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قَرِدَ ذ , aor. قَرَدَ , (S, L, K,) inf. n. قَرَدٌ, (S, L), It (wool) fell off by degrees from the sheep, and became compacted in lumps, or clotted: (S:) or it (wool, L, and hair, L, K) became contracted together, (L, K,) and knotted in its extremities; (L;) as also ↓ تقرّد . (L, K.) ― -b2- It (a tanned skin) became worm-eaten. (S, K.) -A2- (tropical:) He (a man) was, or became, silent by reason of impotence of speech; (S, K;) as also ↓ اقرد and ↓ قرّد : (K:) or he was, or became, abject, and humble, or submissive: or, acc. to IAar ↓ اقرد signifies he (a man) was, or became, silent by reason of abjectness: [see also خرِدَ:] or, acc. to another, he was, or became, still and abject. (TA.) See اقرد below. The verbs are used in these senses because, when a raven or crow lights upon a camel and picks off the ticks (قرْدَان), the beast remains still on account of the ease which it occasions him. (TA.) -A3- قَرَدَ, (L, K,) aor. قَرِدَ , (K,) inf. n. قَرْدٌ, (L,) He collected together, and gained, (L, K,) for his family. (L.) [You say] قَرَدَ فِى السِّقَآءِ He collected clarified butter in the skin; (L, K;) as also قَرَدَ سَمْنًا فى السِّقَآءِ: (S, L:) or he collected milk in the skin. (L, K.) See also قَلَدَ. 2 قرّدهُ ذ , inf. n. تَقْرِيدٌ, (K,) He plucked off his (a camel's, S, A) قِرْدَان [or ticks]: (S, A, K:) it (a raven, or crow) lighted upon him (a camel), and picked off his قِرْدَان [or ticks]. (A.) ― -b2- [Hence,] (tropical:) He rendered him (a camel, L,) submissive, or tractable: (L, K:) because a camel, when he is freed from his ticks (قِرْدَان), becomes quiet. (L.) [And, of a camel (?) it is said,] قرّد, (tropical:) he became submissive, and tractable. (K.) [And] قرّدهُ, (A, L, K,) and ↓ نَزَعَ قُرَادَهُ , (A,) [signify] (tropical:) He beguiled him (S, A, L, K) and wheedled, or cajoled, him; (L;) because a man, when he desires to take a refractory camel, first plucks off his ticks (يُقَرِّدُهُ). (S, L.) See also قَرِدَ. 4 اقرد ذ He (a camel) became still, quiet, or tranquil, in consequence of his having his ticks pulled off. (A.) [And hence] (tropical:) He (a camel) went at a gentle pace, not shaking, or jolting, his rider. (A.) ― -b2- (tropical:) He was, or became, silent, (K,) still, or quiet, (S, K,) and submissive, (K,) and feigned himself dead. (S, K. See قَرِدَ in two places.) ― -b3- (tropical:) He (a man) clave to the ground by reason of abjectness, or submissiveness. (A.) See art. خَرِدَ. 5 تقرّد ذ , see قَرِدَ ― -b2- It (flour) became heaped up, one part upon another. (L, from a trad.) قِرْدٌ ذ [The ape; the monkey; and the baboon;] a certain animal, (TA,) well known: (L, K:) fem. with ة: (S, L, Msb:) pl. [of pauc., of the masc.,] أَقْرُدٌ, (L, Msb,) and أَقْرَادٌ, (L, K,) and [of mult., of the same,] قُرُودٌ and قِرَدَةٌ, (S, L, Msb, K,) and [quasi-pl. n.] قَرِدَةٌ; (K;) and pl. of the fem., (S, L, Msb,) قِرَدٌ. (S, L, Msb, K.) Hence the proverb أَزْنَى مِنْ قِرْدٍ [More incontinent than an ape]; because the قِرْد is the most incontinent of animals: (K:) such is generally said to be the meaning of this proverb: (TA:) or (accord. to A'Obeyd, S, L) by قرد is here meant a man of the tribe of Hudheyl, named Kird, the son of Mo'áwiyeh. (S, L, K.) -A2- اِبْنُ القِرْدِ The حَوْدَل. (TA in art. بنى.) قَرَدٌ ذ [a coll. gen. n.] Refuse of wool; (L, K;) afterwards applied also to soft hair (وَبَر), and other hair, and flax: (L:) or soft hair and wool that fall off by degrees from the animals, and become compacted in lumps, or clotted: (L, K:) or refuse of wool, and what falls off by degrees from the sheep, and becomes compacted in lumps, or clotted: (S:) or bad wool: (R:) or the worst of wool and soft hair, and what is picked up thereof from the ground: (Nh:) a piece thereof is termed قَرَدَةٌ. (S.) It is said in a proverb, عَكَرَتْ عَلَى الغَزْلِ بِأَخَرَةٍ فَلَمْ تَدَعْ بِنَجْدٍ قَرَدَةٌ, عَكَرَتْ meaning عَطَفَتْ, [She returned to spinning at last, and left not in Nejd a piece of refuse of wool]: (S, L:) in the K, عَثَرَتْ is put for عَكَرَتْ; and both readings are mentioned by the relaters of proverbs: [عثرت على الغزل app. signifies she applied herself by chance to spinning:] the proverb is applied to him who neglects a needful business when it is possible, and seeks to accomplish it when it is beyond his reach: (K:) its origin