), of Athens, the father of the celebrated Socrates, is described by the ancient Greek writers as λιθουργός
, terms which undoubtedly signify a sculptor in marble, and not, as Hemsterhusius and others have supposed, merely a mason. (D. L. 2.18
; Lucian, Somn. 12,
vol. i. p. 18; comp. Hemsterh. ad loc. ;
Schol. ad Aristoph. Cl. 773 ; V. Max. 3.4
, ext. 1 ; Thiersch, Epochen,
He must have flourished about B. C. 470, and have belonged to the old Attic school, which preceded that of Pheidias, and to a family of Athenian artists, for Socrates is frequently represented, both by Xenophon and Plato, as tracing his descent from Daedalus. (Comp. SOCRATES, p. 847b, p. 856a; DAEDALUS, p. 928b.) No works of Sophroniscus are mentioned.