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Nor do the lower animals derive any pleasure from these senses, except accidentally.1 Hounds do not take pleasure in scenting hares, but in eating them; the scent merely made them aware of the hare. The lion does not care about the lowing of the ox, but about devouring it, though the lowing tells him that the ox is near, and consequently he appears to take pleasure in the sound. Similarly he is not pleased by the sight of ‘or stag or mountain goat,’2 but by the prospect of a meal.

1 i.e., by association.

2 Hom. Il. 3.24

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