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قَمِرَ ذ , aor. قَمَرَ , (S, A, K,) inf. n. قَمَرٌ, (S,) He, (a man, S, A, K, and an antelope, and a bird, TA,) and it, (a man's sight, A,) became dazzled (S, A, K) in the moonlight, (A,) or by snow, (S, A, K,) so that he could not see: (S, A:) he (an antelope) became deprived of his sight by the light of the moon, so that he was perplexed, and unable to see his right course. (IKtt.) ― -b2- قَمِرَ, aor. قَمَرَ , (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He (a man, TA,) was, or became, sleepless in the moonlight. (K.) -A2- See also 3, throughout. 3 قامرهُ ذ , inf. n. قِمَارٌ (S, A, Msb, K) and مُقَامَرَةٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) He contended with him for stakes, or wagers, laid by both of them to be taken by the winner; syn. رَاهَنَهُ; (K;) [he contended with him in a game of hazard, such as that called المَيْسِر, or the like: (see Bd and Jel, ii. 216:)] in common modern conventional language, he played with him at a game in which it is generally made a condition that the winner shall receive something of the loser: (so accord. to an explanation which I find in several copies of the KT:) from تَقَمَِرَهُ signifying “ he deceived him; ” because قِمَار is [often] deception. (A.) You say قَامَرَهُ ↓ فَقَمَرَهُ , aor. of the latter قَمُرَ (JK, S, A, Msb, K) and قَمِرَ , (JK,) inf. n. قَمْرٌ, (S, Msb,) (tropical:) He contended with him for stakes, or wagers, &c., (S, * K,) and overcame him therein; (S, A, Msb, K;) and ↓ قَامَرَهُ فَتَقَمَّرَهُ signifies the same: (K:) or ↓ تقمّر signifies he overcame him who contended with him in the contest termed قِمَار: and ↓ قَمَرَهُ , aor. قَمِرَ , inf. n. قَمْرٌ, he played with him in the manner termed قِمَار and overcame him: (S:) or ↓ قَمَرَهُ , inf. n. قَمْرٌ, he overcame him in play; and so ↓ أَقْمَرَهُ : (IKtt:) or ↓ قَمَرَ , aor. قَمِرَ , (K,) inf. n. قَمْرٌ, (TA,) i. q. قامر, (K, * TK,) and is transitive: (TA:) you say قَمَرَ بِالقِدَاحِ, and بِالنَّرْدِ, [he contended for stakes, or wagers, &c., with the gaming-arrows, and with the apparatus for trictrac or backgammon]: (A:) and ↓ قَمَرَهُ [as syn. with قَامَرَهُ]: (TA:) and المَالَ ↓ قَمَرْتُهُ , aor. قَمِرَ , [so in a copy of the A, doubly trans., app. meaning I contended with him in a game of hazard for the property: or I so contended with him for the property and overcame him.] 4 اقمر الهِلَالُ ذ The new moon became what is termed قَمَر, in the third night. (A.) ― -b2- اقمرت لَيْلَتُنَا Our night became bright [with light of the moon]. (S, TA.) ― -b3- أَقْمَرْنَا [We entered upon the time of moonlight;] the moon rose upon us. (S, TA.) ― -b4- اقمر He (a man, TA) watched, or waited, for the rising of the moon. (K.) -A2- See also 3. 5 تقمّرهُ ذ He came to him in the moonlight. (S.) ― -b2- تقمّر الظِّبَآءَ, (A, TA,) and الطَّيْرَ, (TA,) He hunted, or pursued, the antelopes, (A, TA,) and the birds, (TA,) in the moonlight, so that their sight was dazzled. (A, TA.) ― -b3- تقمّر الأَسَدُ The lion went forth in the moonlight in quest of prey. (S, K. *) -A2- تقمّرهُ He deceived, beguiled, or circumvented, him; desired to do him some evil action without his knowing whence it proceeded. (A.) -A3- See also 3, in two places. 6 تقامروا ذ They played [together] in the manner termed قِمَار: (S:) they contended together for stakes, or wagers, &c.; (K;) [they contended together in a game of hazard, such as that called المَيْسِر, or the like: see 3.] القَمَرُ ذ The moon in its third night [and after]: (ISd, A, K:) or the moon during the interval between the first two and last two nights: (AHeyth:) or after three nights until the end of the month: (S:) [and the moon, absolutely, in many instances:] so called because of its whiteness, (S, Msb, TA,) from القُمْرَةُ: (TA:) of the masc. gender: pl. أَقْمَارٌ. (TA.) The dim., قُمَيْرٌ, is found to occur: (S:) and is applied to The moon at the time called مُحَاق [which is generally said to be applied to the last three nights of the month]: you say غَابَ قَمَيْرٌ [The moon at the time called مُحَاق set, or disappeared]. (A, TA.) ― -b2- اِسْتَرْعَيْتُ مَالِىَ القَمَرَ (tropical:) I left my cattle to pasture without a pastor to take care of them in the night: and [in like manner,] استرعيته الشَّمْس, in the day. (TA.) ― -b3- القَمَرَانِ The sun and the moon: one of them [namely the latter] being made predominant. (TA.) قَمِرٌ ذ : fem. with ة: see أَقْمَرُ. قُمْرَةٌ ذ A colour inclining to greenness: (A, K:) or whiteness inclining to dinginess or duskiness: (A:) or whiteness in which is a dinginess or duskiness: (K:) or clear, or pure, whiteness. (TA.) See also أَقْمَرُ. قَمَرِىٌّ ذ [Of, or relating to, the moon; lunar]. Ex. السَّنَةُ القَمَرِيَّةُ The lunar year. (Mgh, art. شمس.) قُمْرِىٌّ ذ is a rel. n. from طَيْرٌ قُمْرٌ: and قُمْرٌ is either pl. of أَقْمَرُ, like as حُمْرٌ is of أَحْمَرُ, or pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] of قُمْرِىٌّ, like as رُومٌ is of رُومِىٌّ: (S, Msb:) or قُمْرِىٌّ is a rel. n. from the name of a mountain, or of a place, or some other thing, accord. to different authors: or its ى is added to give intensiveness to its signification: (TA:) the قُمْرِىّ is [A bird] of the [species called] فَوَاخِت; [pl. of فَاخِتَةٌ;] (Msb;) a certain species of bird; so called because أَقْمَر [q. v.] in colour, like the فَاخِتَة in El-Hijáz; (JK;) [a species of collared turtle-dove, of a dull white colour marked with a black collar: such I have see in Egypt, caged; but they are rare there; and, I believe, are brought from Arabia:] the قُمْرِيَّة is a species of حَمَام, (K,) حَمَائِم [i. e. pigeons]: (M, TA:) or قُمْرِيَّةٌ is applied to the female; and the male is called سَاقُ حُرٍّ: (S, Msb, K: see سَاقُ حُرٍّ in art. سوق): and the pl. is قُمَارِىُّ, (S, Msb, K,) imperf. decl.; (S;) and accord. to some, قَمَارَى; (TA;) and قُمْرٌ. (K.) قِمَارٌ ذ : see 3. [It is often used as a subst., signifying (tropical:) A game of hazard, such as that called المَيْسِر, and the like.] قَمِيرٌ ذ (tropical:) An antagonist in the contention termed قِمَارٌ: (IJ, K:) pl. أَقْمَارٌ, (IJ, K,) which is anomalous, like أَنْصَارٌ, pl. of نَصِيرٌ. (TA.) أَقْمَرُ ذ Of a colour inclining to خُضْرَة: or of a dull or dingy or dusky white: (K:) and white: (S, Msb, K:) or intensely white: (IKtt:) fem. قَمْرَآءُ: (S, K:) pl. قُمْرٌ. (S, Msb.) You say حِمَارٌ أَقْمَرُ (S, A, Msb, K) An ass of the colour termed قُمْرَة: (K:) or a white ass: (S, A, Msb:) and أَتَانٌ قَمْرَآءُ a she-ass of the colour termed قُمْرَة: (K:) or a white she-ass. (S.) The Arabs say, that when the sky appears of the hue of the belly of a she-ass of this colour, it is most abundant in rain. (TA.) Also فَرَسٌ أَقْمَرُ A moon-coloured horse. (Mgh.) And سَحَابٌ أَقْمَرُ A cloud, or clouds, of a white colour: (S:) or intensely bright, by reason of the abundance of water therein: and [hence] full [of water]. (TA.) ― -b2- لَيْلَةٌ قَمْرَآءُ, (S, A, K,) and مُقْمِرَةٌ, (A, Msb, K,) and ↓ مُقْمِرٌ , (K) and ↓ قَمِرَةٌ , (IAar, K,) which last is held by ISd, to be a kind of rel. n., or possessive epithet, (TA,) A moon-lit night; a night in which the moon shines: (A, K:) or a light, or bright, night: (S:) or a white night. (Msb.) IAar, mentions لَيْلٌ قَمْرَآءُ; but ISd, says this is strange, and I think, he adds, that by ليل he means ليلة, or that he makes ليل fem. as a pl. (TA.) You also say لَيْلَةُ القَمْرَآءِ, meaning The night of moonlight: (Lth, A, Mgh:) for القَمْرَآءُ also signifies the moonlight. (Lth, A, Mgh, K.) And قَعَدٌنَا فِى القَمْرَآءِ We sat in the moonlight. (A.) And أَتْيْتُهُ فِى القَمْرَآءِ [I came to him in the moonlight]. (S.) ― -b3- وَجْهٌ أَقَمَرُ A face likened to the moon (K, * TA) in respect of whiteness. (TA.) مُقْمِرٌ ذ : see أَقْمَرُ. ― -b2- إِِنَّ اللَّيْلَ طَوِيلٌ وَأَنْتَ مُقْمِرٌ [Verily the night is long, and thou hast the light of the moon: a proverb:] meaning, Wait thou patiently for the accomplishment of thy want. (JK.) [See Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 45.]
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