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قَٰضَّ ذ , (S, M, A, &c.,) aor. يَقُضُّ, (S, M, Msb,) inf. n. قَضٌّ, (M, Msb,) He bored, or perforated, a pearl, (S, M, A, K,) or a piece of wood. (Msb.) قَضَّ دُرَّةً is also used as signifying قَضَّ عَنْهَا صَدَفَهَا فَا@سْتَخْرَجَهَا [app. meaning He broke through the shell of the pearl so as to disclose it, and extracted it.] (TA.) ― -b2- Also, (M, A, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M,) He broke a thing: (M:) or he broke a stone with the مِقَضّ, q. v.: (A:) or he broke, brayed, crushed, or broke in pieces by beating, a thing; syn. دَقّ; (K;) as also ↓ قَضْقَضَ : (TA:) which latter also signifies he broke a thing in pieces [in any manner]. (M, TA.) You say also, قَضَّ الحَائِطَ, (A,) or الجِدَارَ, (TA,) meaning He threw down, pulled down, pulled to pieces, demolished, or destroyed, with violence, the wall. (A, TA.) And ↓ الأَسَدُ يُقَضْقِضُ فَرِيسَتَهُ (S, A) The lion breaks the limbs and bones of his prey. (A.) And جَنْبَهُ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ ↓ قَضْقَضْتُ I severed his side from his back-bone. (Sh.) ― -b3- [Hence,] قَضَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الخَيْلَ, (S, M, A [in the first and last قَضَضْنَا]) aor. as above, (M, A,) and so the inf. n., (M,) (tropical:) He sent, or sent forth, (M, TA,) or impelled, (TA,) [or dispersed, (see 7,)] the horses, or horsemen, against them, or upon them. (M, TA.) ― -b4- قَضَّ الوَتِدَ, (JK, O, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He pulled out (قَلَعَ, in some copies of the K قَطَعَ,) the wooden pin or peg or stake. (JK, O, K, TA.) -A2- قَضَّ السَّوِيقَ, (Zj, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Zj,) (tropical:) He put into the سويق [i. e. meal of parched barley, or gruel made thereof,] something dry, or hard, such as sugar, or قَنْد [i. e. sugar-candy]; (Zj, K;) as also ↓ أَقَضَّهُ : (A, Sgh, K:) and ↓ قَضْقَضَ signifies (tropical:) he put much sugar into his سويق. (IAar.) -A3- قَضِضْتُ الطَّعَامَ, (TA,) and قَضِضْتُ مِنْهُ, (S, M, K,) [aor. أَقَضُّ,] inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (M, TA,) I found pebbles, (S, M, K,) or dust, (M, K,) between my teeth in eating the food. (S, M, K.) ― -b2- قَضّ الطَّعَامُ, aor. يَقَضُّ, (S, A, K,) inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (A, TA,) The food had in it pebbles, (S, * A, * K, * TA,) or dust, (K, * TA,) which got between the teeth of the eater: (S, * K, * TA:) from قَضَضٌ [q. v.]: (S:) the verb is like عَلِمَ, in this sense as well as in that next preceding; intrans. as well as trans.: (TA:) and ↓ أَقَضَّ signifies [in like manner] it (food) had in it pebbles and dust. (TA.) And قَضَّ اللَّحْمُ, (IAar, M,) second pers. قَضِضْتَ, [aor. يَقَضُّ,] inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (M,) The flesh-meat had in it قَضَض [q. v.], which got between the teeth of its eater, like small pebbles: (IAar:) or fell upon pebbles, or dust, which one consequently found in the eating of it. (M.) And قَضَّتِ البَضْعَةُ بِالتُّرَابِ The piece of flesh-meat had some dust upon it; as also ↓ أَقَضَّت . (M, K.) An Arab of the desert, describing the effect of rains, said, لَوْ أَلْقَيْتَ بَضْعَةً مَا قَضَّتْ, i. e. [If thou wert to throw down a piece of flesh-meat,] it would not become dusty; meaning, by reason of the abundance of the herbage. (M.) You say also, قَضَّ المَكَانُ, aor. يَقَضُّ, inf. n. قَضَضٌ, The place had in it, or upon it, قَضَض [or small pebbles, or dust]; as also ↓ أَقَضَّ ; (M, K;) and ↓ استقضّ . (K.) And قَضَّ الفِرَاشُ, aor. and inf. n. as in the next preceding instance, The bed became overspread with dust. (M.) And عَلَيْهِ المَضْجَعُ ↓ أَقَضَّ (S, M, A, K *) The bed, or place where he lay upon his side, was, or became, rough to him, and dusty: (S, K: *) or had قَضَض, or small