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سَلُطَ ذ , aor. سَلُطَ , (M,) inf. n. سَلَاطَةٌ, (S, M, B,) He, or it, overcame, prevailed, or predominated: (S, TA:) or was, or became, firm, or established, in superior power or force: (B, TA:) he possessed power of dominion or sovereignty or rule. (M.) ― -b2- It (anything, as, for instance, a solid hoof, and a camel's foot,) was, or became, strong, or hard. (M.) ― -b3- He was, or became, sharp. (TA.) And the same verb, (M, Msb, K,) inf. n. as above (S, M, Msb, K) and سُلُوطَةٌ, (S, M, K,) He was, or became, chaste, or perspicuous, in speech, or eloquent, and sharp in tongue: (S:) or long-tongued;; (M, K;) as also سَلِطَ, aor. سَلَطَ , (K,) inf. n. سَلَطٌ: (TS, TA:) or clamorous and foultongued: (Msb:) [or this verb, said of a man, has the first of these three significations; but] سَلُطَتْ, inf. n. سَلَاطَةٌ, signifies she (a woman) was, or became, long-tongued, and vehemently clamorous. (Lth.) [See سَلِيطٌ, below.] 2 سلّطهُ عَلَيْهِ ذ , (S, M, Msb,) inf. n. تَسْلِيطٌ, (M, K,) also written with ص, (Ibn-'Abbád, and K in art. صلط,) He (God, S) made him to overcome him; to prevail, or predominate, over him; or to have, or exercise, superior power or force over him: (S, K:) he made him to have mastery, dominion, or authority, and power, over him: (Msb:) he made him to have, or exercise, absolute dominion or sovereignty or rule, over him; (M;) or absolute superiority of power or force: (K:) he gave him power over him, and superior power or force. (TA.) [You say also, سلّط عَلَيْهِ الكِلَابَ He set the dogs upon him.] 5 تسلّط عَلَيْهِمْ ذ He overcame them; prevailed or predominated, over them; or was made to do so; he had, or exercised, or was made to have or exercise, superior power or force over them: (S:) he had, or was made to have, mastery, dominion, or authority, and power, or absolute dominion or authority and power, over them: (Msb:) he had, or received, power over them; and superior power or force; quasi-pass. of سَلَّطَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ. (TA.) سَلْطٌ ذ : see سَلِيطٌ; for the former, in four places; and for the latter, in seven. سَلِطٌ ذ : see سَلِيطٌ; for the former, in four places; and for the latter, in seven. سُلْطَةٌ ذ : see سُلْطَانٌ; for the latter, in three places. سَلْطَنَةٌ ذ : see سُلْطَانٌ; for the latter, in three places. سُلْطَانٌ ذ Strength, might, force, or power; (TA;) as also ↓ سَلْطَنَةٌ : (Bd in iii. 144:) predominance; the possession, or exercise, of superior power or force, or of dominion, or authority, and power, or of absolute dominion or authority and power; (Mgh;) as also ↓ سُلْطَةٌ ; (S;) the former being syn. with تَسَلُّطٌ [used as a subst.]; (Mgh;) and the latter being the subst. from تَسَلَّطَ: (S:) power of dominion; sovereign, or ruling, power; (M;) [in this sense, as well as in the first,] i. q. ↓ سَلْطَنَةٌ ; (Msb;) power of a king; (Lth, Mgh, K;) and of a governor; (Mgh, Msb;) [i. e.] delegated power, or power given to one who is not a king; (TA;) also written سُلْطَانٌ; (M, Msb, K;) which is the only instance of this form: (Msb:) it is masc. and fem.; (M, TA;) generally masc., in the opinion of the skilful; but sometimes fem.; so say IAmb and Zj and others: (Msb:) but ISk says that it is fem. (TA.) One says, (ISk,) or some say, (Msb,) قَضَتْ بِهِ السُّلْطَانُ (ISk, Msb) The sovereign, or ruling, power (↓ السَّلْطَنَةُ ) decreed it. (Msb.) And Aboo-Zuheyr says, I heard one, in whose chasteness of speech I have confidence, say, أَتَتْنَا سُلْطَانٌ جَائِرَةٌ [A tyrannical sovereign, or ruling, power, came to us]. (Msb.) It is said in a trad., إِِلَّا أَنْ تَسْأَلَ ذَا سُلْطَان ٍ, meaning Unless thou ask the ruler, or governor, or the king, for thy due from the public treasury. (Mgh.) And you say, قَدْ جَعَلْتُ لَكَ سُلْطَانًا عَلَى أَخْذِ حَقِّى مِنْ فُلَان ٍ I have given thee power, or authority, to take, or receive, my due from such a one. (TA.) And لَا يَؤُمُّ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ فِى سُلْطَانِهِ [A man shall not take precedence of a man in his authority]; meaning, in his house, and where he has predominance, or superior power, or authority; nor shall he sit upon his cushion; for in doing so he would show him contempt. (Mgh.) ― -b2- Strength, or hardness, of anything: (M, K:) sharpness of anything: force, or violence, of anything. (TA.) The vehemence of winter. (TK.) An excited and predominant state of the blood; or inflammation thereof. (IDrd, M, K.) The flaming, or blazing, of fire. (IDrd.) ― -b3- A proof; an evidence; an argument; a plea; an allegation; syn. حُجَّةٌ, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) and بُرْهَانٌ: (S, Msb:) a حُجَّة being thus called because of the force with which truth attacks the mind: (B:) or, accord. to Mohammad Ibn-Yezeed, from