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It is therefore clear1 that, even if Prudence had no bearing on conduct, it would still be needed, because it is the virtue of2 that part of the intellect to which it belongs; and also that our choice of actions will not be right without Prudence any more than without Moral Virtue, since, while Moral Virtue enables us to achieve3 the end, Prudence makes us adopt the right means to the end.

1 The writer recapitulates the solution reached in the last two chapters of the difficulty stated in 12.1.

2 The text should probably be emended ‘of one of the two parts of the intellect’: see 12.4.

3 At 12.6 Aristotle says more precisely that Virtue ‘makes the End right,’ i.e., makes us choose the right End; strictly speaking, to achieve the End requires also Prudence in the choice of the right means.

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