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63. 'Knowing all this, you must fight to the last with all your strength, and not be driven ashore.1 When ship strikes ship, refuse to until you have swept the enemy's heavy-armed from their decks. [2] I am speaking to the hoplites rather than to the sailors; for this is the special duty of the men on deck. We may still reckon on the superiority of infantry. [3] The sailors I would exhort, nay I would implore them, not to be paralysed by their disasters; for they will find the arrangements on deck improved, and the numbers of the fleet increased. Some among you have long been deemed Athenians, though they are not; and to them I say, Consider how precious is that privilege, and how worthy to be defended. You were admired in Hellas because you spoke our language and adopted our manners, and you shared equally with ourselves in the substantial advantages of our empire, while you gained even more than we by the dread which you inspired in subject-states and in your security against wrong. [4] You alone have been free partners in that empire; you ought not to betray it now. And so, despising the Corinthians whom you have beaten again and again, and the Sicilians who never dared to withstand us when our fleet was in its prime, repel your enemies, and show that your skill even amid weakness and disaster is superior to the strength of another in the hour of his success.

1 To the soldiers I say: When once engaged you must not separate until you have swept the enemy's decks. To the sailors: You have more and better-ships. To the allies: Remember the glory and the ad vantages of your connexion with Athens. Show that your weakness is more than another's strength.

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