سَلِيطٌ, (M, TA,) signifying “ oil of olives, ” because it enlightens: (TA:) and in these senses it has no pl., because it is used in the place of an inf. n. (S, TA.) Accord. to I'Ab, it signifies حُجَّة wherever it occurs in the Kur. (TA.) But in the words of the Kur [xvii. 35], فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِّيِهِ سُلْطَانًا, the meaning may be either [We have given to his executor, or heir,] authority, and power, or absolute authority and power, or the like; or a plea, or the like. (Mgh.) And again, in the Kur [lxix. 29], هَلَكَ عَنِّى سُلْطَانِيَهْ, the meaning may be My dominion, and my authority and power over men, has perished from me; or my plea. (Bd, B.) And sometimes it means A miracle; as in the words of the Kur [li. 38], إِِذْ أَرْسَلْنَاهُ إِِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ بِسُلْطَان ٍ مُبِين ٍ [When we sent him to Pharaoh with a manifest miracle]. (TA.) Az says that it is sometimes masc. because it has a masc. form; and thus it is in the last of the instances above. (TA.) ― -b4- Also A ruler, or governor, or the like; a king; a sovereign; (S, K, TA;) a khaleefeh: (TA:) these are its most common applications [in the writings of post-classical times]: (TA:) thus applied because the person so called is made to predominate; to have, or exercise, superior power or force; to have dominion, or the like: or because he is one of the evidences of God: (Aboo-Bekr, TA:) or because he possesses proof or evidence [of his right]: or because by him pleas and rights are established: (TA:) or because he enlightens the earth, (Msb, * B,) and is of great usefulness; (B;) the word being derived from سَلِيطٌ [signifying “ olive-oil ”]: (Msb:) it is of the measure فُعْلَانٌ: (S:) and when [thus] applied to a person, it is masc.: (Msb:) or it is masc. and fem.: (S, TA:) accord. to Mohammad Ibn-Yezeed, (TA,) fem. because it is [originally] pl. of سَلِيطٌ applied to “ oil; ” as though the kingdom shone by him; or because it has the signification of حُجَّةٌ: and sometimes masc., because regarded as meaning a man; (K, TA;) or because regarded as a sing.: so says Mohammad Ibn-Yezeed; but Az observes that none beside him says this: Fr says that he who makes it masc. regards it as meaning رَجُلٌ; and he who makes it fem. regards it as meaning حُجَّةٌ: (TA:) the pl. is سَلَاطِينُ. (S, Msb.) It is also, itself, sometimes used as a pl.; as in the phrase سَيِّدُ السُّلْطَانِ, used by a poet, meaning سَيِّدُ السَّلَاطِينَ [The lord of kings]; i. e. the khaleefeh: [but this may be rendered the lord of sovereign power, &c.:] or, as some say, the latter word is here pl. of سَلِيطٌ, like as رُغْفَانٌ is pl. of رَغِيفٌ. (Msb.) سَلَطَانَةٌ ذ , and سِلِطَانَةٌ, or سِلِطَّانَةٌ: see سَلِيطٌ. سَلِيطٌ ذ Strong, or hard; (M, K;) as also ↓ سَلِطٌ , (M,) or ↓ سَلْطٌ . (K.) You say, ↓ حَافِرٌ سَلِطٌ , (M,) or ↓ سَلْطٌ , (TA,) and سَلِيطٌ, (M, TA,) A strong, or hard, solid hoof. (M, TA.) And الحَافِرِ ↓ دَابَّةٌ سَلِطَةُ A beast having a strong, or hard, hoof. (M.) And الخُفِّ ↓ بَعِيرٌ سَلِطُ A camel having a strong, or hard, foot. (M.) ― -b2- Sharp; applied to anything. (K.) You say also ↓ سَنَابِكُ سَلِطَاتٌ Sharp edges of the fore parts of hoofs. (S, TA.) ― -b3- Chaste in speech, or eloquent, (S, K,) and sharp in tongue: (S:) an epithet of praise when applied to the male, and of dispraise when [with ة] applied to the female: (IDrd, K:) also, (K,) long-tongued; (M, K;) and so ↓ سَلِطٌ , (M,) or ↓ سَلْطٌ ; (K;) fem. سَلِيطَةٌ, and ↓ سَلَطَانَةٌ , (M, K,) and ↓ سِلِطَانَةٌ , (K,) or ↓ سِلِطَّانَةٌ ; (M;) the last written [thus] with tesh-deed to the ط in the Jm., and there explained as signifying long-tongued and clamorous: (TA:) or سَلِيطٌ signifies clamorous and foul-tongued; and so سَلِيطَةٌ applied to a woman: (Msb:) or the latter, applied to a woman, clamorous: (S:) or long-tongued and vehemently clamorous: (Lth:) or سَلِيطَةُ اللِّسَانِ is applied to a woman in two senses; signifying sharp-tongued; and long-tongued. (Az, TA.) You say also, لِسَانٌ سَلِيطٌ, (M, K,) and ↓ سَلِطٌ , (M,) or ↓ سَلْطٌ , (K,) A long tongue. (M, K.) -A2- Oil of olives; (S, M, Msb, K;) so applied by the generality of the Arabs: but by the people of El-Yemen applied to oil of sesame, or sesamum: (S, M:) IDrd, in the Jm, says the reverse; and IF has followed him; but what J says is right, as Sgh, has observed in the O: (TA:) also, (K,) or as some say, (M,) any oil expressed from grains or berries: (M, K:) pl. سُلْطَانٌ. (Msb, K.) أَسْلَطُ ذ More, and most, overcoming, prevailing, predominating, or superior in power or force. (Har p. 661.) ― -b2- هُوَ أَسْلَطُهُمْ لِسَانًا He is the most chaste, or eloquent, and the sharpest, [&c., (see an ex. voce سِلْقٌ,)] of them in tongue. (S.)
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