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3. (7) The first Hellenic colonists sailed from Chalcis in Euboea under the leadership of Thucles,1 and founded Naxos; there they erected an altar in honour of Apollo the Founder,2 which is still standing without the city3, and on this altar religious embassies sacrifice before they sail from Sicily. (8) [2] In the following year Archias, one of the Heraclidae, came from Corinth and founded Syracuse, first driving the Sicels out of the island of Ortygia; in which, though it is no longer surrounded by the sea, the inner city now stands; in process of time the outer city was included within the walls and became populous. (9) [3] In the fifth year after the foundation of Syracuse Thucles and the Chalcidians went forth from Naxos, and driving out the Sicels by force of arms, founded first Leontini, then Catana. The Catanaeans however chose a founder of their own, named Evarchus.

1 7. The Hellenic colonies:—(1) Naxos, from Chalcis, founded about 735 B.C. (2) Syracuse, from Corinth, about 734 B.C. (3) Leontini, 730 B.C.,and (4) Catana, from Naxos.

2 Or, 'which is now outside the city.'

3 Or, 'which is now outside the city.'

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  • Commentary references to this page (16):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Electra, 82
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 7.154
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.2
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.68
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.92
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XXV
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXI
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXXVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.77
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.89
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.11
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.100
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, The dispute between Corinth and Corcyra. Chaps. 24-55.
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.53
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.8
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.98
  • Cross-references to this page (18):
    • The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, LEONTINOI (Lentini) Sicily.
    • The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, NAXOS (Punta di Schisò) Sicily.
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, THE CASES
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.3
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.5.3
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), COLO´NIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), CA´TANA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), CUMAE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), LEONTI´NI
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), NAXOS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SYRACU´SAE
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter II
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter VI
    • Smith's Bio, Actaeon
    • Smith's Bio, Arche'getes
    • Smith's Bio, A'rchias
    • Smith's Bio, Thu'cles
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (7):
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