is the fact, that a woman neglects spinning while she finds that which she may spin, (of cotton or flax &c., L,) until, when it is beyond her reach, she seeks for refuse of wool among sweepings and rubbish. (L, K.) ― -b2- Also, Palmbranches stripped of their leaves: n. un. with ة. (K.) ― -b3- Also, A thing like down, sticking to the [plant called] طُرْثُوث. (K.) ― -b4- Also, Little things, [i. e., little flocks of clouds,] less than [what are termed] سَحَاب [or clouds in the common acceptation of the term] not conjoined; as also ↓ مُتَقَرِّدٌ ; (K;) in some copies of the K ↓ مُتَقَرِّدَةٌ . (TA.) See also قَرِدٌ. -A2- Also, A hesitation in speech; (El-Hejeree, L, K;) because a man who hesitates in his speech is silent respecting somewhat of that which he would say. (L.) See also قَرِدَ. قَرِدٌ ذ Wool sticking together, and compacted in a lump or lumps: (A:) wool, and hair, contracted together, and knotted in its extremities. (L.) ― -b2- [Hence,] a cloud, or collection of clouds, dissundered, in the tracts of the sky, in parts, or portions, one upon another; cirro-cumulus: (S, L:) or of which the several portions are compacted together, (M, K,) one upon another; likened to soft hair such as is thus termed: (M:) or compacted in lumps, not smooth; as also ↓ مُتَقَرِّدٌ . (AHn.) See also قَرِدٌ. ― -b3- قَرِدُ الخَصِيلِ A horse [compact in frame;] not lax. (L, K.) -A2- A camel [&c.] abounding with قِرْدَان [or ticks]. (K.) -A3- And قَرِدٌ [an epithet used as a subst.] Accumulated foam which the camel casts forth from his mouth. (TA in art. توج. See an ex. in that art. voce مَتَاوِجُ.) قَرْدَدٌ ذ (in which the second د is not incorporated into the first because the word is quasi-coordinate to the class of those of the measure فَعْلَلٌ, S, L,) Elevated ground; (L, K;) as also ↓ قُرْدُودَةٌ : (K:) or elevated and rugged ground; as also ↓ قُرْدُودٌ : (L:) or a rugged and elevated place; (S, L;) as also ↓ قُرْدُودٌ : (S:) or a tract similar to what is termed قُفّ: (As:) or a prominent portion of ground by the side of a depressed place, or hollow: (M:) also, even, or plain, ground: (L:) pl. قَرَادِدُ and قَرَادِيدُ; (S, L, K;) the latter form being adopted from a dislike to [the concurrence of] the two dáls: (S, L:) Sb says, that قَرَادِيدُ is a pl. of قَرْدَدٌ; but as one also says قُرْدُودٌ, there is no reason for this assertion: (L:) ISh says, that ↓ قُرْدُودَةٌ signifies elevated and rugged ground producing little herbage, and all of it gibbous: and Sh, that it signifies an extended strip [of ground], like the قردودة of the back. (TA.) قُرْدُودٌ ذ : see قَرْدَدٌ, in two places. قُرْدُودَةٌ ذ : see قَرْدَدٌ. ― -b2- قُرْدُودَةُ الظَّهْرِ The upper, or highest, part of the back (L, K) of any beast of carriage: (L:) or the withers; syn. سِيسَآءٌ: (As, L:) or the elevated portion of the part called the ثَبَج; (S, L;) also called قُرْدُودَةُ الثَّبَجِ. (L.) ― -b3- قُرْدُودَةُ الشِّتَآءِ The severity and sharpness of winter: (K:) or its sterility and severity. (Aboo-Málik, L.) قُرَادٌ ذ [a coll. gen. n., The tick; or ticks;] a certain insect, (L, K,) well known, (L,) that clings to camels and the like, (Msb,) [and to dogs &c.,] and bites them; (L;) it is, to them, like the louse to man: (Msb:) [see also حَلَمَةٌ and حَمْنَانٌ:] n. un. with ة: (Msb:) pl. (of pauc., TA,) أَقْرِدَةٌ, (L,) and (of mult., L,) قِرْدَانٌ (S, L, Msb, K) and قُرُدٌ: (L:) قُرْدٌ also signifies the same as قُرَادٌ, (K,) or is a contraction of the pl. قُرُدٌ. (L.) أَذَلُّ مِنْ قُرَادٍ and أَسْفَلُ من قراد [Viler than a tick] are proverbial sayings. (TA.) -A2- القُرَادُ, (K,) or قُرَادُ الثَّدْىِ, (L,) or قُرَادُ الصَّدْرِ, (S, A,) (tropical:) The nipple (حَلَمَة) of the breast: (S, A, L, K:) called قُرَادٌ and حَلَمَةٌ as being likened. to a large tick: (Mgh in art. حلم:) the nipple of the dug of a mare. (K.) -A3- أَمُّ القِرْدَانِ The place between the fetlock and hoof of a horse: (S, L:) also, the part between the phalanges (سُلَامَيَات) of the foot of a camel. (L.) ― -b2- See also 2. قَرُودٌ ذ A camel that does not impatiently avoid having his ticks (قِرْدَان,) plucked off. (L, K.) ― -b2- [Hence,] (tropical:) a still, or quiet, man. (A.) قَرَّادٌ ذ A trainer of the قِرْد [or ape, monkey, or baboon]. (K.) مُتَقَرِّدٌ ذ : see قَرَدٌ and قَردٌ. مُتَقَرِّدَةٌ ذ : see قَرَدٌ.
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