pebbles, upon it: (TA:) or was, or became, uneasy to him; as also قَضَّ عليه: (M, TA:) or both signify he did not sleep: or his sleep was uneasy. (TA.) And [hence] عَلَيْهِ الهَمُّ ↓ أَقَضَّ (assumed tropical:) [Grief, or anxiety, disquieted him]. (A, TA.) 4 أَقْضَ3َ see 1, in six places; from قَضَّ السَّوِيقَ to the end of the paragraph. -A2- اقضّ ا@للّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ المَضْجَعَ God rendered the bed, or the place where he lay upon his side, rough to him, and dusty: thus the verb is trans. as well as intrans. (S, K. *) And اقضّ الشَّىْءَ He left the thing [consisting of, or overspread with,] small pebbles. (K, * TA.) 5 تَقَضَّضَ ذ and تَقَضَّى : see 7. 7 انقضّ ذ It (a thing) broke, or became broken. (Msb.) Said of a wall, it signifies the same: (T, Msb, TA:) or it became thrown down, pulled down, pulled to pieces, demolished, or destroyed, with violence: (A:) or it fell down: (S:) or it cracked, without falling down; (M, K;) as also اِنْقَاضَّ [from نَقَضَ]; inf. n. [of the former] اِنْقِضَاضٌ; (K;) [and اِنْقَاضَ, inf. n. اِنْقِيَاضٌ;] but if it fall, you say, تَقَيَّضَ, inf. n. تَقَيُّضٌ: so says AZ: (TA:) A 'Obeyd and others reckon it a biliteral-radical word, belonging to this art.; (M;) or AZ reckons it as such; (TA;) but Aboo- 'Alee makes it a triliteral-radical, [like its syn. اِنْقَاضَّ,] from نَقَضَ, holding its measure to be اِفْعَلَّ. (M, TA.) ― -b2- It became cut in pieces. (TA.) ― -b3- [And hence,] انقضّت أَوْصَالُهُ (assumed tropical:) His connections became sundered, or separated. (TA.) [See also انفضّ.] ― -b4- [And from انقضّ as explained above on the authority of the S, or of the A, is derived the phrase] انقضّ الطَّائِرُ (S, M, A, &c.) (tropical:) The bird dropped down (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) swiftly from the air, (Mgh,) in its flight, (S, Msb,) to alight (M, K, TA) upon a thing; (TA;) [i. e. pounced down, darted down, or made a stoop;] as also ↓ تَقَضَّضَ and ↓ تَقَضَّى , (M, K,) the latter of which is formed by permutation; (M;) or only the latter of these two is used; (S;) or the latter of them is the more chaste; (TA;) for the three dáds are found difficult of pronunciation, and therefore one of them is changed into yé, like as is the case in تَظَنَّى [for تَظَنَّنَ], from الظَّنٌّ, (S, TA,) and تَمَطَّى for تَمَطَّطَ. (TA.) You say, انقضّ البَازِى عَلَى الصَّيْدِ The hawk [made a stoop, or] flew down swiftly upon the prey, or quarry. (TA.) ― -b5- Hence, (S,) انقضّ said of a star, or an asterism, (S, A,) (tropical:) [It darted down: or] it dropped down. (TA.) ― -b6- Hence also, (TA,) انقضّت عَلَيْهِمْ الخَيْلُ (tropical:) The horses, or horsemen, rushed, or went swiftly, upon them, or against them: (S, * TA:) or dispersed themselves, or became dispersed, against them, or upon them. (M, K.) 8 اقتضّها ذ (tropical:) He devirginated her; (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) namely a girl, (S, A, Mgh,) or a woman; (M;) or either, i. e. before and after puberty; whereas ابتكرها and ابتسرها and اختضرها are only used as meaning before puberty: (Msb:) and افتضّها, with ف, signifies the same as اقتضّها. (TA.) ― -b2- [Hence,] اقتضّ الإِِدَاوَةَ (assumed tropical:) He opened the head [or mouth] of the اداوة [or water-skin]. (TA.) 10 إِِسْتَقْضَ3َ see 1, near the end. -A2- استقضّ مَضْجَعَهُ He found his bed, or the place where he lay upon his side, to be rough. (S, K.) ― -b2- [And hence,] استقضّ الهَمَّ (assumed tropical:) [He found grief, or anxiety, to be disquieting to him]. (A, TA.) R. Q. 1 قَضْقَضَ ذ : see 1, first half, in four places: and see قَضْقَضَةٌ, below. R. Q. 2 تَقَضْقَضَ ذ It broke, or became broken, into pieces: (M:) it separated, or dispersed; or became separated, or dispersed; (K, TA;) said of a company of men, in a trad. (TA.) قَضٌّ ذ A place in which