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[13] But more than that, in regard to God's foreknowledge of the future and his forewarning thereof to whomsoever he will, these are the same terms, I assert, that all men use, and this is their belief. The only difference between them and me is that whereas they call the sources of their forewarning ‘birds,’ ‘utterances,’ ‘chance meetings,’ ‘prophets,’ I call mine a ‘divine’ thing;1 and I think that in using such a term I am speaking with more truth and deeper religious feeling than do those who ascribe the gods' power to birds. Now that I do not lie against God I have the following proof: I have revealed to many of my friends the counsels which God has given me, and in no instance has the event shown that I was mistaken.”


1 Or “divine sign.” Here, as earlier, the mere adjective is used; but in Plato's Theages (Plat. Theag. 128 D ff.) and Apology (Plat. Apol. 31 D) this admonitory something is described as a voice sent by heavenly dispensation, and is called variously “the sign” (Plat. Apol. 41 D), “the usual sign” (Plat. Apol. 40 C), “the divine sign” (Plat. Rep. 496 C), “the usual divine sign” (Plat. Euthyd. 272 E, Plat. Phaedr. 242 B, Plat. Theag. 129 B), “the sign from God” (Plat. Apol. 40 B), “something God-sent and divine” (Plat. Apol. 31 D). Plato reports Socrates' description of this as a voice not directing his actions but serving only as a deterrent when he or his friends were contemplating doing something inadvisable.

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hide References (16 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (4):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.5.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter V
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (9):
    • Plato, Republic, 496c
    • Plato, Apology, 31d
    • Plato, Apology, 40b
    • Plato, Apology, 40c
    • Plato, Apology, 41d
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 242b
    • Plato, Theages, 128d
    • Plato, Theages, 129b
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 272e
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (3):
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