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91. In the same summer the Athenians sent thirty ships round the Peloponnese under the command1 of Demosthenes the son of Alcisthenes, and Procles the son of Theodorus. They also sent sixty ships and two thousand hoplites to Melos, under the command of Nicias the son of Niceratus, [2] wishing to subdue the Melians, who, although they were islanders, resisted them and would not join their alliance2. [3] So they ravaged their country, but finding that the Melians would not yield, they sailed away to Oropus, opposite Euboea. There they put in at nightfall, and the hoplites disembarking went at once by land to Tanagra in Boeotia. [4] Meanwhile the entire Athenian force, under the command of Hipponicus the son of Callias, and Eurymedon the son of Thucles, upon a signal given marched to meet them at the same spot. There they encamped, and all together devastated the country, remaining at Tanagra during that day and the following night. [5] On the morrow they defeated the Tanagraeans who sallied out upon them, and also some Thebans who had come to their aid; they then took up the arms of the slain, raised a trophy, and returned, the one part of the forces back again to the city, the other to their ships. [6] Nicias with his sixty ships then sailed to the coast of Locris; after ravaging the country he returned home.

1 Thirty Athenian ships under Demosthenes sail round the Peloponnese. Sixty more under Nicias go to Melos, and after ravaging the island sail to Oropus. At Tanagra his troop, in concert with the Athenian land-forces, defeat the inhabitants.

2 Cp. 5.84.

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  • Commentary references to this page (19):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.11
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.106
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.22
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.29
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.3
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.32
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.7
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.90
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.92
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.94
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.98
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.99
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXXXVI
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.10
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.31
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.55
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.80
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.44
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.7
  • Cross-references to this page (7):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (5):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.84
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (3):
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