are قَضَض, (M, K,) meaning small pebbles, or dust; (M;) as also ↓ قَضِضٌ . (M, K.) And أَرْضٌ قَضَّةٌ, (M,) or ↓ قَضَّةٌ [alone, as though a subst.], (K,) and ↓ قِضَّةٌ , (S, K,) Land in which are pebbles: (S, M, K:) and land abounding with stones: (M:) or low, or depressed, land, the ground of which is sand, and by the side of which is plain, or hard, and elevated land: (Lth in explanation of the last of these words, and K:) pl. of the last, قِضَضٌ. (Lth.) Also, Food in which are pebbles and dust: (TA:) and flesh-meat that has fallen upon pebbles, or dust, (M,) or upon stones, or pebbles, (TA,) which one consequently finds in eating it: (M, TA:) and anything having dust in it, or upon it; as food, or a garment, &c.: (M, TA:) and [in like manner] ↓ قَضِضٌ , (S,) or ↓ قَضَضٌ , (K,) but when applied to a place, the author of the K writes it قَضِضٌ, (TA,) food containing pebbles, (S, K,) or dust, (K,) getting between the teeth of the eater. (S, K.) -A2- See also قَضَضٌ, in two places. قَضَّةٌ ذ : see قِضَّةٌ, in four places. -A2- Also, of a star, or an asterism, (tropical:) i. q. نَوْءٌ [here signifying The dawn-setting thereof; for it is] from إِِنْقَضَّ said of a star, or asterism. (TA.) So in the saying (TA) أَتَيْنَا عِنْدَ قَضَّةِ النَّجْمِ (tropical:) [We came at the dawnsetting of the asterism, meaning the Pleiades]. (A, * TA.) And مُطِرْنَا بِقَضَّةِ الأَسَدِ (tropical:) [We were rained upon, or we had rain at, lit. by means of, the dawn-setting of the Lion]. (A, TA.) -A3- See also قَضَضٌ, in three places. -A4- And see قَضٌّ. قِضَّةٌ ذ , (M, K,) or ↓ قَضَّةٌ , (A,) (tropical:) [Devirgination]; a subst. from إِِقْتَضّ in the former of the two senses assigned to it above. (M, K.) You say, لَيْلَةَ عُرْسِهَا ↓ كَانَ ذٰلِكَ عِنْدَ قَضَّتِهَا (tropical:) [That was on the occasion of her devirgination, on the night of her being conducted to her husband]. (A, TA.) -A2- Also the former, (S, M, Msb,) or ↓ latter, (A, Mgh,) or both, (K,) (tropical:) The virginity, or maidenhead, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) of a girl, (S, Mgh, K,) or of a woman, (M,) or of both. (Msb.) You say, أَخَذَ قِضَّتَهَا, (Lh, M,) and ↓ ذَهَبَ بِقَضَّتِهَا , (A, Mgh,) (tropical:) He took her virginity. (Lh, M, Mgh.) -A3- See also قَضَضٌ. -A4- And see قَضُّ. قَضَضٌ ذ A thing broken, brayed, crushed, or broken in pieces by beating: (TA:) pebbles broken in pieces and crushed: (TA:) or, as also ↓ قَضَّةٌ , pebbles broken into small pieces: (K:) or small pebbles broken in pieces: (A:) or, accord. to some, the former is pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of the latter: (TA:) or both signify pebbles, and dust: (TA:) or the former signifies small pebbles; (S, M;) as also ↓ قِضَّةٌ , (S, K,) and ↓ قَضَّةٌ , (K,) and ↓ قَضِيضٌ , accord. to IAar, as is said by IAth and Sgh and the author of the L, not ↓ قَضٌّ , as is said in the K, for this signifies large pebbles, accord. to IAar, as is said by the three authors mentioned above as citing him, and the author of the K has erred in assigning this last meaning to ↓ قَضِيضٌ : (TA:) or ↓ قَضٌّ signifies pebbles; and ↓ قَضِيضٌ is a pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] thereof: (AHeyth, L:) and قَضَضٌ also signifies dust that overspreads a bed. (M, K.) You say, إِِتَّقِ القَضَضَ فِى طَعَامِكَ, and ↓ القَضَّةَ , Beware thou of the pebbles and dust in thy food. (TA.) -A2- See also قَضٌّ. قَضِضٌ ذ : see قَضٌّ, in two places. قَضِيضٌ ذ : see قَضَضٌ, in three places. ― -b2- Also, (tropical:) Small pieces of food; as being likened to small pebbles. (Kt.) قَضْقَضَةٌ ذ The sound of the breaking of bones. (S.) ― -b2- [See also R. Q. 1., of which it is the inf. n.] مِقَضٌّ ذ An instrument with which stones are broken, (JK, A, TA,) resembling a قَدُوم, q. v. (JK.)
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