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[445a] and practice honorable pursuits and be just, whether1 one is known to be such or not, or whether injustice profits, and to be unjust, if only a man escape punishment and is not bettered by chastisement.2” “Nay, Socrates,” he said, “I think that from this point on our inquiry becomes an absurdity3—if, while life is admittedly intolerable with a ruined constitution of body even though accompanied by all the food and drink and wealth and power in the world, we are yet to be asked to suppose that, when the very nature and constitution of that whereby we live4 is disordered

1 ἐάν τε . . . ἐάν τε: Cf. 337 C, 367 E, 427 D, 429 E.

2 Cf. Gorgias 512 A-B, and on 380 B.

3 Cf. on 456 D. On the following argumentum ex contrario Cf. on 336 E.

4 Cf. on 353 D and Aristotle De anima 414 a 12 ff. Cf. Unity of Plato's Thought, p. 41.

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