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[4] Persons fifty-nine years of age may serve as Arbitrators, as appears from the regulations for the Archons and Name-heroes; for the Heroes giving their names to the Tribes are ten in number and those of the years of military age forty-two,1 and the cadets used formerly when being enrolled to be inscribed on whitened tablets, and above them the Archon2 in whose term of office they were enrolled and the Name-hero of those that had been Arbitrators the year before, but now they are inscribed on a copper pillar and this is set up in front of the Council-chamber at the side of the list of Name-heroes.

1 Of the 100 Attic heroes 10 gave their names to the Tribes (see Aristot. Ath. Pol. 21.6), and of the remaining 90, 42 names were affixed to the successive years of active citizenship, military service being from the age of 18 to 59, and those in their 60th year serving as diaetetae. As each year expired, the Name-hero of the men now passing the age of 60 was transferred to those now just 18.

2 i.e. the senior of the Nine Archons, called Ἐπώνυμος because his name dated the year.

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