents of his nose; or he blew his nose]; as though the root [نَثَرَ] were regarded in it, or as though it were made to import the meaning of نَقَّى. (Mgh.) 2 نَثَّرَ see 1, first signification. 3 نَاْثَرَ [ناثرهُ He contended with him in scattering, strewing, or dispersing, a thing or things. And hence,] ― -b2- رَأَيْتُهُ يُنَاثِرُهُ الدُّرَّ [lit., I saw him contending with him in scattering pearls: meaning,] (tropical:) I saw him holding a disputation, or colloquy, with him, in beautiful, or elegant, language. (A.) 4 انثر ذ as syn. with نَثَرَ and استنثر and انتثر: see 1, latter half, -A2- انثرهُ (tropical:) He made his nose to bleed; syn. أَرْعَفَهُ. (S, A, K.) You say, طَعَنَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ (tropical:) [He pierced him and made his nose to bleed]: (S:) and ضَرَبَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ [He smote him and made his nose to bleed]. (A.) ― -b2- (tropical:) He threw him down upon his نَثْرَة, (M, A, TA,) i. e., (TA,) [upon the end of his nose: or] upon his خَيْشُوم. (K, TA.) You say, طَعَنَهُ فَأَنْثَرَهُ عَنْ فَرَسِه (tropical:) [He pierced him and threw him down upon the end of his nose from his horse]. (M, A. *) 5 تَنَثَّرَ see 8. 6 تَنَاْثَرَ see 8. 8 انتثر ذ (S, M, A, Msb, K) and ↓ نتاثر (S, M, A, K) and ↓ تنثّر (M, K) It became scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly: (S, * M, A, Msb, K:) [or the second more properly signifies it became scattered, &c., by degrees, gradually, or part after part; resembling تَسَاقَطَ &c.: and the third, being quasi-pass. of 2, denotes muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action; or its application to many things.] You say, انتثرت الكَوَاكِبُ (assumed tropical:) The stars became dispersed: or became scattered like grain. (TA.) And انتثروا and ↓ تنثّروا (tropical:) [They (meaning men) became as though they were scattered by the hand]. (A.) [And الشَّعَرُتناثر , and الوَرَقُ, (assumed tropical:) The hair, and the leaves, fell off, and became scattered, by degrees.] And القَوْمُتناثر (tropical:) The people fell sick and died [one after another]: (M, K: *) or you say مَوْتًامَرِضُوا فَتَنَاثَرُوا [they fell sick and became separated by death, one after another]. (A.) -A2- See also 1, latter half, throughout. 10 إِِسْتَنْثَرَ see 1, latter half, throughout. نَثْرٌ ذ (tropical:) [Prose: so accord. to general usage: and] rhyming prose: contr. of نَظْمٌ: so called as being likened to [scattered pearls, or] scattered grain. (TA.) نَثَرٌ ذ : see نُثَارٌ: and نِثَارٌ: and مُنْتَثِرٌ. -A2- (tropical:) Loquacity, (M, TA,) and the divulging of secrets. (TA.) نَثِرٌ ذ (tropical:) Loquacious; one who talks much: as also ↓ مِنْثَرٌ (M, K) and ↓ نَيْثُرَانٌ : (Sgh, K:) or vainly or frivolously loquacious, and a divulger of secrets: (A:) fem. نَثِرَةٌ only. (M.) نَثْرَةٌ ذ [A single act of scattering, strewing, dispersing, or throwing dispersedly, with the hand. And hence,] ― -b2- (tropical:) A sneeze: (K:) or the like thereof; peculiar to a beast of carriage (S) [or other beast, and a fish, as appears from what here follows.] It is said in a trad. (A, TA) of Kaab, (TA,) الجَرَادُ نَثْرَةُ حُوتٍ (A, TA) (tropical:) The locust is [produced by] the sneeze of a fish: or, as in a trad. of I'Ab, نَثْرَةُ الحُوتِ the sneeze of the fish. (TA.) [From this it is inferred that the locust is, like fish, lawful to be captured by one in a state of إِِحْرَام.] -A2- (tropical:) The end of the nose: (IAar, T:) or