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The Lawgivers are responsible, first, for preparing lists of the days on which the jury-courts are to sit, and then for giving them to the officers, for these follow the arrangements that the Lawgivers assign. [2] Moreover it is they who bring before the People indictments, and bring in all votes of removal from office, preliminary informations sent on by the Assembly, impeachments for illegal procedure, proceedings against inexpedient legislation, a suit against a President or a Superintendent, and audits imposed on Generals. [3] Also they hear indictments for which a fee is paid, on charges of alien birth, alien corruption (that is, if a person charged with alien birth secures his acquittal by bribery), malicious information, bribery, false entry of public debts, personation of a witness, conspiracy, non-registration, adultery. [4] They also introduce1 the tests of qualification for all offices, and claims to citizenship rejected by vote of the deme, and verdicts of guilty passed on from the Council.2 [5] They also introduce private actions in commercial and mining cases, and actions against slaves for slandering a freeman. And they assign the public and the private jury-courts by lot among the magistrates. [6] They ratify contracts with other states, and bring into court suits arising under those contracts, and prosecutions for false witness instituted by the Areopagus. [7]

All the Nine Archons with the Lawgivers' Clerk, making ten, elect by lot the jurymen, each electing those of his own tribe.

1 i.e. before the bodies that checked these qualifications, see Aristot. Ath. Pol. 55.2-4.

2 See Aristot. Ath. Pol. 44.2 fin.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
    • Hyperides, In Defence of Lycophron, Hyp. 1 12
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (2):
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 44.2
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 55.2
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