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[550b] watering and fostering the growth of the rational principle1 in his soul and the others the appetitive and the passionate2; and as he is not by nature of a bad disposition but has fallen into evil communications,3 under these two solicitations he comes to a compromise4 and turns over the government in his soul5 to the intermediate principle of ambition and high spirit and becomes a man haughty of soul6 and covetous of honor.7” “You have, I think, most exactly described his origin.”

1 Cf. on 439 D, Vol. I. p. 397, note d.

2 For these three principles of the soul cf. on 435 A ff., 439 D-E ff., 441 A.

3 Cf. the fragment of Menander,φθείρουσιν ἤθη χρήσθ᾽ ὁμιλίαι κακαί, quoted in 1Cor. xv. 33 (Kock, C.A.F. iii. No. 218). Cf. also Phaedr. 250 Aὑπό τινων ὁμιλιῶν, Aesch.Seven Against Thebes 599ἔσθ᾽ ὁμιλίας κακῆς κάκιον οὐδέν.

4 Cf. p. 249, note f.

5 Cf. 553 B-C, 608 B.

6 ὑψηλόφρων is a poetical word. Cf. Eurip.I. A. 919.

7 Cf. p. 255, note f.

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