i. q., خَيْشُومٌ: (A:) or the خيشوم with what is next to it: (M, K:) and (M, A; but in the K, or) the interstice that is between the two mustaches, (S, M, A, K,) against the partition between the two nostrils: (S, M, K:) so [in a man and] in the lion: (S, M:) or the nose or the lion. (M.) ― -b2- Hence, (T, &c.,) النَّثْرَةُ, (T, S, M, K,) and نَثْرَةُ الأَسَدِ, (T, A,) (tropical:) Two stars, between which is the space of a span, (شبْرٌ, [said in several law-books to be the twelfth part of a رُمْح, and therefore twenty-two minutes and a half, accord. to modern usage; but there is reason to believe that ancient usage differed from the modern with respect to both these measures, and was not precise nor uniform;]) and in [or between] which is a particle (لَطْخٌ) of white, as though it were a portion of cloud; it is the nose of Leo, [which the Arabs extended far beyond the limits which it has upon our globes, (see الذِّرَاعُ,)] (S, K,) and is a Mansion of the Moon: (S:) [app. the Aselli; Asellus Boreus and Asellus Australis; two small stars in Cancer, between which is a little cloud or nebula, called Præsepe: (see Pliny, l. xviii. c. 35:)] a certain star or asterism, which is of the stars or asterisms of Leo, and which is a Mansion of the Moon: (M:) [app. meaning the same, or Præsepe:] or a certain star in the sky, as though it were a particle (لَطْخ) of cloud, over against two small stars, in the science of astronomy pertaining to the sign of Cancer [though accord. to the Arabs belonging to Leo]: (T:) [app. Præsepe; the two small stars adjacent to it being the Aselli:] a certain star, as though it were a particle (لَطْخٌ) of cloud; so called because it appears as though the lion had ejected if from his nose: (A:) [app. meaning the same:] in the Megista [of Ptolemy] it is mentioned by the name of the manger [i. e., Præsepe], and the name of the two small [for المنيرة in my copy of Kzw, I read الصفيرة,] stars is the two asses [i. e., the Aselli]: (Kzw, Description of Cancer:) or the nose and nostrils of the lion, consisting of three obscure stars, near together: الطَّرْفُ is [before them, and is] the two eyes of the lion, consisting of two stars, before which is الجَبْهَةُ, consisting of four stars: (AHeyth:) [app. meaning the Aselli together with Præsepe:] three stars, near together; the nose of the lion; [app. meaning the same;] which compose the Eighth Mansion of the Moon: (Kzw, Description of the Mansions of the Moon:) [these descriptions apply to this Mansion of the Moon accord. to those who make النَّوْء to signify “ the heliacal rising: ” see مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل:] or the bright star [app. meaning b] in Cancer: (Kzw, Description of Cancer:) [this agrees with the place of the Eighth Mansion of the Moon accord. to those who make النَّوْء to signify “ the anti-heliacal setting: ” see again مَنَازِلُ القَمَر.] The Arabs say إِِذَا طَلَعَتِ النَّثْرَةُ قَنَأَتِ البُسْرَةُ, meaning, When النثرة rises [heliacally], the unripe date begins to have its redness intermixed with blackness: its rising is very soon after that of الشِّعْرَى [or Sirius: about the epoch of the Flight, it rose heliacally, in central Arabia, on the 17th of July, O. S.; and Sirius, on the 13th of the same month]. (M.) نُثَارٌ ذ What becomes scattered, strewn, or dispersed, of, or from, a thing; (S, Msb;) as also ↓ نُثَارَةٌ , (M, K,) and ↓ نَثَرٌ , (K, [but see مُنْتَثِرٌ,]) and, as some say, ↓ نِثَارٌ : (Msb:) so