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[444b] “Must not this be a kind of civil war1 of these three principles, their meddlesomeness2 and interference with one another's functions, and the revolt of one part against the whole of the soul that it may hold therein a rule which does not belong to it, since its nature is such that it befits it to serve as a slave to the ruling principle? Something of this sort, I fancy, is what we shall say, and that the confusion of these principles and their straying from their proper course is injustice and licentiousness and cowardice and brutish ignorance and, in general,3 all turpitude.” “Precisely this,”

1 στάσιν: cf. 440 E. It is defined in Sophist 228 B. Aristotle would again regard this as mere metaphor.

2 πολυπραγμοσύνην:434 B and Isocrates viii. 59.

3 συλλήβδην: summing up, as in Phaedo 69 B.

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