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16. There were different impediments to the progress of the different states. The Ionians had attained1 great prosperity when Cyrus and the Persians, having overthrown Croesus and subdued the2 countries between the river Halys and the sea, made war against them and enslaved3 the cities on the mainland. Some time afterwards,4 Darius, strong in the possession of the Phoenician fleet, conquered the islands also.

1 Impediments to progress:

2 B.C. 546.

3 (1) The rising power of the Persians.

4 B.C. 493.

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  • Commentary references to this page (7):
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXXVII
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.13
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.17
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.4
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.20
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.53
  • Cross-references to this page (5):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.5.2
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PHOENI´CIA
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter V
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, The Article
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
    • Thomas R. Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander, The Archaic Age
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (6):
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