the ↓ نُثَارَة of wheat, and of barley, and the like: (Lh, M:) or نُثَارٌ signifies the crumbs of bread, and of everything, that become scattered around the table: (T:) or the crumbs of the table that become scattered around: as also ↓ نُثَارَةٌ : (A:) or this last, what becomes scattered from the table, and is eaten in the hope of obtaining a recompense [for preventing its being thrown away or trodden under foot]. (Lh, M, K. *) نِثَارٌ ذ , with kesr, a subst. from نَثَرَ, (S, A, Msb,) signifying The act of scattering, strewing, dispersing, or throwing dispersedly, [anything,] (Lth, T, A, Msb,) [and particularly fruits and the like, such as] walnuts and almonds and sugar [and money, &c., on festive occasions,] and grain. (Lth, T.) You say شَهِدْتُ نِثَارَ فُلَانٍ I was present at, or I witnessed, such a one's scattering (Lth, T, A) of fruits, &c. (Lth, T.) And كُنَّا فِى نِثَارِهِ We were at his scattering. (A.) ― -b2- Also, What is scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly, (A, Msb, TA,) of such things as sugar and fruits and the like, (A, TA,) [and money, &c., on festive occasions;] a subst., (A, TA,) in the sense of مَنْثُورٌ, (A, Msb, TA,) like كِتَابٌ in the sense of مَكْتُوبٌ; (Msb;) as also ↓ نَثَرٌ . (A, TA.) [See also مُنْتَثَرٌ.] You say أَصَنْتُ مِنَ النِّثَارِ I obtained [somewhat] of the scattered [sugar or fruits &c.]. (Msb.) And مَا أَصَبْنَا مِنْ نَثَرِ فُلَانٍ شَيْئًا We did not obtain aught of such a one's scattered things, such as sugar and fruit. (TA.) ― -b3- Accord. to some, i. q. نُثَارٌ in the first of the senses explained above. (Msb.) نَثُورٌ ذ (tropical:) A female, (S, K,) or woman, (M,) having numerous offspring: (S, M, A, K:) and so a male, (M,) or man. (TA.) ― -b2- (tropical:) A ewe, or she-goat, (TA,) having a wide orifice to the teat: (K, TA:) as though she scattered the milk. (TA.) ― -b3- See also نَاثِرٌ. نَثِيرٌ ذ : see مَنْثُورٌ. نُثَارَةٌ ذ : see نُثَارٌ, in three places. نَاثِرٌ ذ (A) and ↓ مِنْثَارٌ (A, K) (tropical:) A palm-tree (نَخْلَةٌ) that shakes off its unripe dates: (A:) or of which the unripe dates become scattered. (K.) ― -b2- And the former, (tropical:) A sheep or goat that coughs, so that something becomes scattered from its nose; as also نَافِرٌ: (As, S:) or a sheep or goat that ejects from its nose what resembles worms; as also ↓ نَثُورٌ : (M, K:) or that sneezes, and ejects from its nose what annoys or hurts it, resembling worms. (TA.) نَيْثُرَانٌ ذ : see نَثِرٌ. مِنْثَرٌ ذ : see نَثِرٌ. دُرٌّ مُنَثَّرٌ ذ Pearls scattered, or strewn, much. (S, TA.) See مَنْثُورٌ. مِنْثَارٌ ذ : see نَاثِرٌ. دُرٌّ مَنْثُورٌ ذ , and ↓ نَثِيرٌ , Pearls scattered, strewn, dispersed, or thrown dispersedly, with the hand. (A, * TA.) See also مُنْتَثِرٌ, and مُنَثَّرٌ. You say ↓ كَأَنَّ لَفْظَهُ الدُّرُّ النَّثِيرُ [As though his speech were scattered pearls]. (A.) ― -b2- لَهُ كَرِشٌ مَنْثُورَةٌ (tropical:) He has [numerous] young children. (A, art. كرش.) ― -b3- Also مَنْثُورٌ A kind of sweet-smelling flower; (TA;) [the gilliflower: so called in the present day: see also خِيرِىٌّ.] ― -b4- See also خَشْخَاشٌ. مُنْتَثِرٌ ذ In a scattered or strewn state; in a state of dispersion; (M;) as also ↓ مُتَنَاثِرٌ , (TA,) and ↓ نَثَرٌ , which last is applied to a thing and to things. (M.) See also نِثَارٌ, and نُثَارٌ, and مَنْثُورٌ. You say ↓ دُرٌّ مُتَنَاثِرٌ [Pearls in a scattered state]. (TA.) مُتَنَاثِرٌ ذ : see مُنْتَثِرٌ.

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