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1 Encomia or laudatory orations are the chief constituent of Epideictic or Declamatory Oratory, one of the three branches （the others being Deliberative and Forensic） into which rhetoric is divided by Aristotle （Rhet. 1.3.）. The topics of encomia are virtue and vice, the noble and disgraceful, which are analyzed from this point of view in Rhet. 1.9. That chapter contains a parenthesis （9.33,34） distinguishing praise, as proper to πράξεις, actions in operation, from encomia, which belong to ἔργα, the results achieved by action; but this distinction is not maintained in the context （9.35, and cf. 9.2 where God as well as man is given as an object of praise）.