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[2]

The originators1 of this theory, then, used not to postulate Ideas of groups of things in which they posited2 an order of priority and posteriority3 (for which reason they did not construct an Idea of numbers in general). But Good is predicated alike in the Categories of Substance, of Quality, and Relation; yet the Absolute,4 or Substance, is prior in nature to the Relative, which seems to be a sort of offshoot or ‘accident’ of Substance; so that there cannot be a common Idea corresponding to the absolutely good and the relatively good.

1 Or perhaps ‘importers’ from the Pythagoreans of S. Italy.

2 Perhaps ‘we posit’.

3 A is ‘prior in nature’ (though not necessarily in time) to B, when A can exist without B but not B without A; and they cannot then be on a par as members of one class.

4 Lit. ‘that which is by itself’.

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